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Technical background document in support of the mid-term review of the Global Strategy for Plant Conservation


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CBD







Distr.

GENERAL
UNEP/CBD/SBSTTA/18/INF/10

28 May 2014
ENGLISH ONLY


Subsidiary Body on Scientific, Technical and Technological Advice

Eighteenth meeting

Montreal, 23-28 June 2014

Item 3 of the provisional agenda*


Technical background document in support of the mid-term review of the Global Strategy for Plant Conservation

Note by the Executive Secretary


  1. The Executive Secretary is circulating herewith, for the information of participants in the eighteenth meeting of the Subsidiary Body on Scientific, Technical and Technological Advice, a technical background document to support the mid-term review of the Global Strategy for Plant Conservation.

  2. The report was prepared by Botanic Gardens Conservation International in association with the Global Partnership for Plant Conservation and the Secretariat of the Convention on Biological Diversity. An earlier draft of this document was made available for peer-review and comments from six Parties and eight organizations were taken into account in preparing this document. A summary assessment based on this note is contained in a document the note by the Executive Secretary on progress in achieving the targets of the Global Strategy for Plant Conservation 2011-2020 (UNEP/CBD/SBSTTA/18/3).

  3. The report is presented in the form and language in which it was received by the Secretariat.

Technical background document in support of the mid-term review of the Global Strategy for Plant Conservation
(GSPC)

Compiled by Botanic Gardens Conservation International (BGCI) in association with the Global Partnership for Plant Conservation (GPPC) and the Secretariat of the Convention on Biological Diversity


Contents


Contents 3

Introduction 6

Section 1: Progress in national / regional implementation of the GSPC 7

The GSPC and National / Regional Biodiversity Strategies and Action Plans 7

Progress in plant conservation as reported in 5th National Reports to the CBD 8

Reviews from regional workshops 9

Progress in China 9

Progress in Brazil 10

Progress in Europe 10

The development of national / regional plant conservation strategies 11

South Africa 11

Mexico 12

A Regional Strategy for the Caucasus 13

Section 2 Progress in implementing the GSPC targets 14

Target 1: An online flora of all known plants 14

Progress towards the target 15

The Plant List 15

Developing a World Flora Online Initiative 15

e-monocot 16

The Global Plants Initiative (GPI) 17

Working towards national floras 17

Partnership projects 18



Target 2: An assessment of the conservation status of all known plants as far as possible, to guide conservation action 20

Progress towards the target 22

The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species™ 22

IUCN SSC Specialist Groups 24

Other global initiatives 25

National and regional initiatives 26



Target 3: Information, research and associated outputs and methods necessary to implement the Strategy developed and shared 29

Progress towards the target 29

Global initiatives: A Toolkit for the GSPC 29

Sibbaldia Horticultural Journal 30

Conserving Crop Wild Relatives 30

Progress at the national level 30



Target 4: At least 15% of each ecological region or vegetation type secured through effective management and/or restoration 32

Progress towards the target 32

The Ecological Restoration Alliance of Botanic Gardens 32

Supporting national implementation 33



Target 5: At least 75% of the most important areas for plant diversity of each ecological region protected, with effective management in place for conserving plants and their genetic diversity 36

Progress towards the target 37

National initiatives 37

Target 6: At least 75% of production land in each sector managed sustainably, consistent with the conservation of plant diversity 41

Progress towards the target 41

Sustainable Crop Production 41

Sustainable forestry 42



Target 7: At least 75 per cent of known threatened plant species conserved in situ 43

Progress towards the target 43



Target 8: : At least 75 per cent of threatened plant species in ex situ collections, preferably in the country of origin, and at least 20 per cent available for recovery and restoration programmes 46

Progress towards the target 48

Global monitoring 48

National and regional progress 48

On-going activities 50

Target 9: 70 per cent of the genetic diversity of crops including their wild relatives and other socio-economically valuable plant species conserved, while respecting, preserving and maintaining associated indigenous and local knowledge 55

Progress towards the target 56

Seed conservation 56

On-farm and in situ conservation 56

Activities of GPPC members 57

Target 10: Effective management plans in place to prevent new biological invasions and to manage important areas for plant diversity that are invaded 59

Progress towards the target 60

Activities by GPPC members 60

Target 11: No species of wild flora endangered by international trade 62

Progress towards the target 63

Activities by GPPC members 63

Target 12: All wild harvested plant-based products sourced sustainably 65

Progress towards the target 66

The FairWild Standard 66

National and regional activities 68



Target 13: Indigenous and local knowledge innovations and practices associated with plant resources maintained or increased, as appropriate, to support customary use, sustainable livelihoods, local food security and health care 69

Progress towards the target 70

Global initiatives 70

Activities of GPPC members 70



Target 14: The importance of plant diversity and the need for its conservation incorporated into communication, education and public awareness programmes 72

Progress towards the target 73

GPPC activities on Target 14 73

Target 15: The number of trained people working with appropriate facilities sufficient according to national needs, to achieve the targets of this Strategy 76

Progress towards the target 77

Capacity building and the GPPC 77

Target 16 Institutions, networks and partnerships for plant conservation established or strengthened at national, regional and international levels to achieve the targets of this Strategy 80

Progress towards the target 81



Section 3: Summary of progress towards the GSPC targets 85

Acknowledgements 90

Annex 1: Members of the Global Partnership for Plant Conservation 92

Annex 2: The contribution to selected GSPC targets of conservation actions mentioned in a sub-set of the 5th National Reports. 94

Annex 3: Summary of national progress towards the GSPC targets: 95

Central America / Caribbean 95

South East Asia 96

Southern and Eastern Africa 97



Annex 4: Members of the World Flora Online Consortium (January 2014) 98

Annex 5: Members of the Ecological Restoration Alliance 99

Annex 6: Potential contribution of CITES to the GSPC targets 100
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