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Questions For Court to Hear Case


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Questions For Court to Hear Case:

For a court to hear a case there must be (I) justiciability, (II) subject matter jurisdiction, (III) personal jurisdiction, (IV) sufficient notice, (V) correct forum, and (VI) proper venue.


A. Law vs. Equity; p. 4


B. Questions Asked in Federal & State Court; p. 4

C. Final Judgment and Interlocutory Appeal Rules/ Pre-Trial Stays; p. 4


I. Justiciabiltiy; p. 5

  1. Policy; p. 5

    1. Res judicata

    2. Motion to dismiss (Rule 12)

    3. 12(b)(6) dismissal for failure to state a claim

  2. Standing; p. 5

    1. Ex-Cello-O; p. 6

    2. Bennett; p. 6

    3. Raines v. Byrd; p. 6

  3. Political Questions; p. 6

    1. Orlando v. Laird (Vietnam); p. 7

    2. JCs v. Quirk; p. 7

  4. Hypothetical Questions

    1. Resolution; p. 7

  5. Timing

    1. DeFunis (law school); p. 7

    2. Declaratory Judgment Act; p. 7

      1. Aetna; p. 7

      2. CA Tax/ERISA; p. 8

II. Subject Matter Jurisdiction; p. 8



  1. General

  2. Diversity Jurisdiction (§1332); p. 8

    1. Strawbridge (complete diversity); p. 8

  3. Determining Citizenship; p. 9

    1. Carden v. Arkoma (limited partnership); p. 10

    2. Rose v. Giamatti; p. 10

    3. Zahn; p. 11

  4. Jurisdiction Arising Under Federal Question (§1331); p. 11

    1. RR v. Mottley; p. 11

    2. Well pleaded complaint rule; p. 12

    3. Holmes Test; p. 12

    4. Bank; p. 12

    5. Merrell Dow; p. 13

  5. Supplemental Jurisdiction (§1367); p. 13

    1. Pendent Jurisdiction

      1. Mine Union; p. 13

    2. Ancillary Jurisdiction

      1. Moore v. NY Cotton Exchange; p. 14

      2. Kroger; p. 14

      3. Finley (plane crash); p. 14

  6. Removal Jurisdiction (§1441); p. 15

  7. Challenging Subject Matter Jurisdiction; p. 16

    1. Direct Attack

    2. Collateral Attack

Chart: Challenges to Personal Jurisdiction; p. 16A


III. Personal Jurisdiction; p. 17

1. Several Types



    1. In personam; p. 17

      1. Presence: Served on Plane (transient presence)

      2. Immunity Defense (attorneys)

      3. Fraud

      4. Domicile

      5. Citizenship: Teapot Dome Scandal

    2. In rem; p. 18

    3. Quasi in rem (I and II); p. 18

      1. Pennoyer; p. 19

      2. Hess (PA ran over MA guy); p. 19

      3. Carnival Cruise; p. 20

    4. Two Theories

      1. General jurisdiction; p. 20

        1. Flexner v. Farson; p. 20

        2. International Shoe; p. 20

        3. minimum contacts test; p. 20

        4. Helicopteros; p. 21

      2. Specific jurisdiction; p. 22

        1. McGee (life insurance); p. 22

        2. Gray v. Titan (radiator); p. 22

        3. Hanson v. Denckla (trustee); p. 23

        4. WW VW; p. 24

        5. Kuloko (wife in CA); p. 24

        6. Hustler; p. 24

        7. Irish Insurance; p. 25

        8. Asahi; p. 25

        9. Burger King; p. 25

        10. Haris v. Bulk (debts); p. 25

        11. Shaffer (Grayhound); p. 26

        12. Burnham (wife in CA); p. 26

IV. Summonses, Service, and Notice (Rule 4); p. 27



  1. Omni; p. 28

  2. Mullane v. Central Bank (common trust); p. 29

V. Correct Forum; p. 29



  1. Forum Non Conveniens

    1. Piper; p. 30

    2. Union Carbide (India Gas); p. 30

  2. Whose Law Applies?; p. 31

    1. Allstate (WI or MI law); p. 31

    2. Swift; p. 32

    3. B&W Taxi; p. 32

    4. Erie; p. 33

    5. Klaxon; p. 34

VI. Proper Venue; p. 35



  1. Venue

    1. Hoffman; p. 35

    2. Van Dusen; p. 35

Ferens v. John Dear; p. 36

A. Law v. Equity

Law


  • Back in the day, the Chancellor who made writs (“what would happen if . . .”) and then a jury was called by a sheriff to find the facts

  • Only cases here have a right to trial by jury, these can award monetary damages.

Equity


  • Back in the day a chancellor (not a jury) decided all the facts and then issued a decree (an injunction), which granted specific justice.

  • Can also put people in jail (direct justice).

  • If you can be awarded monetary damages, then you can’t ask for an injunction.

  • If you have also done wrong, you can’t get relief for a wrong done to you here (the  can say the  has “unclean hands,” but the  could go to into court of law)

The federal system only has one court now, but it does both. Delaware still keeps them separate: corporations go to courts of equity (they don’t do much else than corporate cases).



B. Questions Asked in Federal & State Court


Federal Court:

  • Statute or rules: did Congress do it?

  • Constitutional question: can Congress do it?

  • Limited jurisdiction
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