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Native plant society of texas


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NATIVE PLANT SOCIETY OF TEXAS
A Beginner’s List
Native Plants for Landscape Use

in Dallas and Fort Worth


Key:
E evergreen

D drought resistant in full sun with reflected heat

P tolerates poor drainage, can be used in parkways and other places where roots are confined and drainage periodically may be poor

S shade tolerant

B attracts birds or butterflies

F very showy in flower, fruit or fall foliage, FF indicates more than one showy characteristic

X Cross Timbers or Trinity sands only, not in the Blacklands or limestone
If a key letter is shown in parenthesis, the species usually, but not always, displays this trait. For example the key for Horseherb, Calyptocarpis vialis, is (E). This means that the plant may not be evergreen in unusually severe winters.
Common Name Key Scientific Name
Shade Trees

Caddo Maple (from Oklahoma) F Acer barbatum

Bigtooth Maple F Acer grandidentatum

Pecan B Carya illinoinensis

Common Persimmon (S)BF Diospyros virginiana

Texas Ash DPBF Fraxinus texensis

Southern Magnolia ESF Magnolia grandiflora

Loblolly Pine EX Pinus taeda

Mesquite DB(F) Prosopis glandulosa

Escarpment Live Oak ED Quercus fusiformis

Bur Oak D Quercus macrocarpa

Chinquapin Oak D Quercus muehlenbergii

Shumard Red Oak DF Quercus shumardii

Post Oak DX Quercus stellata

Texas Red Oak DF Quercus texana

Western Soapberry DSBF Sapindus drummondii

Bald Cypress PF Taxodium distichum

American Elm (local stock) DBF Ulmus Americana

Cedar Elm DPBF Ulmus crassifolia

Cottonwood DPF Populus deltoids

Native Plant Society of Texas P.O.Box 3017 Fredericksburg,Tx 78624 830-997-9272 coordinator@npsot.org

2
Small Trees

Wright Acacia DBF Acacia wrightii

Redbud (Eastern/Texas hybrid) DSBF Cercis candensis var. texensis

Mexican Redbud DBF Cercis candensis var. mexicana

Desert Willow DBF Chilopsis linearis

Roughleaf Dogwood PSBFF Cornus drummondii

American Smoke Tree BFF Cotinus obovatus

Arizona Cypress EB Cupressus arizonica

Texas Persimmon DB Diospyros texana

Possumhaw Holly PSBF Ilex decidua

Yaupon Holly EPSBF Ilex vomitoria

Ashe Juniper EDBF Juniperus ashei

Alligator Juniper EDB Juniperus deppeana

Eastern Red Cedar EDBF Juniperus virginiana

Goldenball Leadtree DBF Leucaena retusa

Wax Myrtle EPSB Myrica cerifera

Mesquite DB(F) Prosopis glandulosa

Cherry Laurel ESB Prunus caroliniana

Mexican Plum DSBFF Prunus mexicana

Lacey Oak DF Quercus glaucoides

Bigelow Oak D Quercus sinuata var. breviloba

Carolina Buckthorn DPSBF Rhamnus caroliniana

Prairie Flameleaf Sumac DBFF Rhus lanceolata

Eve;s Necklace DSFF Sophora affinis

Mexican Buckeye DBFF Ungnadia speciosa

Rusty Blackhaw SBFF Viburnum rufidulum

Shrubs

Indigobush Amorpha PBF Amorpha fruticosa

Flame Acanthus DBF Anisacanthus wrightii

Texas Barberry (Mahonia) EDBF Berberis (Mahonia) swaseyi

Agarito EDBF Berberis (Mahonia) trifoliolata

American Beautyberry PSBF Callicarpa americana

Canyon Senna DF Cassia wislizenii

Coralbean DBF Erythrina herbacea

Apache Plume (E)DBF Fallugia paradoxa

Downy Forestiera DPSBF Forestiera pubescens

Red Yucca EDPSBF Hesperaloe parviflora

Virginia Sweetspire PSBF Itea virginica

Cenizio or Cenizo EDF Leucophyllum frutescens

White Honeysuckle Bush SBF Lonicera albiflora

Fragrant Mimosa DBF Mimosa borealis

Dwarf Wax Myrtle EPSB Myrica pusilla

Texas Mock Orange (S)F Philadelphus texensis

Fragrant Sumac D(S)BF Rhus aromatica

Smooth Sumac DBFF Rhus glabra

Gregg Salvia D(S)BF Salvia greggii

Mountain Sage SBF Salvia regla

Arkansas Yucca EDSBF Yucca arkansana

Paleleaf Yucca EDBF Yucca pallida
3
Groundcovers

Artemesia (E)D Artemesia ludoviciana

Horseherb (E)S Calyptocarpis vialis

Chili Piquin PSB Capsicum annum

Virginia Sweetspire PSBF Itea virginica

Virginia Creeper PSBF Parthenocissus quinquefolia

Passion Flower PSBF Passiflora incarnata

Frogfruit (E)DPB Phyla nodiflora, P. incisa, P. lanceolata

Oklahoma Plum SBF Prunus gracilis

Turk’s Cap DPSBF Malvaviscus drummondii

Coralberry SFB Symphoricarpus orbiculatus

Wood Fern S Thelypteris kunthii

Missouri Violet SF Viola missouriensis

Grasses

Buffalo Grass D Buchloe dactyloides

Big Bluestem DPBF Andropogon gerardii

Brushy Bluestem PBF Andropogon glomeratus

Splitbeard Bluestem DBFX Andropogon ternarius

Sideoats Grama DBF Bouteloua curtipendula

Inland Seaoats PSBF Chasmanthium latifolium

Gulf Muhly (E)PBF Muhlenbergia capillaris

Seep Muhly DPSB Muhlenbergia reverchonii

Lindheimer Muhly DPBF Muhlenbergia lindheimeri

Alamo Switch Grass PBF Panicum virgatum ‘Alamo’

Little Bluestem (local) DBFF Schizachyrium scoparium

Lometa Indian Grass DPBF Sorghastrum nutans ‘Lometa’

Eastern Gama Grass PS Tripsacum dactyloides


Vines

Crossvine EPSBF Bignonia capreolata

Trumpet Vine DBF Campsis radicans

Carolina Jessamine EP(S)BF Gelsemium sempervirens

Coral Honeysuckle (E)P(S)BF Lonicera sempervirens

Virginia Creeper PSBF Parthenocissus quinquefolia

Passion Flower PSBF Passiflora incarnata

Climbing Prairie Rose P(S)BF Rosa setigera


Flowers for Meadows (All have small green rosettes in winter)

Partridge Pea DPBF Cassia fascisulata

Indian Paintbrush DF Castilleja indivisa

Eryngo DF Eryngium leavenworthii

Snow-on-the-Prairie DPBF Euphorbia bicolor

Indian Blanket DBF Gaillardia pulchella

Blue Flax DF Linum lewisii

Bluebonnet DF Lupinus texensis

Horsemint DBF Monarda citriodora

Diamond Petal Primrose DFX Oenothera rhombipetala

Wild Foxglove F Penstemon cobaea

Mexican Hat DBF Ratibida columnaris

Greenthread DBF Thelesperma filifolium

4
Flowers for Flower Gardens (*indicates green rosette in winter)

Prairie Onion BF Allium stellatum

Wild Red Columbine ESBF Aquilegia canadensis

Yellow Columbine ESBF Aquilegia chrysantha, A. longissima, etc.

Butterfly Weed (S)BF Asclepia tuberosa

Green Eyes (S)F Berlandiera texana

Winecup *BF Callirhoe involucrata

Calylophus DF Calylophus species

Two-leaved Senna DBF Cassia roemeriana

Spring Rain Lily (ES)F Cooperia pedunculata

Coreopsis *D(S)BF Coreopsis lanceolata

Datura DBF Datura wrightii

Black Sampson *DBF Echinacea angustifolia

Purple Coneflower *(S)BF Echinacea purpurea

Engelmann Daisy *DBF Engelmannia pinnatifida

Wild Ageratum PSBF Eupatorium coelestinum

Texas Bluebell *(P)BF Eustoma grandiflorum

Bitterweed PBF Helenium amarum

Maximillian Sunflower PBF Helianthus maximiliani

Halberd Leaf Hibiscus PF Hibiscus militaris

Four-nerve Daisy, Hymenoxys *DBF Hymenoxys scaposa

Standing Cypress *DBF Ipomopsis rubra

Texas Lantana DBF Lantana horrida

Gayfeather DBF Liatris mucronata

Cardinal Flower PSBF Lobelia cardinalis

Turk’s Cap DPSBF Malvaviscus drummondii

Barbara’s Buttons *BF Marshallia caespitosa

Blackfoot Daisy DBF Melampodium leucanthum

Bergamot *PBF Monarda fistulosa

Pink Evening Primrose *BF Oenothera speciosa

Yellow Buttercup DBF Oenothera triloba

Pavonia (Rock Rose) D(S)BF Pavonia lasiopetala

Gulf Coast Penstemon *P(S)F Penstemon tenuis

Fragrant Phlox SBF Phlox pilosa

Fall Obedient Plant *P(S)F Physostegia virginiana

White Milk Wort *DBF Polygala alba

Mexican Hat *DBF Ratibida columnaris

Black Eyed Susan *(S)F Rudbeckia hirta

Ruellia SBF Ruellia nudiflora, R. humilis

Scarlet Sage PSBF Salvia coccinea

Engelmann Sage DBF Salvia engelmannii

Mealy Blue Sage DBF Salvia farinacea

Big Red Salvia *BF Salvia penstemonoides

Cedar Sage (E)SBF Salvia roemeriana

Shrubby Skullcap *DBF Scutellaria drummondii

Blue-eyed Grass SF Sisyrinchium species

Greenthread DBF Thelesperma filifolium

Spiderwort SF Tradescantia species

Prairie Verbena (E)DBF Verbena bipinnatifida



Cowpen Daisy DBF Verbesina enceloides

Zexmenia DSF Wedelia hispida (W. texana)


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