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Family/Common Name/Status Scientific Name


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Vertebrate Species with Known or Potential Occurrence in the Headwaters Basin of the North Fork American River, Placer County. (See footnote at bottom for status codes).


Family/Common Name/Status

Scientific Name

FISHES

Trout (Salmonidae)




Rainbow Trout

Oncorhynchus mykiss irideus





Brown Trout (I)

Salmo trutta





Eastern Brook Trout (I)

Salvelinus fontinalis




AMPHIBIANS


True Toads (Bufonidae)




Western Toad

Bufo boreas





Chorus Frogs (Hylidae)




Pacific Chorus Frog

Pseudacris regilla





True Frogs (Ranidae)




Sierra Nevada Yellow-legged Frog

Rana sierrae



Mole Salamanders (Ambystomidae)

Long-toed Salamander Ambystoma macrodactylum



REPTILES


Iguanids (Phrynosomatidae)




Western Fence Lizard

Sceloporus occidentalis




Skinks (Scincidae)




Western Skink

Eumeces skiltonianus




Boas (Boidae)




Rubber Boa

Charina bottae




Colubrids (Colubridae)




Gopher Snake

Pituophis melanoleucus




California Mountain Kingsnake

Lampropeltis zonata




Common Garter Snake

Thamnophis sirtalis




Western Terrestrial Garter Snake

Thamnophis elegans





Western Aquatic Garter Snake

Thamnophis couchi




Vipers (Viperidae)




Western Rattlesnake

Crotalus viridis



BIRDS


Waterfowl (Anatidae)




Canada Goose

Branta canadensis




Mallard

Anas platyrhynchos




Wood Duck (*)

Aix sponsa




Harlequin Duck (CSC, *)

Histrionicus histrionicus




Common Merganser

Mergus merganser




Quail (Odontophoridae)




Mountain Quail

Oreortyx pictus







Grouse (Phasianidae)




Sooty Grouse

Dendragapus fuliginosus




Herons and Egrets (Ardeidae)




Great Blue Heron

Ardea herodias




Great Egret (*)

Ardea alba




New World Vultures (Cathartidae)




Turkey Vulture

Cathartes aura




Osprey (Pandionidae)




Osprey

Pandion haliaetus




Hawk and Eagles (Accipitridae)




Bald Eagle (FP)

Haliaeetus leucocephalus




Sharp-shinned Hawk

Accipiter striatus




Cooper's Hawk

Accipiter cooperii




Northern Goshawk (CSC)

Accipiter gentilis




Red-tailed Hawk

Buteo jamaicensis




Red-shouldered Hawk (*)

Buteo lineatus




Golden Eagle (FP)

Aquila chrysaetos










Falcons (Falconidae)




American Kestrel

Falco sparverius




Merlin (CSC)

Falco columbarius




Peregrine Falcon (FP)

Falco peregrinus




Prairie Falcon

Falco mexicanus




Plovers (Charadriidae)




Killdeer

Charadrius vociferus




Sandpipers (Scolopacidae)




Spotted Sandpiper

Actitis macularia




Pigeons (Columbidae)




Band-tailed Pigeon

Columba fasciata






Typical Owls (Strigidae)




Western Screech-Owl

Megascops kennicottii




Great Horned Owl

Bubo virginianus




Northern Pygmy-Owl

Glaucidium gnoma




California Spotted Owl (CSC)

Strix occidentalis occidentalis




Northern Saw-Whet Owl

Aegolius acadicus




Nighthawks (Caprimulgidae)




Common Nighthawk

Chordeiles minor




Common Poorwill

Phalaenoptilus nuttallii




Swifts (Apodidae)




Black Swift (CSC)

Cypseloides niger




Vaux's Swift (CSC)

Chaetura vauxi




White-throated Swift

Aeronautes saxatalis




Hummingbirds (Trochilidae)




Anna's Hummingbird

Calypte anna




Calliope Hummingbird

Stellula calliope




Rufous Hummingbird

Selasphorus rufus




Kingfishers (Alcedinidae)




Belted Kingfisher

Megaceryle alcyon




Woodpeckers (Picidae)




Red-breasted Sapsucker

Sphyrapicus ruber




Williamson's Sapsucker

Sphyrapicus thyroideus




Hairy Woodpecker

Picoides villosus




White-headed Woodpecker

Picoides albolarvatus




Black-backed Woodpecker

Picoides arcticus




Northern (Red-shafted) Flicker

Colaptes auratus




Pileated Woodpecker

Dryocopus pileatus




Tyrant Flycatchers (Tyrannidae)




Olive-sided Flycatcher (CSC)

Contopus cooperi




Western Wood-Pewee

Contopus sordidulus




Hammond's Flycatcher

Empidonax hammondii




Dusky Flycatcher

Empidonax oberholseri




Black Phoebe (*)

Sayornis nigricans




Vireos (Vireonidae)




Cassin's Vireo

Vireo cassinii




Hutton's Vireo

Vireo huttoni




Warbling Vireo

Vireo gilvus




Jays, Magpies and Crows (Corvidae)




Steller's Jay

Cyanocitta stelleri




Clark's Nutcracker

Nucifraga columbiana




Common Raven

Corvus corax




Swallows (Hirundinidae)




Tree Swallow

Tachycineta bicolor




Violet-green Swallow

Tachycineta thalassina




Chickadees and Titmice (Paridae)




Chestnut-backed Chickadee

Poecile rufescens




Mountain Chickadee

Poecile gambeli




Bushtits (Aegithalidae)




Bushtit

Psaltriparus minimus










Nuthatches (Sittidae)




Red-breasted Nuthatch

Sitta canadensis




White-breasted Nuthatch

Sitta carolinensis




Creepers (Certhiidae)




Brown Creeper

Certhia americana




Wrens (Troglodytidae)




House Wren

Troglodytes aedon




Pacific Wren

Troglodytes troglodytes




Dippers (Cinclidae)




American Dipper

Cinclus mexicanus




Kinglets (Regulidae)




Golden-crowned Kinglet

Regulus satrapa




Ruby-crowned Kinglet

Regulus calendula




Thrushes (Turdidae)




Western Bluebird

Sialia mexicana




Mountain Bluebird

Sialia currucoides





Townsend's Solitaire

Myadestes townsendi





Hermit Thrush

Catharus guttatus




American Robin

Turdus migratorius




Varied Thrush

Ixoreus naevia




Pipits (Motacillidae)

American Pipit (*) Anthus rubescens





Wood-Warblers (Dendroica)




Orange-crowned Warbler

Oreothlypis celata




Nashville Warbler

Oreothlypis ruficapilla




Virginia’s Warbler (*)

Oreothlypis virginiae




California Yellow Warbler (CSC)

Setophaga petechia brewsteri




Yellow-rumped Warbler

Setophaga coronata




Black-throated Gray Warbler

Setophaga nigrescens




Townsend's Warbler

Setophaga townsendi




Hermit Warbler

Setophaga occidentalis




Wilson's Warbler

Cardellina pusilla




Towhees and Sparrows (Emberizidae)




Green-tailed Towhee

Pipilo chlorurus




Spotted Towhee

Pipilo maculatus




Chipping Sparrow

Spizella passerina




Fox Sparrow

Passerella iliaca




Song Sparrow

Melospiza melodia




Lincoln’s Sparrow

Melospiza lincolnii




Mountain White-crowned Sparrow

Zonotrichia leucophrys oriantha




Dark-eyed Junco

Junco hyemalis




Tanagers, Grosbeaks, and Buntings (Cardinalidae)




Western Tanager

Piranga ludoviciana




Black-headed Grosbeak

Pheucticus melanocephalus




Lazuli Bunting

Passerina amoena




Blackbirds and Relatives (Icteridae)




Red-winged Blackbird

Agelaius phoeniceus




Western Meadowlark

Sturnella neglecta




Brown-headed Cowbird

Molothrus ater




Bullock’s Oriole

Icterus bullockii




Finches (Fringillidae)




Pine Grosbeak

Pinicola enucleator




Purple Finch

Carpodacus purpureus




Cassin’s Finch

Carpodacus cassinii




Red Crossbill

Loxia curvirostra




Pine Siskin

Spinus pinus




Lesser Goldfinch

Spinus psaltria




Evening Grosbeak

Coccothraustes vespertinus



MAMMALS


Shrews (Soricidae)




Vagrant Shrew

Sorex vagrans




Trowbridge’s Shrew (?)

Sorex trowbridgii




Water Shrew

Sorex palustris




Moles (Talpidae)




Broad-footed Mole

Scapanus latimanus




Vespertilionid Bats (Vespertilionidae)




Little Brown Myotis

Myotis lucifugus




California Myotis ( ?)

Myotis californicus




Yuma Myotis ( ?)

Myotis yumanensis




Long-eared Myotis (?)

Myotis evotis




Fringed Myotis (?)

Myotis thysanodes




Long-legged Myotis (?)

Myotis volans





California Myotis (?)

Myotis californicus





Silver-haired Bat (?)

Lasionycteris noctivagans





Big Brown Bat

Eptesicus fuscus





Hoary Bat (?)

Lasiurus cinereus




Townsend’s Big-eared Bat (CSC, ?)

Piecotus townsendii




Pikas (Ochotonidae)




Pika

Ochotona princeps




Rabbits (Leporidae)




Sierra Nevada Snowshoe Hare (CSC)

Lepus americanus tahoensis




Mountain Beaver (Aplodontidae)




Sierra Nevada Mountain Beaver (CSC)

Aplodontia rufa californica




Squirrels, Chipmunks and Marmots (Sciuridae)




Yellow-pine Chipmunk

Tamias amoenus




Allen’s Chipmunk

Tamias senex




Long-eared Chipmunk (?)

Tamias quadrimaculatus




Lodgepole Chipmunk

Tamias speciosus




Yellow-bellied Marmot

Marmota flaviventris




California Ground Squirrel

Spermophilus beecheyi




Golden-mantled Ground Squirrel

Spermophilus lateralis




Douglas' Squirrel

Tamiasciurus douglasii




Northern Flying Squirrel

Glaucomys sabrinus




Pocket Gophers (Geomyidae)




Mountain Pocket Gopher

Thomomys monticola




Mice, Voles, and relatives (Cricetidae)




Brush Mouse

Peromyscus boylii




Deer Mouse

Peromyscus maniculatus




Bushy-tailed Woodrat

Neotoma cinerea




Montane Vole

Microtus montanus




Jumping Mice (Zapodidiae)




Western Jumping Mouse

Zapus princeps





New World Porcupines (Erethizontidae)




Porcupine

Erethizon dorsatum

Foxes, Wolves and relatives (Canidae)





Coyote

Canis latrans




Sierra Nevada Red Fox (?)

Vulpes vulpes necator




Gray Fox

Urocyon cineroargenteus




Bears (Ursidae)




Black Bear

Ursus americanus




Weasels, Badgers, and relatives (Mustelidae)




Sierra Marten

Martes sierrae




Pacific Fisher (CSC, ?)

Martes pennanti




Long-tailed Weasel

Mustela frenata




Wolverine (?)

Gulo gulo




American Badger (CSC)

Taxidea taxus




Striped Skunk

Mephitis mephitis




Cats (Felidae)




Mountain Lion

Felis concolor




Bobcat

Lynx rufus




Deer (Cervidae)




Mule Deer

Odocoileus hemionus

Status Codes:



Bold Italics=Federal or State Listed as Threatened or Endangered.
(CSC)=California Species of Special Concern (Jennings and Hayes 1994, Moyle et al., 1995, Shuford and Gardali 2008, Williams 1986).
(FP)=Fully Protected species by the California Department of Fish and Wildlife.

(I) = Introduced species that is not native to high elevations of Placer County.


(*)=Rare species with one or a few records for the Headwaters Basin of the North Fork American River.
(?) = Status in Placer County uncertain, but within the species’ known range (Zeiner et al. 1990); suitable habitat present and unconfirmed sightings within the Headwaters Basin of the North Fork American River, but no apparently no photo or specimen records available.
Compiled by Ted Beedy, Ph.D. 8-18-14

Information Sources

Published References:

American Ornithologists’ Union. 1998. Check-list of North American Birds. 7th Edition. American Ornithologists’ Union, Washington, D.C.


Beedy, E. C. and E. R. Pandolfino. 2013. Birds of the Sierra Nevada: Their Natural History, Status, and Distribution. Illustrated by Keith Hansen. University of California Press, Berkeley, CA.
California Natural Diversity Database. 2013. Special Animals. California Department of Fish and Game, Wildlife and Habitat Analysis Branch, Sacramento, CA.
Grinnell, J. and A. Miller. 1944. The Distribution of the Birds of California. Pacific Coast Avifauna 27. Berkeley, CA.
Jennings, M. and M. Hayes. 1994. Amphibian and Reptile Species of Special Concern in California. California Department of Fish and Game, Rancho Cordova, CA.
Moyle, P. 1976. Inland Fishes of California. University of California Press, Berkeley, CA.
Moyle, P., Y. Yoshiyama, J. Williams, and E. Wikramanyake. 1995. Fish Species of Special Concern in California. Final Report submitted to the Department of Fish and Game Inland Fisheries Division under contract No. 2128IF.
Shuford, W. D. and Gardali, T. (eds.) 2008. California Bird Species of Special Concern: A Ranked Assessment of Species, Subspecies, and Distinct Populations of Birds of Immediate Conservation Concern in California. Studies of Western Birds 1. Western Field Ornithologists, Camarillo, California, and Calif. Dept. of Fish and Game, Sacramento, CA.
Webb, B. 2003. Seasonal Checklist of the Birds of Placer County, California.

http://www.geocities.com/placerbird/PlacerCountyBirds.htm
Williams, D. F. 1986. Mammalian Species of Special Concern in California. Wildlife Management Divison Administrative Report 86-1. Sacramento, CA: California Department of Fish and Game.
Zeiner, D., W. Laudenslayer, Jr., K. Mayer, and M. White. 1990. California’s Wildlife: Vol. I (Reptiles and Amphibians), Vol. II (Birds), Vol. III (Mammals). California Department of Fish and Game, Sacramento, CA.

Museums and Data Bases:

California Department of Fish and Game’s Natural Diversity Database for Placer County, Sacramento, CA (2013 records search).


University of California, Museum of Vertebrate Zoology, Berkeley, CA (2003 records search)
Unpublished Field Notes from Ted Beedy and Susan Sanders.



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