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Effect of Chemicals on Daphnia Purpose


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University of Pittsburgh at Bradford Science in Motion Biology Lab 040


Effect of Chemicals on Daphnia
Purpose:
This lab is used to investigate the affect of over the counter drugs on Daphnia motility and heart rate.
Equipment and Materials:
Motic Digital Compound Microscope Live Daphnia Culture

Laptop/Motic Software Depression Slides

Droppers Cover Slips

Kimwipes Detain

Diluted solutions of: Soda (with and without sugar, with and without caffeine)

Coffee (regular)

Cough Syrup

Tea
Question:


What affect, if any, will products found in commonly consumed foods and chemicals such as caffeine, sugar, and cold medicines have on the heart rate of Daphnia? Be specific with each drug.
Procedure:


  1. Set up microscope and laptop with Motic software.




  1. Prepare a depression slide with a single daphnia adding a drop of Detain. Place a cover slip on the slide.




  1. Observe the Daphnia, allowing the organism 3-5 minutes to acclimate to the microscope stage environment. Pay particular attention to the Daphnia heart rate. Take a 15 second heart rate count and record in Table 1. Repeat three times and calculate the average. Again, record your data in Table 1.




  1. Add two drops of a solution specified by your instructor to one side of your cover slip and “pull through” by placing a kimwipe on the other side of the cover slip. Allow the Daphnia to acclimate for 3-5 minutes. Observe the movement and heart rate.




  1. Take a heart rate and record below in Table 1. Repeat three times and calculate the average. Again, record your data in Table 1.

  2. If there is time, complete steps 3 and 4 using other over the counter drugs, observing the Daphnia behavior and heart rate, and recording the heart rate in Table 1.




  1. Clean up by placing Daphnia into a separate container your teacher provides for you. Rinse the slide and cover slip, wipe dry and place in proper container.



Analysis of Results:


  1. Share your data with other members in your class.

  2. What affect did each chemical have on Daphnia heart rate?


  1. Do you think that these chemicals have similar affects on humans? Why or why not?




Table 1: Observations of Daphnia

Normal Heart Rate and Heart Rate after Chemical Added



Normal Heart Rate

(without chemical)



Solution:

_____________





















Average:

Average:




Normal Heart Rate

(without chemical)



Solution:

_____________





















Average:

Average:




Normal Heart Rate

(without chemical)



Solution:

_____________





















Average:

Average:




Normal Heart Rate

(without chemical)



Solution:

_____________





















Average:

Average:




Normal Heart Rate

(without chemical)



Solution:

_____________





















Average:

Average:




Normal Heart Rate

(without chemical)



Solution:

_____________





















Average:

Average:



Adapted from Clarion University-Science in Motion and from Ward’s Natural Science


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