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Thematic plan of lectures on Pharmaceutical Botany


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Thematic plan of lectures

on Pharmaceutical Botany

for students of II course of pharmaceutical faculty



for autumn semester 2014-2015 study years




Themes of lectures

Hours

1.

Introduction to botany. Anatomy of plant as a part of botany. Cell theory. Structure of plant cell and its components and their functions, cell wall, cytoplasm, nucleus, vacuole. Microscopic analysis of plants raw materials.

2

2.

Introduction to phytohistology. Plant tissues, their structure, and arrangement in the organs and functions. Classification of tissues according to their origin and functions. Meristems, dermal, support, vascular, secretory and ground tissues.

2

3.

Vegetative organs of higher plant. Physiological functions and morphology-anatomical structure of dicot and monocot roots. Specialized roots. Morphology- anatomical structure of stems. Specialized stems. Shoots. Bugs. Features of woody stems. Specialized stems and shoots.

2

4.

Leaf. Functions, development, types of anatomical and morphological structure of dicot and monocot leaf blade. Specialized leaves.

2

5.

Generative organs of angiosperms. Flower, its structure and functions. Inflorescence, its structure and classification. Biology of reproduction. Fruits and seeds formation. Structure and classification of fruits and seeds. Growtle and development of seed.

2

6.

Plants names and classification. Development of the Kingdom concept. Classification of the Major groups. Classification of fungi and lichens; vascular plants: ferus and their relatives gymnosperms. Plant species of these groups witle medicinal uses. Angiosperm - higher stage of evolution in the plant world.



2




Total:

12


Thematic plan of laboratory works

on Pharmaceutical Botany

for students of II course of pharmaceutical faculty



for autumn semester 2014-2015 study years




Theme of laboratory work

Hours

1.

The botanical microtechnic. The structure of plant cell.

2,5

2.

Plastids: chloroplasts, leucoplasts, chromoplasts. The cell sap and its composition.

2,5

3.

Storage substances: starch and aileron grains. Storage and excretory substances; types of crystals.

2,5

4.

Meristematic tissues. Primary and secondary meristems.

2,5

5.

Dermal tissues: epiderma, peryderma, rhytidome.

2,5

6.

Support tissues: collenchyma, schlerenchyma, schlereids.

2,5

7.

Vascular tissues structure.

2,5

8.

Vascular bundles: radial, collateral, bicollateral, concentric.

2,5

9.

Ground tissues. Secretory tissues: external and internal secretion.


2,5

10.

Primary and secondary structure of roots of monocot and dicot.

2,5

11.

Anatomical structure of stems and rhizomes of monocot.

2,5

12.

Anatomical structure of stems and rhizomes of dicot.

2,5

13.

Anatomical structure of monocot and Gymnosperms leaves .


2,5

14.

Anatomical structure of dicot leaves.


2,5

15.

Morphology of vegetative organs of plants.

2,5

16.

Morphology of corm and its types

2,5

17.

Morphology of leaves and its types

2,5

18.

Summary control of Module 1.

2,5




Total :

45


Thematic plan of іndependent works

on Pharmaceutical Botany

for students of II course of pharmaceutical faculty

for autumn semester 2014-2015 study years




Themes of іndependent works

Hours

1.

Theoratical skills for laboratory works

25

2.

Independent study of some topics and thems of pragram

42

2.1.

Aim and tasks of pharmaceutical botany, it`s connection with others subjects. Botany sections.

Useful of plants in pharmacy and medicine



3

2.2.

Methods of cytology, their significance for pharmacy. Organization of plant cells. Comparison of bacteria, fungi, plant and animal cells.

3

2.3.

Biochemical cytology, it`s useful in pharmacognosy and pharmacy. Connection of cells in plant organizm. Plant tussues – principles of classification.

3

2.4.

Determination, drawing and discription of varions types of meristems from photo of microslides and cross section of vegetative organs of plants.

2

2.5.

Determination, drawing and discription of varions types of dermal tissues from photo of microslides and cross section of vegetative organs of plants.

2

2.6.

Determination, drawing and discription of varions types of mechanical and vascular tissues from photo of microslides and cross section of vegetative organs of plants.

2

2.7.

Determination, drawing and discription of varions types of ground and secretory tissues from photo of microslides and cross section of vegetative organs of plants.

3

2.8.

Determination, drawing and discription of varions types of vessels of varions types from photo of microslides and cross section of vegetative organs of plants.

3

2.9.

Main terms of morphology. Morphological, anatomical and functional integrity of plant. Evolution of tissues and organism of plant.

2

2.10.

Vegetative organs of plants: germination, growth, regularity and functional integrity. Anatomical structure and function of vegetative organs. Correlation and interaction of cells and tissues in plant organism. Shoot and rott – main vegetative organs of plant, common features and peculiarities.

3

2.11.

Determination, drawing and discription of anatomy of rotts of monocots and dicots grassy plant according to their cross section photographyes.

2

2.12.

Axial cylinder types of main groups of higher plants. Leaf tracks of branching. Anatomical features for distinction of stems, life forms of stem like axial organ for taxonomy.

3

2.13.

Determination, drawing and discription of anatomical structure of stems of monocots and dicots grassy plants and stems of woody angiosperms and gymnosperms according to their cross section photographyes

3

2.14.

Determination, drawing and discription of anatomical structure of rizomes of angiosperms and gymnosperms according to their cross section photographyes

2

2.15.

Determination, drawing and discription of anatomical structure of leaves of angiosperms and gymnosperms according to their cross section photographyes

2

2.16.

Morphological diversity of roots and shoots. Buds: structure, classification, varicty and importance.

2

2.17.

Overground and underground metamorphoses of shoots: structure, functions and diagnostic importance. Analogy and homology organs. Life forms of plants.

2

3.

Training to control of Module 1.

5




Total:

72


Thematic plan of lectures

on Pharmaceutical Botany

for students of II course of pharmaceutical faculty

for spring semester 2014-2015 study years


№№

Themes of lectures


Hours

1.

Vascular plants. Angiosperms. Classes dicot and monocot. Morphological and anatomical features, and chemosystems of Dicots of subclasses: Magnoliidae, Ranunculidae, and Caryophyllidae. Species of Families and their importance in medicine, pharmacy, ets.

2

2.

Class Dicots. Morphological and anatomical characters, chemotaxonomy of subclasses: Hamamelididae and Dilleniidae. Species of Families and their importance in medicine, pharmacy, ets.

2


3.

Class Dicots. Morphological and anatomical characters, chemotaxonomy of subclasses: Rosidae, Asteridae and Lamiidae. Species of Families and their importance in medicine, pharmacy, ets.

2


4.

Class Monocots. Morphological and anatomical characters, chemotaxonomy of subclasses: Liliidae, Alismatidae and Arecidae. Species of Families and their importance in medicine, pharmacy, ets.

2




Total:

8


Thematic plan of laboratory works

on Pharmaceutical Botany

for students of II course of pharmaceutical faculty

for spring semester 2014-2015 study years




Theme of laboratory work


Hours

1.


Content module 4. Characters of main groups of Phototrophs: algae, fungi, higher sporous plants and gymnosperms, their species with medicinal importance.

Higher sporous plants. Species of divisions of Bryophyta, Lycopodohyta, Equisetophyta, Polypodiophyta


2,5


2.

Gymnosperms. Division Pinophyta. Classes Pinopsida (Coniferae), Gnetopsida.

2,5

3.

Content module 5. Systems of Angiosperms. Dicotyledons. Morphological, and anatomical and chemosystematic features of Dicots of subclasses: Magnoliidae; Ranunculidae; Caryophyllidae; Hamamelididae; Dilleniidae; Rosidae. Species of Families and their useful for medicine and pharmacy.

System of Angiosperms. Dicotyledons. Subclass Ranunculidae: studying of species of Buttercup, Poppy and Berberry Families.


2,5


4.

Subclass Caryophyllidae: studying of Buckwheat and Carnation Families.

2,5

5.

Subclass Hamamelididae: studying of Beech, Birch.

2,5

6.

Subclass Dilleniidae: studying of Nettle and Mallow Families.

2,5

7.

Subclass Dilleniidae: studying of Heath, Linden, Pumpkin, Hypericum Families.

2,5

8.

Subclass Rosidae: studying of Rose, Valeriana, Flax Families.

2,5

9.

Subclass Rosidae: studying of Legume, Rue, Myrtle Families.

2,5

10.

Subclass Rosidae: studying of Carrot, Honeysuckle, Buckthorn Families.

2,5

11.


Content module 5. Angiosperms. Dicots. Morphology, anatomy and chemotaxonomy of subclasses Asteridae and Lamiidae. Monocots. Anatomy, morphology and chemotaxonomy of Monocots of subclasses Liliidae, Alismatidae, Arecidae. Species of these Families and their importance for medicine and pharmacy. Main parts of ecology, cenology and geography of plants.

Subclass Asteridae: studying of species from Daisy Family.


2,5


12.

Subclass Lamiidae: studying of species from Mint Family.

2,5

13.

Subclass Lamiidae: studying of species from Nightshade and Figwort Families.

2,5

14.

Subclass Lamiidae: studying of species from Dogbane, Borage and Plantain Families.

2,5

15.

Monocots. Subclass Liliidae: studying of Convallaria, Onion, Melanthium Families.

2,5

16.

Monocots. Subclass Liliidae: studying of Asparagus, Amaryllid, Grass Families.

2,5

17.

Studying of ecology: phytocenology of geographical distribution of plants. Medicinal plants resources of Ukraine, their efficient useful and conservation.

2,5

18.

Total Module 2.

2,5




Total:

45

Thematic plan of іndependent works

on Pharmaceutical Botany

for students of II course of pharmaceutical faculty

for spring semester 2014-2015 study years




Theme of іndependent work


Hours

1.

Theoratical skills for laboratory works

25

2.

Independent study of some topics and thems

42

2.1.

Classification of plants main botanical terms. The method of systematically arranging the different species of living organisms and plants into groups on the basis of similarities and differences. Modern classification of phototrophs and fungi. Taxonomic ranks and taxa. Chemotaxonomy and its principles. Naming of Plants. “Lower plants” and “higher plants” – their classification and features.

3

2.2.

Blue-green algae characters. Lern and explaine features of structure, distribution, composition of biologically active compounts, importance for pharmacy, medicine others of Cyanobacteria: Nostoc, Anabaena Oscillatoria.

1

2.3.

Algae – red, green and brown – characters. Lern and explaine features of structure, life cycle, nutrition, ecology, importance and useful of green algae: chlorella, volvox, chlamydomonas, spirohyra, ulotrix; Diatom algae – pinularia.

Brown algae: Fucus, Laminaria.



2

2.4.

Classification of fungi. Class Basidiomycetes. Ascomycetes. Lern and characterize vegetative body structure, nutrition, reproduction, useful of Ascomycetes: Saccharomyces ellipsoideus; S. cerevisiae; Xylaria polymorpha.

Basidiomycetes: Cantharellus, Russila, Sullus, Armillaria, Agaricus, Boletus edulis as food for humans. Fungus betulinus.

Poisonous fungi (Amanita muscaria; Amanita phalloides; Boletus badius)



Deideromycetes: Penicillium, Aspergillus.

2

2.5.

Characters of morphological types of lichens: Features of the lichen thallus, its texsture and biology; environmental monitoring with lichens. The humom useful lichens: of Usnea longissima; Cladonia carneola, Cladonia rangiferina; Lobaria pulmonaria as dyes and medicines.

1

2.6.

Bryophyta, Lycopodohyta, Equisetophyta, Pteridophyta. Lern and explaine morphology and draw life cycle of Polytrichum commune, Selaginella.

1

2.7.

Gymnosperms. Studying of morphology, Latin names, distribution in nature of medicinal plants: Ginkgo biloba of family Ginkgoaceae; Taxus baccata of family Taxaceae.

1

2.8.

Angiosperms. Class Dicots. Subclass Magnoliidae. Studying and discription of morphology, Latin names, distribution in nature of medicinal plants: Magnolia grandiflora – from Magnoliaceae family; Laurus nobilis and Cinnamomum aromaticum, Cinnamomum camphora – from Lauraceae family; Schizandra chinensis – from Schizandraceae family; Nimphaea alba and Nuphar lutea – from Nymphaeaceae family;

2

2.9.

Angiosperms. Class Dicots. Subclass Ranunculidae. Studying and discription of morphology, Latin names, distribution in nature of medicinal plants: Aconitum soongoricum, A. karakolicum, A.lencostomum, Pulsatilla grandis, Thalictrum minus; Nigella damascena; Delphinium dictyocarpum – from Ranunculaceae.

2

2.10.

Angiosperms. Class Dicots. Subclass Caryophillidae. Studying and discription of morphology, Latin names, distribution in nature of medicinal plants: Herniaria glabra and Herniaria hirsuta – from Caryophillaceae.

1

2.11.

Angiosperms. Class Dicots. Subclass Hamamelidae. Studying and discription of morphology, Latin names, distribution in nature of medicinal plants: Juglans regia – from Juglandaceae.

1

2.12.

Angiosperms. Class Dicots. Subclass Hamamelidae. Studying and discription of morphology, Latin names , distribution in nature of medicinal plants: Camelia sinensis – from Theaceae; Viola tricolor, V.arvensis, V.odoratafrom Violaceae; Humulus lupulus – from Cannabaceae.

2

2.13.

Angiosperms. Class Dicots. Subclass Hamamelidae. Studying and discription of morphology, Latin names, distribution in nature of medicinal plants: Paeonia anomalia – from Paeoniaceae; Salix alba, Populus nigra, P.tremula – from Salicaceae; Primula veris – from Primulaceae; Ricinus communis, Securinega suffrutiosa – from Euphorbiaceae; Theobroma cacao – from Sterculiaceae.

2

2.14.

Angiosperms. Class Dicots. Subclass Hamamelidae. Studying and discription of morphology, Latin names, distribution in nature of medicinal plants: Malus domestica; Geum urbanum; Laurocerasus officinalis; Prunus spinosa; Filipendula hexapetata, F.ulmaria – from Rosaceae family.

2


2.15.

Angiosperms. Class Dicots. Subclass Hamamelidae. Studying and discription of morphology, Latin names, distribution in nature of medicinal plants: Bergenia crassifolia – from Saxifragaceae; Rhodiola rosea; Kalanchoë pinnata, Sedum maximum – from Crassulaceae Family; Ribes nigrum and Ribes rubrum – from Grossulariaceae; Drosera rotundifolia – from Droseraceae family.

2


2.16.

Angiosperms. Class Dicots. Subclass Hamamelidae. Studying and discription of morphology, Latin names, distribution in nature of medicinal plants: Aesculus hippocastanum – from Hippocastanaceae family.

2


2.17.

Angiosperms. Class Dicots. Subclass Rosidae. Studying and discription of morphology, Latin names, distribution in nature of medicinal plants: Glycine hispida; Arachis hypogea; Lespedeza Rich., Galega officinalis, Hedysarum hedysaroides from Leguminosae family.

2


2.18.

Angiosperms. Class Dicots. Subclass Lamiidae. Studying and discription of morphology, Latin names, distribution in nature of medicinal plants: Cinchona succirubra, Coffea arabica, Robinia tinctorum from Rubiaceae family; Tribulus terrestris from Zygophyllaceae family; Linaria vulgaris from Scrophulariaceae family; Salvia sclarea and Rosmarinus officinalis from Lamiaceae family.

2


2.19.

Angiosperms. Class Monocotyledones. Subclass Liidae. Studying and discription of morphology, Latin names, distribution in nature of medicinal plants. Medical species from Genus Frittillaria, Lilium, Tulipa; - Drimia maritima, Hyacinthus orientalis – from Hyacinthaceae family; Dioscorea nipponica, D.caucasica – from Dioscoreaceae.

2


2.20.

Angiosperms. Class Monocot. Subclass Liliidae. Studying and discription of morphology, Latin names, distribution in nature of medicinal plants: Aloe vera – from Asphodelaceae family; Iris germanica, Iris lutea from Iridaceae family; Orchis militaris and Orchis mascula, Platanthera bifolia from Orchidaceae family.

2


2.21.

Angiosperms. Class Monocot. Subclass Liliidae. Studying and discription of morphology, Latin names, distribution in nature of medicinal plants: Ananas comossus from Bromelia family, Musa sapientum from Musaceae family; Careo brevicollis from Cyperaceae family; Juncus compressus from Juncaceae family; Saccharum officinalis from Poaceae family.

2


2.22.

Angiosperms. Class Monocot. Subclass Arecidae. Studying and discription of morphology, Latin names, distribution in nature of medicinal plants: Acorus calamus from Arum family; Cocos nucifera, Elacis guineensis, Phoenix dactylifera from Arecaceae family.

1


2.23.

Angiosperms. Class Monocot. Subclass Alismatidae. Studying and discription of morphology, Latin names, distribution in nature of medicinal plants: Butomus umbellatus from Butomaceae family; Sagittaria sagittifolia and Alisma plantago-aquatica from Alismataceae family.

1


2.24.

Some aspects of ecology, phenology and plant geography: objects, tasks and methods of investigations.

1

2.25.

Plant species protection. Efficient useful and refreshing of medicinal plants resources. Preservation of plant nature, wildlife territry; national parks. International organizations for preservation of plant nature. “Red Book”.

2

3.

Training for Total Module 2.

5




Total:

72


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