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Oversigt over storm og ekstrem vind i Danmark


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Oversigt over storm og ekstrem vind i Danmark
Af Seniorklimatolog John Cappelen, Data og Klima, DMI
Nedenfor opføres allerede foreliggende DMI opgørelser og analyser ang. storm og ekstrem vind over dansk landområde til Klimatilpasningsportalen klimatilpasning.dk – KFT leverance nr. 38.


1) DMI Facts: Stormliste 1

2) DMI Klimatema: Vind i Danmark 5

3) dmi.dk Facts: Klimaekstremer i Danmark siden 1874 6

4) DMI Rapport: Observed Wind Speed and Direction in Denmark - with Climatological Standard Normals, 1961-90/ Observeret vindhastighed og -retning i Danmark – med klimanormaler 1961-90 (Dansk og Engelsk) 7

5) dmi.dk Tema: Tre vinterstorme 1999-2000 13

6) dmi.dk Tema: Orkanen 3. december 1999 13

7) DMI rapport: Orkanen over Danmark den 3-4. december 1999 14

8) dmi.dk Facts: Beaufort-skala 14

9) dmi.dk Tema: Stormfloder 15

10) DMI Rapport: Stormfloder 16

11) DMI Tema: Skypumper 16

12) Baggrundsartikel: Tornadoer og skypumper 16





1) DMI Facts: Stormliste


Storms in Denmark since 1891 (English only)

http://www.dmi.dk/dmi/storme-2.pdf

Nøgleord: Historisk stormklassifikation, Danmark, vindhastighed, vindretning, ekstremvind, snestorm
Siden 1891 er alle kraftige blæsevejr, der har ramt Danmark, klassificeret mht. styrke og

vindretning, samt om der har været snefald indblandet. De er alle vist i figuren og de fire største storme er markeret i gråt.


STORMS IN DENMARK SINCE 1891

Period

Days Year

Remarks

Classification

Date Index

4-5/1

1891

Snow storm

5/1-1891

*2

10-11/12

1891




11/12-1891

SW2

24-25/6

1892




25/6-1892

W1

12/2

1894




12/2-1894

W2

25-25/3

1895

Strong storm

25/3-1895

W3

6-7/12

1895




7/12-1895

W2

30-31/1

1898




31/1-1898

W2

24-25/3

1898




25/3-1898

E2

11-12/5

1898




12/5-1898

W1

14/7

1898

Jylland

14/7-1898

NW2

24-25/7

1898




25/7-1898

NW1

31/8

1898




31/8-1898

W1

17/10

1898




17/10-1898

E1

18/10

1898




18/10-1898

E1

19/10

1898




19/10-1898

E1

2-3/12

1898




3/12-1898

SW1

10-11/12

1898




11/12-1898

W1

27/12

1898




27/12-1898

SW1

17/8

1899




17/8-1899

W1

22-23/9

1899




23/9-1899

W1

24/11

1899




24/11-1899

W1

16-17/2

1900

Snow storm

17/2-1900

*1

17-18/2

1900

Snow storm

18/2-1900

*1

25-26/12

1902

Hurricane-like (The “1902 Christmas” Storm)

26/12-1902

w4

17/1

1905




17/1-1905

SE1

31/1

1905




31/1-1905

W1

27-28/11

1905

Nordjylland

28/11-1905

w2

13/3

1906




13/3-1906

W1

25/3

1906

Snow storm

25/3-1906

*1

28/3

1906




28/3-1906

W1

13/1

1907




13/1-1907

W1

21/2

1907




21/2-1907

W1

16/8

1907

Nordjylland

16/8-1907

W1

8/1

1908

Snow storm, Nordjylland

8/1-1908

*1

8/2

1908




8/2-1908

NW1

13/11

1909

Snow storm

13/11-1909

*1

3-4/12

1909

Snow storm

3/12-1909

*se1

20/12

1909




20/12-1909

W2

24-25/1

1910

Snow storm

25/1-1910

*1

25-26/1

1910

Snow storm

26/1-1910

*1

24-25/2

1911




25/2-1911

W2

5-6/11

1911

Strong storm

6/11-1911

W3

14/12

1912




14/12-1912

W2

31/1

1913




31/1-1913

S2

19/11

1913




19/11-1913

W2

4/12

1913




4/12-1913

SW2

28/9

1914




28/9-1914

W2

24/12

1915

Snow storm, Jylland

24/12-1915

*1

15/1

1916




15/1-1916

W1

16/2

1916

Strong storm, Sydvestjylland

16/2-1916

w3

24/12

1916




24/12-1916

X1

8/3

1917




8/3-1917

E2

14/9

1917




14/9-1917

W1

21/9

1917




21/9-1917

W1

13/10

1917




13/10-1917

W1

25/10

1917




25/10-1917

W1

27/11

1917




27/11-1917

W1

23/8

1918

Nordjylland

23/8-1918

w1

29/1

1920




29/1-1920

SE1

19/1

1921




19/1-1921

NW1

22/1

1921




22/1-1921

W1

18/6

1921




18/6-1921

NW1

23-24/10

1921

Hurricane-like, The “Ulvsund” storm

24/10-1921

n4

1-2/11

1921




2/11-1921

W1

17-18/12

1921




18/12-1921

W2

31/12

1921

Strong storm

31/12-1921

W3

20/9

1922




20/9-1922

W1

30/8

1923




30/8-1923

w1

9-10/10

1923




10/10-1923

W1

16/12

1923




16/12-1923

W2

24/12

1923

Snow storm, The “Christmas” snow storm

24/12-1923

*1

10/9

1924




10/9-1924

W2

2-3/1

1925




3/1-1925

W1

14/6

1925




14/6-1925

W1

4/11

1925

The southern parts of Denmark

4/11-1925

w2

10/10

1926

The southern parts of Denmark

10/10-1926

w2

2-3/10

1927

Strong storm

3/10-1927

W3

24/11

1928




24/11-1928

W1

11-12/10

1929

The southern parts of Denmark

12/10-1929

w2

9/10

1930




9/10-1930

W1

8-9/7

1931

Strong storm, the southeastern parts of Denmark

9/7-1931

sw3

11/10

1933

Strong storm, Jylland

11/10-1933

SW3

8/2

1934

Strong storm, Jylland

8/2-1934

NW3

27/10

1936




27/10-1936

SW1

19/1

1937




19/1-1937

E2

24/11

1938




24/11-1938

SW2

23-24/8

1940




24/8-1940

NW1

3/5

1944




3/5-1944

W1

24/2

1946

Snow storm

24/2-1946

*1

1/3

1947

Snow storm

1/3-1947

*1

7/3

1947

Snow storm

7/3-1947

*1

13/3

1947

Snow storm

13/3-1947

*1

1/3

1949

Snow storm

1/3-1949

*1

24/10

1949

Strong storm

24/10-1949

W3

26/10

1949

Strong storm

26/10-1949

W3

6/1

1950

Snow storm

6/1-1950

*1

28/5

1951

The eastern parts of Denmark

28/5-1951

ne1

1/12

1951

Nordjylland

1/12-1951

w2

28/1

1953

The “Holland” storm

28/1-1953

W1

11/2

1953

Snow storm

11/2-1953

*1

21/2

1953




21/2-1953

W2

16/1

1954




16/1-1954

W1

20/1

1954




20/1-1954

W1

21/1

1956




21/1-1956

W2

7-8/12

1959




8/12-1959

E1

26-27/3

1961




27/3-1961

NW1

12/2

1962




12/2-1962

W1

16-17/2

1962

The “Hamborg” storm

17/2-1962

NW2

25/6

1962




25/6-1962

NW1

23/2

1967




23/2-1967

W1

17-18/10

1967

Hurricane-like

18/10-1967

w4

15-16/1

1968

Strong storm

16/1-1968

W3

22/9

1969




22/9-1969

W2

21/11

1971

Snow storm

21/11-1971

*2

19/11

1973

Strong storm

19/11-1973

NW3

26/1

1975




26/1-1975

w2

3/1

1976

Hurricane-like, Sydvestjylland

3/1-1976

w4

24/12

1977

The southern parts of Denmark

24/12-1977

w2

28/12

1978

Snow storm, the southern parts of Denmark

28/12-1978

*1

29/12

1978

Snow storm, the southern parts of Denmark

29/12-1978

*2

30/12

1978

Snow storm, strong, the southern parts of Denmark

30/12-1978

*3

31/12

1978

Snow storm, the southern parts of Denmark

31/12-1978

*2

1/1

1979

Snow storm, the southern parts of Denmark

1/1-1979

*2

2/1

1979

Snow storm, the southern parts of Denmark

2/1-1979

*2

3/1

1979

Snow storm, the southern parts of Denmark

3/1-1979

*1

4/1

1979

Snow storm, the southern parts of Denmark

4/1-1979

*1

21/8

1980




21/8-1980

W1

8/2

1981




8/2-1981

W2

2/11

1981




2/11-1981

W2

20-21/11

1981




21/11-1981

W1

24-25/11

1981

Hurricane

25/11-1981

W4

18/1

1983

Hurricane-like

18/1-1983

w4

13/1

1984

Hurricane-like

13/1-1983

w4

23/6

1984

The southern parts of Denmark

23/6-1984

w2

16-17/11

1984




17/11-1984

E1

6/9

1985




6/9-1985

W2

6/11

1985

Strong storm

6/11-1985

W3

2/12

1986




2/12-1986

W2

24/9

1988

The southern parts of Denmark

24/9-1988

w2

29/11

1988




29/11-1988

W2

14/2

1989

Vestjylland

14/2-1989

w2

25-26/1

1990

Hurricane-like

26/1-1990

sw4

26/2

1990

Hurricane-like

26/2-1990

w4

20/8

1990

The southwestern parts of Denmark

20/8-1990

w1

21/9

1990

Sydvestjylland

21/9-1990

w2

9/1

1991

Hurricane-like

9/1-1991

w4

22/5

1991




22/5-1991

W1

14/1

1993

Hurricane-like, the southern parts and Bornholm

14/1-1993

w3

22/1

1993




22/1-1993

W2

3/12

1999

Hurricane, mostly the southern parts of Denmark

3/12-1999

W4

17/12

1999




17/12-1999

sw1

29-30/1

2000

Strong storm

30/1-2000

W2

28-29/1

2002

The southernmost parts of Denmark

29/1-2002

W2

27-28/10

2002

The southern parts of Denmark

28/10-2002

nw1

6/12

2003

Storm, Kattegat and coastal areas of Nordsjælland

6/12-2003

n1

18/11

2004

Storm, few coastal areas

18/11-2004

w1

8/1

2005

Strong storm, Hurricane mostly the northern part of Jutland and the coastal western Jutland

8/1-2005

W3

27/10

2006

Storm, few coastal areas

27/10-2006

w1

1/11

2006

Storm, few coastal areas

1/11-2006

*n1

1/1

2007

Storm, few coastal areas

1/1-2007

w1

11-12/1

2007

Storm, few coastal areas

12/1-2007

w1

14/1

2007

Storm, few coastal areas

14/1-2007

w1

27/6

2007

The southernmost parts of Denmark

27/6-2007

w1

31/1-1/2

2008

Storm, few coastal areas

31/1-2008

sw1

22/2

2008

Storm, few coastal areas

22/2-2008

w1

1/3

2008

Storm, few coastal areas

1/3-2008

nw1

Classification of storms are based on mean wind speed (10 minutes averages)

N or n - wind from north

E or e - wind from east

S or s - wind from south

W or w - wind from west

X or x - variable wind direction

* or * - snow storm (no wind direction indicated in most cases)


Class 4

Capital Small

Class 3

Capital Small

Class 2

Capital Small

Class 1

Capital Small

Strong storm to hurricane,

> 28,5 m/s



Strong storm to hurricane,

> 28,5 m/s



Strong storm, (hurricane-like)

> 26,5 m/s



Strong storm (hurricane-like)

> 26,5 m/s



Storm,

> 24,5 m/s



Storm,

> 24,5 m/s



Stormy,

> 21 m/s


Stormy,

> 21 m/s


National

> 30%


Regional

10-30%


National

> 30%


Regional

10-30%


National

> 30%


Regional

10-30%


National

> 30%


Regional

10-30%



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