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India’s Conservation Breeding Initiative” 21st to 24th February, 2008, New Delhi, India


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International Conference on

India’s Conservation Breeding Initiative”

21st to 24th February, 2008,

New Delhi, India

Organizer:
Central Zoo Authority (Ministry of Environment & Forests), Govt. of India

Annexe VI, Bikaner House,

Shahjahan Road,

New Delhi – 110 011 (India).


Tele: +91-11-23381585

+91-11-23070375

+91-11-23073072

Fax: +91-11-23386012

E-mail: cza@nic.in
Website: http://www.cza.nic.in.
Contact Person: Dr. B.R. Sharma, Member Secretary, Central Zoo Authority

Cellular Number: +919868269430


Venue & Accommodation:
The Conference will be held at National Agriculture Science Centre, Dev Prakash Shastri Marg, New Delhi – 110 012 (India). Accommodation for the resource persons and participants from India has been arranged at International Guest House in the same campus, whereas all the delegates from Zoos abroad will be staying at Hotel Ashok, Chanakyapuri, New Delhi.
Conference Overview
Zoos in India are regulated as per the Recognition of Zoo Rules, 1992 under the provisions of the Wild Life (Protection) Act, 1972 and guided by the National Zoo Policy, 1998. The Central Zoo Authority was established by the Government of India in the year 1992 to oversee the functioning of Zoos in the country and to provide them technical and other inputs to come up to the desired level of management. There are 169 recognized Zoos in India, of which, 62 are major Zoos. The main objective of Zoos under the National Zoo Policy, 1998 is to strengthen the national efforts in conservation of rich biodiversity of the country, particularly the wild fauna, which can be achieved by supporting the conservation of endangered wild animal species by giving species which have no chance of survival in wild, a last chance through coordinated breeding under ex-situ conditions and raise stocks for rehabilitating them in wild, as and when it is appropriate and desirable. The National Wildlife Action Plan (2002-2016) also lays emphasis on the role of Zoos for ex-situ breeding of endangered species of wild fauna and their rehabilitation in the wild as per the IUCN guidelines for reintroduction. The Central Zoo Authority has been identified under the Plan as one of the organizations for developing capabilities in this field. Today when wildlife habitats are under severe pressure and large number of species of wild animals have become endangered, the Zoos have not only to sustain their own populations but also augment the depleting population of endangered species in the wild.
It has been decided in the Central Zoo Authority that the Indian Zoos must have at least 100 (Target of 350 in captivity in world of which 100 must be in India) physically, genetically and behaviourally healthy individuals of each critically endangered wild animal species with less than few hundreds/ thousands (or say less than 2500) individuals left in the wild. Species with localized distribution get preference in the scheme of things. Proper captive stock to continue display, to act as insurance for the exigency and for reintroduction/ release in wild, in case needed, form very base of conservation breeding programme in India. The ex-situ conservation breeding of endangered species in India is a joint venture of in-situ and ex-situ wildlife managers. It is a need based activity. The in-situ wildlife managers identified the species which need immediate intervention in form of ex-situ conservation breeding and also the habitats for which the activity is proposed. Taking corrective measures to address the cause of earlier decline/ extinction of the wild population of the targeted species is one of the important components of the programme. The existing Zoos are the other major component of the programme as there is huge infrastructure and trained/ experienced manpower available over there to deal with the issue.
Two to four Zoos in the habitat range of the targeted species take part in the breeding programme, whereas, the breeding facilities in the form of off-display conservation breeding centres are created only in one (coordinating Zoos) to two Zoos of the region. Other Zoos in addition to the coordinating and participating Zoo continue to display the species in naturalistic enclosures. Possibility of identifying around 25 founders is assessed from existing captive population in Indian Zoos. Efforts are made to acquire suitable founders from rescue centres, foreign Zoos and even from wild to initiate the programme or to induce new blood in the existing captive populations. The target is as already mentioned, to have at least 100 physically, genetically and behaviourally healthy and identifiable individuals with animal history records of each species in captivity with less than 2500 individuals left in the wild. The Central Zoo Authority is providing funds for creation of off-display conservation breedng facilities and engagement of technical manpower for preparation of conservation breeding management plan for each identified species in coordinating Zoos. The Wildlife Institute of India has been entrusted the work of preparation and updating the national studbooks/ herd books of all the targeted species including marking and preparing animal history sheets of all the participating individuals. A National Referral Centre has been established at Indian Veterinary Research Institute, Bareilly to provide super speciality services and diagnostic facilities to the Zoos for physical health check-up and health care of the animals. A Laboratory for Conservation of Endangered Species (LaCONES) for biotechnological interventions has been established at Hyderabad for doing genetic fingerprinting of the founders and others. World Association of Zoos & Aquariums/ Conservation Breeding Specialist Group (CBSG)/ SSC/ IUCN have also been requested to be engaged and support the activity. All the major Zoos in India are joining ISIS/ ZIMS.
58 different critically endangered wild animal species have been identified for adoption under coordinated conservation breeding programme in India (list enclosed).
Programmes:
Wednesday: 20th February, 2008
The resource persons and the Directors/ Representative from Indian Zoos will arrive at New Delhi and stay at International Guest House, National Agriculture Science Centre, Dev Prakash Shastri Marg, New Delhi – 12.
Thursday: 21st February, 2008
Opening of the Conference with the resource persons and Indian participants. The morning session will be devoted to conservation breeding programme in Indian Zoos whereas the afternoon session has been kept for enrichment of animal enclosures in the Zoos.
The foreign participants will start arriving during the day and will be staying at Hotel Ashok, Chanakyapuri, New Delhi.
Friday: 22nd February, 2008
All the resource persons as well as the Indian participants will continue at the Conference site. The first half will be devoted to the record keeping and ZIMS whereas in the second half, the representatives from Indian Veterinary Research Institute and LaCONES will be talking to the participants, followed by discussion.
Saturday: 23rd February, 2008
The Full House Conference (Indian as well as foreign participants) will start with Inaugural Session followed by the Technical Session on Conservation Breeding of Indian Wild Animal Species. In the second half, the Technical Session will be followed by the working group formation and discussion sessions of the different working groups.
Sunday: 24th February, 2008
In the first half, the Technical Session will be followed by working group discussions whereas in the afternoon presentations by the different working groups will precede the broad discussion session and recommendations.
Post Conference Tour
All interested foreign participants will be visiting coordinating/ participating Zoos of the wild animal species of their interest followed by the visit to the natural habitat of the species concerned in different parts of India.
Social Programmes
Friday: 22nd February, 2008
All the foreign participants will be visiting National Zoological Park, New Delhi during the day and meet their Indian counterparts at the icebreaker and dinner in the evening.
Saturday: 23rd February, 2008
On 23rd February, the Chairman, Central Zoo Authority will host dinner to all the participants.
Cost
All the travel costs including in India have to be borne by the participants (from abroad) whereas lodging, boarding and local hospitality will be provided by the Central Zoo Authority.
Contact us

All individuals and institutions invested in or are interested in ex-situ conservation breeding of wild animal species of Indian sub-continent are welcome to the Conference. The interested participants are required to give information in the following form:




  1. Title

  2. Name

  3. Surname

  4. E:mail

  5. Country

  6. Telephone/ Fax

  7. Type of accommodation required

  8. Interested in (Sps or aspect of Conservation Breeding of Wild Animals)

All Administrative and Conference correspondence will be handled by the Central Zoo Authority, New Delhi.




*************

List of the identified endangered wild animal species to be taken up for the planned coordinated Conservation Breeding giving details of the coordinating Zoos, participating Zoos and the number of animals of the species in captivity in India


Sl.

No.


Name of the

Species


Name of the coordinating Zoo

Names of the participating Zoos

Number of animals of the species in captivity

1.

Asiatic lion (Panthera leo)

Junagarh

Hyderabad, Bhopal, New Delhi, Rajkot

80

2.

Bengal tiger

(Panthera tigris)




Bhopal

New Delhi Hyderabad, Bhubaneswar, Chhatbir, Chennai

255

3.

Snow leopard (Panthera uncia)

Darjeeling

Leh, Kufri, Nainigal, Gangtok

18

4.

Clouded leopard (Panthera nebulosa)

Sepahijala

Guwahati

14

5.

Asiatic cheetah (Acinonyx jubatus venaticus)

Junagarh

--

--

6.

Golden cat (Catopuma temmincki)

Guwahati




3

7.

Tibetan wolf (Canis lupus)

Darjeeling

Gangtok, Nainital, Kufri

21

8.

Wild dog (Cuon alpinus)

Visakhapatnam

Chennai

30

9.

Brown bear (Ursus arctos)

Kufri

Leh

2

10.

Sun bear (Helarctos malayanus)

Aizawl

Guwahati

2

11.

Red panda (Ailurus fulgens)

Darjeeling

Gangtok, Yachuli

18

12.

Binturong (Arctictis binturong)

Sepahijala

Guwahati, Aizawl

13

13.

Pangolin (Lepus nigricollis)

Bhubaneswar

--

8

14.

Lion tailed monkey (Macaca silenus)

Chennai

Mysore, Trivandrum

60

15.

Pig-tailed monkey (Macaca nemestrina)

Sepahijala

Guwahati

18

16.

Stump tailed monkey (Macaca radiate)

Aizawl

Guwahati

51

17.

Phayre's leaf monkey (Trachypithecus phayrei)

Sepahijala

--

14

18.

Crab eating monkey (Macaca fascicularis)

Chidiyatapu (Port Blair)

--

12

19.

Nilgiri langur (Semnopithecus johnii)

Chennai

Mysore

27

20.

Golden langur (Trachypithecus geei)

Guwahati

Island near Guwahati

14

21.

Capped langur (Trachypithecus pileatus)

Rangapahar

--

6

22.

Hoolock gibbon (Hoolock leuconedys),

Itanagar

Aizawl, Guwahati, Sepahijala

11

23.

Rhinoceros (Rhinoceros unicornis)

Guwahati

Patna, New Delhi, Kanpur

36

24.

Indian bison (Bos gaurus)

Mysore

Chennai, Bondla

37

25.

Wild ass (Equus hemionus khur)

Junagarh

--

11

26.

Himalayan tahr (Hemitragus jemlahicus)

Gangtok

Darjeeling, Kufri, Chopta

3

27.

Nilgiri tahr (Nilgiritragus hylocrius)

Ooty

--

1

28.

Markhor (Capra falconeri)

Pehalgaon

--

-

29.

Blue sheep (Pseudois nayaur)

Gangtok

Darjeeling

-

30.

Serow (Nemorhaedus sumatraensis)

Guwahati

Manipur

6

31.

Swamp deer (Cervus duvauceli)

Lucknow

Jaldapara WLS

115

32.

Thamin deer (Cervus eldii)

Manipur

Guwahati, Kolkata, New Delhi

177

33.

Mouse deer (Tragulus meminna)


Hyderabad

Bhubaneswar

13

34.

Musk deer (Moschus chrysogaster)

Chopta

Gulmarg, Gangtok, Kufri

11

35.

Hangul (Cervus elaphus hanglu)

Shikargah

--

1

36.

Chiru (Pantholops hodgsonii)

Leh

--

2

37.

Pygmy hog (Sus salvanius)

Basistha

Guwahati

112

38.

Himalayan monal (Lophophorus impejanus)

Manali

Darjeeling, Gangtok

23

39.

Blood pheasant (Ithaginis cruentus)

Gangtok

Darjeeling

--

40.

Cheer pheasant (Catreus wallichi)

Chail

Almora

48

41.

Hume’s pheasant (Syrmaticus humiae humaie)

Aizawl

--

4

42.

Grey Peacock pheasant (Polyplectron bicalcaratum)

Guwahati

Kolkata, Darjeeling

60

43.

Sclater’s (mishmi) monal (Lophophorus sclateri sclateri)

Yachuli

--

--

44.

Tibetan eared pheasant (Crossoptilon harmani)

Yachuli

--

--

45.

Temminck tragopan (Tragopan temminckii)

Yachuli

--

--

46.

Blyth’s tragopan (Tragopan blythii)

Kohima

--

12

47.

Western tragopan (Tragopan melanocephalus)

Sarahan

--

8

48.

Styr tragopan (Tragopan satyra)

Darjeeling

Gangtok

2

49.

Grey jungle fowl (Gallus sonnerati)

Tirupati

--

33

50.

Red jungle fowl (Gallus gallus gallus)

Morni

Chail, New Delhi, Aizawl

209

51.

Vultures (White backed Vulture, Himalayan Griffon Vulture, etc.)

Pinjore

Hyderabad, Bhopal, Junagarh, Bhubaneswar, Rajabhatkhawa, Guwahati

93

52.

Falcons (Eagles, Hobbies, Kestral, Harrier, accipiter, etc.)

Chhatbir

Jaipur

3

53.

Bustards (Great Indian bustard, Lesser florican, Bengal florican, Hubara bustard)

--

--

1

54.

Nicobar pigeon (Caloenas nicobarica)

Chidiyatapu, Port Blair

Ahmedabad

42

55.

King cobra (Ophiophagus Hannah)

Pilikula

Bangalore, Mammalapuram

35

56.

Water monitor (Varanus salvator)

Chidiyatapu, Port Blair

Mammalapuram

40

57.

Painted roof turtle (Chrysemys picta picta)

Kukrail

Mammalapuram

2

58.

Himalayan salamander (Tyletotriton verrucosus)

Darjeeling

--




59.

Malabar giant squirrel (Ratufa indica)

Pilikula

Chennai, Pune




60.

Malabar grey hornbill (Ocyceros griseus)

Kodanadu (Kerala)

Hyderabad




61.

Malabar pied hornbill (Anthracoceros coronatus)

Kodanadu (Kerala)

Hyderabad








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