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Samuel Osmond is a 19-year-old law student from Cornwall, England. He never studied the piano


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2014高考试题】

1.(2014广东卷)A

Samuel Osmond is a 19-year-old law student from Cornwall, England. He never studied the piano. However, he can play very difficult musical pieces by musicians such as Chopin and Beethoven just a few minutes after he hears them. He learns a piece of music by listening to it in parts. Then he thinks about the notes in his head. Two years ago, he played his first piece Moonlight Sonata(奏鸣曲)by Beethoven. He surprised everyone around him.

Amazed that he remembered this long and difficult piece of music and played it perfectly, his teachers say Samuel is unbelievable .They say his ability is very rare, but Samuel doesn’t even realize that what he can do is special. Samuel wanted to become a lawyer as it was the wish of his parents, but music teachers told him he should study music instead. Now, he studies law and music.

Samuel can’t understand why everyone is so surprised. “I grew up with music. My mother played the piano and my father played the guitar. About two years ago, I suddenly decided to start playing the piano, without being able to read music and without having any lessons. It comes easily to me ---I hear the notes and can bear them in mind---each and every note,” says Samuel.

Recently, Samuel performed a piece during a special event at his college. The piece had more than a thousand notes. The audience was impressed by his amazing performance. He is now learning a piece that is so difficult that many professional pianists can’t play it. Samuel says confidently,” It’s all about super memory---I guess I have that gift.”

However, Samuel’s ability to remember things doesn’t stop with music. His family says that even when he was a young boy, Samuel heard someone read a story, and then he could retell the story word for word.

Samuel is still only a teenager. He doesn’t know what he wants to do in the future. For now, he is just happy to play beautiful music and continue his studies.



  1. What is special about Samuel Osmond?

A. He has a gift for writing music.

B. He can write down the note he hears.

C. He is a top student at the law school.

D. He can play the musical piece he hears.



  1. What can we learn from Paragraph 2?

  1. Samuel chose law against the wish of his parents.

B. Samuel planned to be a lawyer rather than a musician.

C. Samuel thinks of himself as a man of great musical ability.

D. Samuel studies law and music on the advice of his teachers.


  1. Everyone around Samuel was surprised because he _________.

  1. received a good early education in music

  2. played the guitar and the piano perfectly

  3. could play the piano without reading music

  4. could play the guitar better than his father

  1. What can we infer about Samuel in Paragraph 4?

  1. He became famous during a special event at his college.

  2. He is proud of his ability to remember things accurately.

  3. He plays the piano better than many professional pianists.

  4. He impressed the audience by playing all the musical pieces.

  1. Which of the following is the best title of the passage?

  1. The Qualities of a Musician

  2. The Story of a Musical Talent

  3. The Importance of Early Education

  4. The Relationship between Memory and Music.

本句可知他原来计划是学习法律的。故B正确。

2.(2014江西卷) A

Larry was on another of his underwater expeditions(探险)but this time, it was different. He decided to take his daughter along with him. She was only ten years old. This would be her first trip with her father on what he had always been famous for.

Larry first began diving when he was his daughter’s age. Similarly, his father had taken him along on one of his expeditions. Since then, he had never looked back. Larry started out by renting diving suits from the small diving shop just along the shore. He had hated them. They were either too big or too small. Then, there was the instructor. He gave him a short lesson before allowing him into the water with his father. He had made an exception. Larry would never have been able to go down without at least five hours of theory and another similar number of hours on practical lessons with a guide. Children his age were not even allowed to dive.

After the first expedition, Larry’s later diving adventures only got better and better. There was never a dull moment. In his black and blue suit and with an oxygen tank fastened on his back, Larry dived from boats into the middle of the ocean. Dangerous areas did not prevent him from continuing his search. Sometimes, his was limited to a cage underwater but that did not bother him. At least, he was still able to take photographs of the underwater creatures.

Larry’s first expedition without his father was in the Cayman Islands.There were numerous diving spots in the area and Larry was determined to visit all of them .Fortunately for him,a man offered to take him around the different spots for free. Larry didn’t even know what the time was how many spots he dived into or how many photographs he had taken.The diving spots afforded such a wide array of fish and sea creatures that Larry saw more than thirty varieties of creatures.

Larry looked at his daughter.She looked as excited as he had been when he was her age.He hoped she would be able to continue the family tradition.Already,she looked like she was much braver than had been then.This was the key to a successful underwater expedition.

56.In what way was this expedition different for Larry?

A.His daughter had grown up.

B.He had become a famous diver.

C.His father would dive with him.

D.His daughter would dive with him.

57.What can be inferred from Paragraph2?

A.Larry had some privileges.

B. Larry liked the rented diving suits.

C.Divers had to buy diving equipment.

D.Ten-year-old children were permitted to dive.

58.Why did Larry have to stay in a cage underwater sometimes?

A.To protect himself from danger.

B.To dive into the deep water.

C.To admire the underwater view.

D.To take photo more conveniently.

59.What can be learned from the underlined sentence?

A.Larry didn’t wear a watch.

B. Larry was not good at math.

C. Larry had a poor memory.

D. Larry enjoyed the adventure.

60.What did Larry expect his daughter to do?

A.Become a successful diver.

B. Make a good diving guide.

C. Take a lot of photos underwater.

D. Have longer hours of training.

60. 【答案】A

【解析】推理题。根据文章最后一段1,2行Larry looked at his daughter.She looked as excited as he had been when he was her age.He hoped she would be able to continue the family tradition.可知他希望女儿能够继续家庭的传统。他的父亲是一名潜水员,他也是。那么他也希望自己的女儿也成为一名成功的潜水员。故A正确。

【长难句解析】

This would be her first trip with her father on what he had always been famous for.



【翻译】这将是他第一次和他父亲在他很出名的领域里一起旅游。

【分析】本句中的介词on后面有一个宾语从句what he had always been famous for.,what引导起这个宾语从句,并在句中充当介词for的宾语。

3.(2014山东卷)C

Elizabeth Freeman was born about 1742 to African American parents who were slaves. At the age of six months she was acquired, along with her sister, by John Ashley, a wealthy Massachusetts slaveholders. She became known as “Mumbet” or “Mum Bett.”

For nearly 30 years Mumbet served the Ashley family. One day, Ashley’s wife tried to strike Mumbet’s sister with a spade. Mumbet protected her sister and took the blow instead. Furious, she left the house and refused to come back. When the Ashleys tried to make her return, Mumbet consulted a lawyer, Theodore Sedgewick. With his help, Mumbet sued(起诉) for her freedom.

While serving the Ashleys, Mumbet had listened to many discussions of the new Massachusetts constitution. If the constitution said that all people were free and equal, then she thought it should apply to her. Eventually, Mumbet won her freedom---- the first slave in Massachusetts to do so under the new constitution.

Strangely enough, after the trial, the Ashleys asked Mumbet to come back and work for them as a paid employee. She declined and instead went to work for Segdewick. Mumbet died in 1829, but her legacy lived on in her many descendants(后裔). One of her great-grandchildren was W.E.B. Du Bois, one of the founder of the NAACP, and an important writer and spokesperson for African American civil rights.

Mumbet’s tombstone still stands in the Massachusetts cemetery where she was buried. It reads, in part: “She was born a slave and remained a slave and remained a slave for nearly thirty years. She could neither read nor write, yet in her own sphere she had no superior or equal.”

51. What do we know about Mumbet according to Paragraph 1?

A. She was born a slave B. She was a slaveholder

C. She had a famous sister D. She was born into a rich family

52. Why did Mumbet run away from the Ashleys?

A. She found an employer B. She wanted to be a lawyer

C. She was hit and got angry D. She had to take care of her sister

53. What did Mumbet learn from discussions about the new consititution?

A. She should always obey her owners’ orders

B. She should be as free and equal as whites

C. How to be a good servant

D. How to apply for a job

54. What did Mumbet do after the trial?

A. She chose to work for a lawyer

B. She found the NAACP

C. She continued to serve the Ashleys

D. She went to live with her grandchildren

55. What is the test mainly about?

A. A story of a famous writer and spokesperson

B. The friendship between a lawyer and a slave

C. The life of a brave African American woman

D. A trial that shocked the whole world

53. 【答案】B

【解析】推理题。根据文章第三段前3行While serving the Ashleys, Mumbet had listened to many discussions of the new Massachusetts constitution. If the constitution said that all people were free and equal, then she thought it should apply to her.可知她一直在了解与宪法有关的内容,目的是为了获得和白人一样的平等权利。故B正确。



2013高考试题】

(2013·新课标Ⅱ卷)A

Doctor are known to be terrible pilots. They don't listen because they already know it all. I was lucky: I became a pilot in 1970, almost ten years before I graduated from medical school. I didn't realize then, but becoming a pilot makes me a better surgeon. I loved flying. As I flew bigger, faster planes, and in worse weather. I learned about crew resource management (机组资源管理), or CRM, a new idea to make flying safer. It means that crew members should listen and speak up for a good result, regardless of positions.

I first read about CRM in 1980. Not long after that, an attending doctor and I were flying in bad weather. The controller had us turn too late to get our landing ready. The attending doctor was flying; I was safety pilot He was so busy because of the bad turn, he had forgotten to put the landing gear (起落架) down. He was a better pilot - and my boss - so it felt unusual to speak up. But I had to: Our lives were in danger. I put aside my uneasiness and said, "We need to put the landing gear down now!" That was my first real lesson in the power of CRM, and I've used it in the operating room ever since.

CRM requires that the pilot/surgeon encourage others to speak up. It further requires that when opinions are from the opposite, the doctor doesn't overreact, which might prevent fellow doctors from voicing opinions again. So when I'm in the operating room, I ask for ideas and help from others. Sometimes they're not willing to speak up. But I hope that if I continue to encourage them , someday someone will keep me from “landing gear up”.

36.What dose the author say about doctors in general?

A. They like flying by themselves.

B. They are unwilling to take advice.

C. They pretend to be good pilots.

D. They are quick learners of CRM.

【小题36】细节理解题。根据第一行的Doctor are known to be terrible pilots. They don't listen because they already know it all.可知,作者总体上认为doctors不喜欢倾听,他们认为他们什么都懂。故选B。

37.The author deepened his understanding of the power of CRM when_______.

A. he saved the plane by speaking up

B. he was in charge of a flying task

C. his boss landed the plane too late

D. his boss operated on a patient

【小题37】细节理解题。根据第二段最后一句That was my first real lesson in the power of CRM,...可知,作者在经历了一次飞行,给上级提了意见之后,对CRM有了更深的理解,故选A。

38.In the last paragraph”landing gear up” probably means ______.

A.following flying requirements.

B.overreacting to different opinions.

C.listening to what fellow doctors say

D.making a mistake that may cost lives



39.Which of the following can be the best title for the text?

A.CRM:A New Way to Make Flying Safe

B.Flying Makes Me a Better Doctor

C.The Making of a Good Pilot

D.A Pilot-Tumed Doctor

【小题39】主旨大意题。作者通过当飞行员的经历,学到了CRM,并运用到了自己的工作中,文章主要讲的是CRM带给作者的好处,B项“飞行使我成为一个更好的医生”最符合题意,故选B。

(2013·大纲卷)A

Doctor are known to Be terriBle pilots. They don't listen Because they already know it all. I was lucky: 】Became a pilot in 1970, almost ten years Before I graduated from medical school. I didn't realize then, But Becoming a pilot makes me a Better surgeon. I loved flying. As I flew Bigger, faster planes, and in worse weather. I learned aBout crew resource management (机组资源管理), or CRM, a new idea to make flying safer. It means that crew memBers should listen and speak up for a good result, regardless of positions.

I first read aBout CRM in 1980. Not long after that, an attending doctor and I were flying in Bad weather. The controller had us turn too late to get our landing ready. The attending doctor was flying; I was safety pilot He was so Busy Because of the Bad turn, he had forgotten to put the landing gear (起落架) down. He was a Better pilot - and my Boss - so it felt unusual to speak up. But I had to: Our lives were in danger. I put aside my uneasiness and said, "We need to put the landing gear down now!" That was my first real lesson in the power of CRM, and I've used it in the operating room ever since.

CRM requires that the pilot/surgeon encourage others to speak up. It further requires that when opinions are from the opposite, the doctor doesn't overreact, which might prevent fellow doctors from voicing opinions again. So when I'm in the operating room, I ask for ideas and help from others. Sometimes they're not willing to speak up. But I hope that if I continue to encourage them , someday someone will keep me from ”landing gear up”.

56.What dose the author say aBout doctors in general?

A. They like flying By themselves.

B. They are unwilling to take advice.

C. They pretend to Be good pilots.

D. They are quick learners of CRM.

57.The author deepened his understanding of the power of CRM when_______.

A. he saved the plane By speaking up

B. he was in charge of a flying task

C. his Boss landed the plane too late

D. his Boss operated on a patient

58.In the last paragraph”landing gear up” proBaBly means ______.

A.following flying requirements.

B.overreacting to different opinions.

C.listening to what fellow doctors say

D.making a mistake that may cost lives

59.Which of the following can Be the Best title for the text?

A.CRM:A New Way to Make Flying Safe

B.Flying Makes Me a Better Doctor

C.The Making of a Good Pilot

D.A Pilot-Tumed Doctor



(2013·江西卷)第二节完形填空(共20小题,每小题1.5分,满分30分)

阅读下面短文,掌握其段落大意,然后从36至55各题所给的四个选项A.B.C和D,选出最佳选项,并在答题卡上将该项涂黑。

Diane Ray was completely self-centered and very spoilt. Her parents gave her 36 she wanted, knowing that she would throw a temper tantrum(耍小孩脾气)if they did not. She would scream and kick and 37 on the floor drumming her heels. Her parents always 38 .

That was why she was alone on the 39 , wearing an expensive swimsuit. It has taken a massive tantrum to 40 her parents to buy it. They were back at the beach-house, 41 from the tantrum she had thrown when they told her that it was too dangerous to go diving 42 . “Dangerous?” she had said. “You just don’t want me to have 43 . I’m going and if you try to stop me, I’ll scream.”

“What are you doing ?” a voice asked. Diane jumped. She did not know that the man was there 44 he spoke .

“I’m going diving, ” she answered.

“You shouldn’t swim that day, ” the man 45 . “There is a storm coming up.”

“You should mind your own 46 !” Diane replied and walked into the gentle waves.

“If you go out there you’ll be 47 ,” the man called after her. She did not bother to reply.

Diane slipped into the water and dived 48 until white caps began rolling in and it became harder to 49 against the current (水流). Saltwater hit against her face, making it 50 to breathe. Oh, why had she not listened to advice.

Panicking, she began to 51 . Then, just as it seemed as if she would slip beneath the surface, she heard a 52 voice. “Hold on ! I’m coming.” With 53 , she saw the old man rowing an ancient-looking boat towards her. “I hope you’ve learned a lesson. You put us both in 54 , ” he shouted angrily, as he dragged her over the side of the 55 . Gratefully, Diane thanked him and ran towards the beach-house.

36. A. either B. neither C. nothing D. everything

37. A. jump B. lie C. spin D. sleep

38. A. set out B. set in C. gave in D. gave out

39. A. beach B. bed C. floor D. ship

40. A. allow B. warn C. get D. prefer

41. A. changing B. recovering C. appearing D. traveling

42. A. alone B. away C. again D. aside

43. A. time B. money C. food D. fun

44. A. when B. until C. after D. once

45. A. decided B. intended C. advised D. repeated

46. A. business B. swimsuit C. friends D. parents

47. A. angry B. sorry C. confused D. excited

48. A. nervously B. sadly C. shyly D. happily

49. A. rise B. swim C. stop D. row

50. A. difficult B. easy C. comfortable D. suitable

51. A. speak B. sing C. sniff D. scream

52. A. calm B. frightening C. beautiful D. disgusting

53. A. regret B. relief C. interest D. ease

54. A. power B. safety C.. danger D. thought

55. A. house B. wave C. beach D. boat
【语篇解读】主人公Diane Ray是个任性执拗的女孩。父母对其无奈。多亏有好人相助,使她在一次游泳中化险为夷。这也给了她一个实实在在的教训!

36. D 由上文Diane Ray was … very spoilt.(受宠)以及下文…knowing that she would throw a temper tantrum if they did not。可以推测:她想要什么,父母亲给她什么。



48. D Diane Ray不顾危险独自下水了,并且游得很起劲。此时危险来临。D选项符合逻辑。A 选项nervously(紧张地),干扰最大。但联系上文Diane任性的个性。她不听劝告,显然不会意识到危险性的存在。所以A选项排除。B,C选项不符文意。

(2013·山东卷)B

George Gershwin, born in 1998, was one of America’s greatest composers. He published his first song when he was eighteen years old. During the next twenty years he wrote more than five hundred songs.

Many of Gershwin’s songs were first written for musical plays performed in theatres in New York City. These plays were a popular form of entertainment in the 1920s and 1930s. Many of his songs have remained popular as ever. Over the years they have been sung and played in every possible way — from jazz to country.

In the 1920s there was a debate in the United States about jazz music. Could jazz, some people asked, be considered serious music? In 1924 jazz musician and orchestra leader Paul Whiteman decided to organize a special concert to show that jazz was serious music. Gershwin agreed to compose something for the concert before he realized he had just a few weeks to do it. And in that short time, he composed a piece for piano and orchestra which he called Rhapsody in Blue. Gershwin himself played the piano at the concert. The audience were thrilled when they heard his music. It made him world-famous and showed that jazz music could be both serious and popular.

In 1928, Gershwin went to Paris. He applied to study composition (作曲)with the well-known musician Nadia Boulanger, but she rejected him. She was afraid that classical study would ruin his jazz-influenced style. While there, Gershwin wrote An American in Paris. When it was first performed, critics (评论家)were divided over the music. Some called it happy and full of life, to others it was silly and boring. But it quickly became popular in Europe and the United States. It still remains one of his most famous works.

George Gershwin died in 1937, just days after doctors learned he had brain cancer. He was only thirty-nine years old. Newspapers all over the world reported his death on their front pages. People mourned the loss of the man and all the music he might have still written.

61. Many of Gershwin’s musical works were ________ .

A. written about New Yorkers B. Composed for Paul Whiteman

C. played mainly in the countryside D. performed in various ways

62. What do we know about the concert organized by Whiteman?

A. It attracted more people to theatres B. It proved jazz could be serious music

C. It made Gershwin leader of the orchestra D. It caused a debate among jazz musicians.

63. What did Gershwin do during his stay in Paris?

A. He created one of his best works B. He studied with Nadia Boulanger

C. He argued with French critics D. He changed his music style

64. What do we learn from the last paragraph?

A. Many of Gershwin’s works were lost

B. The death of Gershwin was widely reported

C. A concert was held in memory of Gershwin

D. Brain cancer research started after Gershwin’s death.

65. Which of the following best describes Gershwin?

A. Talented and productive B. Serious and boring

C. popular and unhappy D. Friendly and honest

64.【答案】B

(2013·重庆卷)B



One of the greatest gifts one generation can give to other generations is the wisdom it has gained from experience. This idea has inspired the award-winning photographer Andrew Zuckerman. He interviewed and took photos of fifty over-sixty-five-year-olds all over the world. His project explores various aspects of their lives. The photos and interviews are now available on our website.

Click on the introductions to read the complete interviews.



Let us now have a culture of peace.

—Federico Mayor Zaragoza, Spain

Federico Mayor Zaragoza obtained a doctorate in pharmacy(药学) from the Complutense University of Madrid in 1958. After many years spent in politics, he became Director-General of UNESCO in 1987. In 1999, he created the Foundation for a Culture of Peace, of which he is now the president. In addition to many scientific publications, he has published four collections of poems and several books of essays.


Writing is a discovery.

—Nadine Gordlmer, South Africa

Due to a weak heart, Nadine Gordimer attended school and university briefly. She read widely and began writing at an early age. She published her first short story at the age of fifteen, and has completed a large number of works, which have been translated into forty languages. In 1991, Gordimer won the Nobel Prize for Literature.


Jazz is about the only form of art today.

—Dave Brubeck, USA

Dave Brubeck studied music at the University of the Pacific and graduated in 1942. After World War Two he was encouraged to play jazz. In 1951, he recorded his first album(专辑). Brubeck’s 1959 album has become a jazz standard. He received a Grammy lifetime Achievement Award in 1996.




For more figures CLICK HERE.

60. Why did Andrew Zuckerman choose the fifty elders for his project?

A. Because their wisdom deserves to be passed on.

B. Because they are physically impressive.

C. Because their accomplishments inspired him.

D. Because they have similar experiences.

61. According to the web page, Federico Mayor Zaragoza_____.

A. has won many awards for his work in politics

B. has served as the president of a university

C. has devoted all his life to the field of science

D. has made achievements in different areas

62. Who most probably said “My education has been the library and books” in the interview when reflecting on his/her experience?

A. Andrew Zuckerman.

B. Federico Mayor Zaragoza.

C. Nadine Gordimer.

D. Dave Brubeck.

63. What is the main purpose of this web page?

A. To show Zuckerman’s awards.

B. To publicize Zuckerman’s project.

C. To spread the wisdom of the three people.

D. To celebrate the achievements of the three people.



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