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Self Introduction


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Self Introduction





  • PUC (Discontinued)…

  • Started farming in 1998

  • Inspired by Fukuoka natural farming since 2000

  • Paddy in 15 acres, horticulture in 5 acres

  • Paddy, green gram, arecanut, banana, turmeric, ginger, black gram, mango, coconut

  • tillage, weeding, manures, bio-pest repellents

  • Green manures used along, before and after the crops

  • Solutions only through GM only

  • Getting above average yield

  • Green culture








Culture



Clean



Green




  • Need Machinery

  • Labor oriented

  • Manures/microbial mixtures needed

  • Weeds emerge again after cultivation

  • Pest-fungus depends on crops for food

  • Soil erosion

  • Loss of moisture

  • No food chain/negative action

  • Do everything culture







  • Savings in time, money and hard work

  • Accept, feel, love & live

  • Fulfills needs of all creatures

  • Solutions for farm and crop demands

  • Dream, apply thoughts & green will deliver

  • Mind preparation needed to change clean into green culture.







Legume logic








  • Welcome to the world of legumes

  • Enter into biological nitrogen fixing factory

  • Air has 78% nitrogen

  • 78,000 tons of nitrogen per hectare

  • Rhizobium fixes free biological nitrogen

  • Over 550 genera,12,000 species in the world

  • Annuals, Bi-annuals and perennials

  • Herbs, shrubs, twines, creepers, bush, trees

  • Nitrogen is the first, must nutrient required in large quantity for plants.

  • Plants for all seasons and zonal conditions.

  • Apart from BNF, some provide, food, fodder, timber, fuel wood, natural dyes, medicinal, wind breaker, live fence, pest repellents, trap plants, highly toxic, fire resistant, biomass, oil seeds, slightly toxic, nematicidal properties, fibers, erosion control, gum, alkaline land reclamation

  • This legume culture is for sustainable agriculture









Face of our Soil








  • WEEDS are the facial index of our soil

  • Diversity and biomass of weeds shows soil richness

  • Clean culture destroys diversity & results in hardy perennial grasses

  • One or two varieties of monocot weeds or perennial grasses neither enrich the soil nor enhance crop yield.

  • Destroying the weeds like grasses is impossible.

  • Diversity covers the soil completely, and helps the soil to work for itself

  • annuals come under check in 2-3 years

  • Perennials come under check in 3-4 years










Roots till the soil








  • Vegetal macro-organisms “ of the soil

  • Penetrate hardened layers deeper

  • 60 m deep roots have been observed

  • Some tree roots penetrate as deep as above the ground

  • Roots have much greater volume than the aerial parts.

  • Tap roots pump up the nutrients from sub soil

  • Roots get decomposed leaving behind organic matter

  • Passage of roots helps flow of air and water

  • Tuber crops like, Arrow root, tapioca, sweet potato, elephant foot yam, weed carrot, arum and others make big holes in the soil.

  • Field mice also dig tunnels in a roller coaster way like no other man-made machines can do.








Monocultures in mind








  • Vigorous, huge biomass producing perennial creepers to be avoided in the farm, eg., Pueraria, Mucuna bracteata, Mimosa invisa and others

  • They suppress other plants and monocrop will be established.

  • Once settled its hard to remove them

  • No food for chain

  • Its better to avoid such perennial creepers











Diversity hits our soil





  • Apart from BNF through legumes,

  • Eupatorium carries boron

  • Every plant carries different nutrients and medicinal values of their own

  • Food chain

  • Suppresses hardy perennial grasses

  • Micro climate

  • Humus / less water requirement

  • Variety for the pests and fungus









Mulching with our weeds





  • During Nov-Feb collect the available seeds

  • Along roadsides, waste lands, river-pool sides, forests

  • Right mixture of monocot & dicot herbs, creepers, and tree varieties

  • For new farms, collect from open areas

  • For old farms, collect from that percentage of shade as in your farm

  • Weeds like cassias, crotolarias, indigos, Desmodium, sesbanias &
    Wild varieties of mung, black gram, horse gram, cluster bean, cow pea, lab lab are useful for mulching.











Dressing up our garden








  • Broadcast the collected seeds in the month of March

  • Creepers to be avoided in the new farms

  • Cucurbits, velvet beans, lab lab, cowpea, sweet potato can be grown in farms with more shade and to suppress the hardy grasses

  • Seed brought by pests, birds, animals have very good germination and vigor in growth than compared to broadcasted seeds

  • Some hard coated seeds continue to germinate in the next season

  • Bamboo is the poor man’s teak, fastest growing grass in the world.

4-5 grooves/acre helps to maintain ideal micro climate.

  • Gini grass settles in the partial shades of the farm and hosts VAM.

  • Sweet potato, tapioca, calliandra, gliricedias and others can be grown in the snail problem areas.









Catch plants








  • Plants like,

Caster, hibiscus, sun hemp, lab lab, velvet beans, indigo, lantana, sorghum, cassias, have trap-catch-host ability, controls and repels pests and some have nematicidal properties.








Alley Cropping





  • First tier in live mulching.

  • Sown in the alleys between the rows in a North-South direction.

  • Grows 15-20 feet in 2 years, pruned at a height of 3 feet during early monsoon.

  • It helps the creepers to climb them

  • Produces more biomass in the same space.

  • Acts as a wind breaker .

  • Sun scorching of the plants will be avoided.

  • Fast growing trees, shrubs like, Gliricedias, Ethrina species, subabul, Calliandra, Sesbania species like S. grandiflora, S. farmosa, S. sesban, S. egyptica are some among over 300 verities










Sun scorching





  • Between November and February.

  • Starts with eastward and ends with westward winds.

  • Only south western parts of the plant will be damaged

  • While earth is nearer to the sun it loses the moisture in these days and eastward dry wind lifts the remaining moisture so the real stress period begins in this period.

  • Tall trees in south and west borders, alley cropping will avoid loss of moisture.

  • Some climbers like velvet beans, lablab, Abrus will avoid sun
    scorching by covering plants stem with their leaves.

  • In this period water requirement is more than in summer










Green guard for Animals





  • Some crops serve as a live repellents to cattle and wild animals.

  • Leaves yielding milky sap, having disgusting and bitter taste like Niger, Sesbanias, Gliricedia, Ipomea can be grown.

  • Sun hemp seeds and pods are toxic to cattle

  • Mucuna bracteata, and wild lab lab species animals don’t like to eat.

  • Mimosa invisa is highly toxic and can kill sheep in few hours and cattle in a day or two.

  • Live fencing with fast growing shrubs and trees.

  • Every plant has its own characters & we must make use of them









  • Straw (dead Mulching )




    • Live mulching







  • Useful in risebed (aerobic) techniques

  • As a soil cover

  • Stops erosion

  • Controls weeds

  • Retains moisture

  • Shade for microbes

  • Some nutrients move from the mulch to soil.






  • Apart from straw mulch uses

  • Live mulching fixes BNF

  • Host plants for the microbes

  • Roots till the soil

  • Aeration

  • Catch plants

and many more…





Foot prints





  • Leave the plants to produce seeds in the beginning

  • Diversity develops balance eco system without species dominance

  • Forest-kind of appearance offers sustainability

  • Pathways and every alternate line to be cleaned only few days before harvest

  • Remaining lines left with soil cover for seed production

  • Forest gardens (silvi horticulture) fulfill our needs than that of well dressed, neat, clean, and lawn cultured gardens.










Gliricedia





In Greek

Gliri= rats cedia= kills





  • On the bunds of paddy fields only in a north south direction

  • Shade will fall on paddy in east west direction

  • As a live fence

  • As a green manure

  • Activity of the field mice and crabs is very less in and around the root zones of Gliricedia.










Pre-Rice Green Manuring





  • Before Paddy

  • 45-60 days standing crop.

  • Incorporate during flowering

  • Sun Hemp for rain-fed areas with bullock users.

  • Daincha for water logging and heavy rain fall areas.

  • Mung, black gram, cowpea, horse gram can be grown

  • Niger and cocks comb as potash rich green manures.









Post-Rice Green Manuring








  • After paddy

  • Green manure grown along with the summer crops like Mung, black gram, cowpea, sesame etc.

  • 6-7 months standing

  • Daincha grow 14 ft, sun hemp upto 10 ft but tractors needed for incorporation.

  • Monocots, dicots, spices, oil seeds, millets all mixed can be grown along with the summer semi-crops

  • Road side weeds like indigos, Crotalaria striata, cassias are found to be the best.

  • One post rice = 3 times of pre-rice green manuring and can fill 4 inches of soil with organic matter.

  • In 2- 3 years any degraded soil can be conditioned.

  • This is the easiest, fastest, cheapest way to enrich the soil.










U dream green will deliver





  • Fertilizer

  • Pests-Fungus

  • Weed

  • Cultivation

  • Water

  • Aeration

  • Food

  • Micro climate




  • Humus

  • Erosion

  • Fencing

  • Fire

  • Wind

  • Sun scorching

  • Snails

  • Alkalinity

  • Rats-crabs & more







Feel all your senses




Cover crops always should feed our

Home needs , food for birds and animals


    • Income must bear the expenses of the farm

    • It should minimize the maintenance cost, labour and time.

    • Target to get main crop with least maintenance

    • Entering into an Ideal farm we should always feel,

conditioned air

aroma of soil, flowers, fruits

colorful creatures,

varieties of seeds, vegetables, fruits to taste

noise of bees, birds, animals, as in the forest

tak tak --- Zeakh h Zeakh










Some leguminous species








  • Calliandra, centrosema, crotalarias, Desmodium, Dolichos lab lab, gliricedia, indigofera, Mucuna utilis (velvet bean), phaseolus, sesbanias (over 300 varieties), Stylosanthes, Tephrosia, Vignas to mention a few

  • Flame of the forest, Dalbergia sissoo, Dalbergia latifolia (Rose wood), Red sandal wood, Indian kino, Pongamia pinnata are some among leguminous trees.

  • Clitoria ternata, liquorice root, Abrus pruriens, Mucuna pruriens, Pueraria tuberosa, babchi, Sesbania grandiflora, Desmodium gangetium, Psuedarthrea viscida, Desmodium motorum, Desmodium trifolium, Indigofera tinctoria are some of the leguminous medicinal varieties.

  • Fenugreek is one among the spices

  • Velvet beans and sun hemp are found to be the most important tools in green manuring.











Seed sources

IGFRI


INDIAN GRASSLAND AND FODDER RESEARCH INSTITUTE

Gwalior road, Jhansi-284 003. U.P.

Regional stations Dharwad(Kar), Aviknagar(Raj), Palampur(HP), Srinagar(J&K).
BAIF

Dr.Manibhai Desai Nagar, National Highway NO.4,WARZE, Pune-411029,Maharashtra.


NATIONAL RESEARCH CENTRE FOR WEED SCIENCES

Maharajpur, Adhartal, Jabalpur-482 004,M.P.


RUBBER BOARD,

Kottayam-686 002, Kerala state.


KERALA LIVE STOCK DEVELOPMENT BOARD

Seed unit, Dhoni P.O, Palakkad-678 009 Kerala












Best time to visit my farm

Horticulture (Jul-Aug)


Paddy

Green manure (Jun-Jul)

Paddy crop (Nov-Dec)
Summer crop with green manures (Mar – Apr)

B. N. Nandish

Churchigundi – 577214

Shikaripura taluk

Shimoga district

Karnataka state I N D I A



Ph: 08187-243212 98455 53078

E mail : legumelogic@gmail.com







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