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Unit : 1N5 Addition and subtraction (I) Topic


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Who Has More Candies?




Unit : 1N5 Addition and subtraction (I)

Topic : Who Has More Candies?

Key Stage : 1
Learning Objectives:

Enhance the understanding in solving word problems involving addition and subtraction


Prerequisite Knowledge:

  1. Understand the meaning of “more” and “less”

  2. Perform addition and subtraction within two places

  3. Solve simple addition and subtraction problems


Teaching Resources:

  1. Candies

  2. Paper cups

  3. Scenario Cards

  4. Worksheet – Who Has More Candies (I)?

Who Has More Candies (II)?


  1. Pupils are grouped into three. Each group takes one Worksheet “Who Has More Candies (I)?”, 2 paper cups and 20 candies.

  2. The teacher places the Scenario Card (I) on the blackboard (see Figure 1).

Scenario Card (I):


Ann has 6 candies



Jenny has 2 candies more than Ann

Jenny has candies


Figure 1


  1. Two of the pupils in the group play the roles shown on the scenario cards and write down the role on the paper cups. Then according to the information on the scenario cards, pupils take an appropriate amount of candies and describe the result orally. Take Scenario Card (I) as an example: Pupil A plays the role of Ann and takes 6 candies. A says “I have 6 candies.” Pupil B plays the role of Jenny, and then B says “I have 2 candies more than Ann.” B takes 2 more candies after having taken 6 candies and then says “I have 8 candies.

  2. Another pupil in the group describers orally the result again. Take Scenario Card (I) as an example: “Ann has 6 candies. Jenny has 2 more candies than Ann. Jenny has 6 plus 2 candies. She has totally 8 candies.”

  3. Pupils draw and record the result on the Worksheet.

For example:


Who Has More Candies (I) ?

( Ann / Jenny ) has more candies.

( Ann / Jenny ) has fewer candies.


Ann has: 

Jenny has: 

Jenny has 8 candies.

Number sentence: 6 + 2 = 8



  1. Repeat Step 3 to 5 with Scenario Card (II) (see Figure 2).

Scenario Card (II):


Tom has 6 candies



Jack has 2 candies less than Tom

Jack has candies


Figure 2


Repeat Activity 1 with Scenario Card (III), (IV) and the Worksheet “Who has more candies (II)?” (see Figure 3).

Scenario Card (III):


Ann has 6 candies



Ann has 2 candies more than Jenny

Jenny has candies


Scenario Card (IV):


Tom has 6 candies

Tom has 2 candies less than Jack

Jack has candies


Figure 3


Questions for Discussion:

  1. In Scenario Card (I), who has more candies? In Scenario Card (III), who has more candies?

  2. In Scenario Card (I), why addition is used to calculate the amount of candies Jenny has? However, why subtraction is used in Scenario Card (III)?

  3. In Scenario Card (II), who has fewer candies? In Scenario Card (IV), who has fewer candies?

  4. In Scenario Card (II), why subtraction is used to calculate the amount of candies Jack has? However, why addition is used in Scenario Card (IV)?

  5. When there is the word “more” in the problem, does it mean addition? When there is the word “less” in the problem, does it mean subtraction?


Pupils design their own scenario cards. Repeat the activities above, and orally describe the result.


Remarks:

To make it easy for pupils to understand problems through activities, the figures used should not be too large. It should be set according to the pupils’ ability. 


Generic Skills Fostered:










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