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Doryanthes is the Gymea Lily (spec. Doryanthes excelsa)

The Journal of History and Heritage for Southern Sydney

A periodic Southern Sydney Journal of Art, Heritage and Natural History
Volume 2 Number 1 February, 2009.

ISSN 1835-9817 (Print) ISSN 1835-9825 (Online)

Price $7.00 (Aus)


A periodic Southern Sydney Journal of Art, Heritage and Natural History

Founding Editor: Les Bursill, JP., AIM., Dip. Couns. (CEIDA)., BA. (Arch),

M.Litt (Anth). (Fellow) ACBMS –V/Chair Hazelhurst Regional Gallery, Gymea.

Doryanthes The Gymea Lily (spec. Doryanthes excelsa) From Greek “dory”: a spear and “anthos”: a flower, referring to the spear-

like flowering stems; excelsa: from Latin excelsus: elevated, high, referring to the tall flower spikes.

Editorial Policy;
1. It will be the Editorial Policy of this Journal that all articles submitted and approved as historically/factually correct by the Editorial Board will be published in due course.
2. The Publisher retains the right to limit the word length of any article to meet the constraints of publication. Authors will be requested to limit word length to about 3000 words.
3. Decisions of the Editorial Committee will be final. Appeals to the said committee will be considered.
4. It is the Policy of this Journal that advertising material published herein will meet the requirements of the Editorial Committee for content and style.
5. Layout will be directed by the needs of the author (e.g. column or broadsheet).
Les Bursill on behalf of the Editorial Committee

Editorial Committee;
Pauline Curby, MA. Dip Ed., Grad Dip.,.
Merle Kavanagh, Dip. FHS, ADLAH
Dr. Edward Duyker, OAM.,BA. (Hons) Ph.D. Melb.,FAHA.,FLS., FR Hist. S., JP., Chevalier de l”Ordre des Palmes Académiques (France).
Garriock Duncan, BA. (Hons), Dip Ed. (Syd), MA. (Macq), Grad Dip Ed Stud. (NSW), M Ed., Dip Lang Stud. (Syd.)
Dawn Emerson, BA. (Lib Sci) Litt.B (Soc.), AALIA., D.Ua., JP.
Aboriginal Consultant, Merv Ryan
Honorary Patron, Michael Edwards.

Index of Articles Page Number

Letters to the Editor

Page 3

Sue’s Gleanings

Page 4

Pioneers of the Shire

Page 6

The Black Cockatoos

Page 7


Page 8

Diary of John Easty

Page 9

The French at Botanty Bay

Page 13

A Sensation of Falling

Page 15

A Veteran of Livingstone’s Expeditions in Berrima, Chas. James Meller

Page 21

Phillip, Colby & Banelong

Page 23

The Photograph that Stopped a War

Page 25

A Letter from Charles Gorman

Page 32

Inscriptions and the Politics of the Persian Wars (490-479 B.C.)

Page 33

Encountering Terra Australis

Page 40

A great day out for very little expense. Ring Brad and Elizabeth Cornish for bookings


The articles published herein are copyright © and may not be reproduced without permission.

ISSN 1835-9817 (Print) - ISSN 1835-9825 (Online)
The publishers of this Journal known as “Doryanthes” are Leslie Bursill and Mary Jacobs trading as “Dharawal Publishing”.
The business address of this publication is 10 Porter Road Engadine NSW, 2233.
The Email Address (until further notice) of this Journal is

Letters to the EDITOR
To the Editor of Doryanthes,


Dear Les,

As the (following) subject matter indicates we are seeking information regarding early settlement in Coronation Bay, in particular prior to 1950, with particular interest (in houses built) prior to 1920, (and specifically) in relation to our property (at) 40 Green Point Rd. Oyster Bay ( lot 32).
We purchased this property July 1961 from a Mr. Albert Edward Miller, at which time the title deed (which is in our possession) showed 5 houses and 1 boatshed existing on the property.

One of these houses was sited near the boatshed and the boatshed, naturally, was on the waterline.

The Society may not have specific information however we would appreciate guidance as to where we might search for record of habitation, i.e. local school records of pioneer families, early photographs, local government records etc.
Our friend Jan spoke with you a little while ago about this and we hope you can help us.
Thank you in anticipation

Uwe & Inge Hahn.

“Sue’s Gleanings” –

With Sue Duyker

Free Public Lectures

4–6 February 2009 University of Melbourne Faculty of Architecture Building and Planning
Jolyon Leslie (Aga Khan Cultural Trust, Afghanistan) "Cultural Space in Contemporary Afghanistan" Wednesday 4 Feb @ 6.00 (Sisalkraft Theatre, Arch Building)
John Allen (Avanti Architects,UK) "Private Privilege - Public Duty: Examples of English experience in Modern Conservation" Thursday 5 Feb @ 6.00 (Sisalkraft Theatre, Arch Building)
China Australian connections at Government House & Eryldene

Saturday 7 February 2009 10am - 5.30pm. Australian visionary architect, artist and educator, William Hardy Wilson, left a remarkable legacy on Australian architectural history through his love and knowledge of Chinese culture. Government House ballroom plays hosts to speakers examining Hardy Wilson’s work and contemporary architecture in China today. Then travel by coach to Eryldene. Following lunch specialist scholars will lead tours of the house, teahouse and garden and discuss Hardy Wilson’s and Waterhouse’s passion for Chinese art, architecture, philosophy and plants. Speakers: Howard Tanner, Anne Warr, Dr James Broadhurst and Dr Zeny Edwards. Cost: $75, Concession & National Trust members $65. Bookings essential:  (02) 8239 2211

Opera in the Garden

Sunday 8 February, Old Government House, Parramatta, 6-9pm

Bring your rugs or low ground seats to enjoy a performance by The Very Small opera Company with highlights from Carmen and popular arias from other operas.
Premium tickets available including a three course dinner, tea and coffee provided by Lachlan's Restaurant. BYO wine and champagne only.
Tea, coffee and cold drinks will be sold.

Cost: $30, children (5-16 years) $15, Premium tickets including three course dinner $89 - due 14 days in advance. (02) 9635 8149 or 0415 187 402. Bookings or send cheques to Friends of OGH, PO Box 431 Parramatta 2124
Genji - The world of the Shining Prince

Until 15 February 2009 This exhibition marks the 1000th anniversary of Japan’s oldest novel, The Tale of Genji. Featuring about 70 works, this exhibition shows the imaginative power of Japanese artists to adapt and translate this timeless and popular tale.

Art Gallery of NSW

The Pacific Connection—trade, travel & technology transfer


19–21 February 2009

A three day conference exploring connections in the built environment between the Australia, the United States, and the Pacific region.
Timeless: The art of Cressida Campbell

Until 22 February 2009, National Trust S.H. ERVIN GALLERY, Watson Road, Observatory Hill, The Rocks, Sydney


Bondi Jitterbug: George Caddy and his Camera

Until 22 February 2009 State Library of NSW, Galleries, Mitchell Wing. The work of amateur photographer, champion jitterbug dancer and Bondi local George Caddy is displayed for the first time in this exhibition of 60 photographs. These distinctive photographs document Bondi Beach during the late 1930s and early 1940s and feature parading lifesavers, leisure seekers wearing the latest beach fashions and the astonishing gymnastic feats known as ‘beachobatics’.
Horace Trenerry

Until 15 March 2009 Art Gallery of NSW. Horace Trenerry was a remarkably adventurous South Australian painter. It is his late work that provides the most significant evidence of his genius; chalky, boldly designed images that place him on a par with the finest modern Australian landscape painters of his time.
Degas Master of French Art

Australia’s first ever exhibition of works by French artist Edgar Degas (1834–1917) is showing at the National Gallery of Australia until 22 March 2009, and is exclusive to Canberra.


The Magic Pudding: Watercolours by Norman Lindsay
Until 29 March 2009 State Library of NSW, The Picture Gallery.
The much-loved characters of Norman Lindsay’s classic The Magic Pudding star in this exhibition featuring his 1959 watercolour paintings. These works inspired the Marionette Theatre Company’s Tintookie puppets, which bring Lindsay’s characters to life.
Shell-Shocked: Australia after Armisice

Until 27 April 2009 National Archives, Gallery Two, Queen Victoria Terrace, Parkes, Canberra.

At 5am on 11 November 1918, on a train outside Paris, the armistice to end World War I was signed. It marked the end of a conflict that left 200,000 Australians dead, injured or maimed, and a generation in shell shock. Ninety years later, the National Archives is commemorating the Armistice and the impact of World War I on Australian society.
Australia ICOMOS conference ‘(Un)loved Modern’

The 2009 Australia ICOMOS conference titled (Un)loved Modern is to be held in Sydney 710 July 2009. The theme of the conference is the identification, management and conservation of 20th Century Heritage places. The conference focuses on six broad sub-themes and includes a technical stream.
International Congress of Rock Art

Global Rock Art will take place from 29 June3 July 2009 at Serra da Capivara National Park, São Raimundo Nonato, Piauí, Brazil.
At Global Rock Art scientists, students and people interested in the research, conservation and promotion of rock manifestations will meet and present their papers and information from all continents thus showing that rock art is a worldwide cultural phenomenon.

Different methods of investigation, interpretation and new discoveries, scientific development and the dynamics of cultural creation and distribution can be related and compared at the meeting.

The congress will try to demonstrate that globalization is not a present-day occurrence, it started when man left his home in Africa and spread over all the continents. The congress is international and will show that Homo sapiens genetically carries a pattern of answers to problems created by the environment and by his Psyche. For this reason the congress is called

Global RockArt. For further information, visit
The 3rd Australasian Engineering Heritage Conference

November 2009, in Dunedin, New Zealand.

An aim of this conference is to tell more about engineers, engineering achievements and their impacts on communities and people’s lives. The themes and topics below are an indication of the proposed programme and the basis of a call for papers and invitations to keynote speakers.

Conference dates: Sunday 22nd November 2009 through Wednesday 25th November 2009. or

Contact: Lloyd Smith, Chairman IPENZ Engineering Heritage Otago Chapter

PO Box 5114, Dunedin, New Zealand
Men of Science Series—Darwin

Sunday 22 February 3pm– 5.30pm Elizabeth Bay House  Discover the scientific world of William Sharp Macleay, at whose urging Charles Darwin was to publish the Zoology of the Beagle, precursor to On the Origin of Species. Discover the Australian links to Darwin’s famous voyage, then walk the estate’s lost gardens to reveal its scientific past.

Paul Gauguin
A hint - don't paint too much direct

from nature. Art is an abstraction! 

Study nature then brood on it and

treasure the creation which will

result, which is the only way to ascend towards God - to create like our Divine Master.

Do you have any information?
Pioneers of the Shire - Jack and Amelia Hespe


On the 22nd October, 1952 Mr. J.H. Compagnoni, Managing Trustee, at Captain Cook’s Landing Place, Kurnell from the Department of Lands wrote to Mrs. M.(sic) Hespe of Sans Souci, inviting her to plant a memorial tree in the Reserve in memory of her late husband, Jack Hespe, the first caretaker of the Captain Cook Landing Place Reserve.


Mr. Compagnoni noted that two former caretakers: Mr Bob Grant and Mr. R.S.Fielding had planted two memorial Norfolk Island pines in September, 1952.  During that ceremony Bob Grant had mentioned that Mrs. Hespe was living in Sans Souci should they wish to invite her to plant a tree in memory of her husband also.  This he hastened to do, requesting her to identify a suitable week day, early in November, 1952 for the occasion.  He said that Bob Grant had offered to meet her and help her get across to Kurnell, and most likely he and some other representatives of the Trust might accompany her.  Denise Power, nee Hespe, Jack and Amelia’s granddaughter, of Ingleburn, was only  a small child at the time, and cannot remember much about that day.   She wrote on 19th  November,  1990  to the National Parks & Wildlife Service asking them if they had any information regarding her grandparents.  She noted that Jack Hespe was the caretaker around 30th August, 1899 but did not know the ensuing period of employment.


She had seen an article in the Daily Telegraph and wrote to the Curator of the Museum at the Captain Cook’s Landing Place, NP&WS.  She noted that her grandparents were the first caretakers of Kurnell and the Museum itself was their home when they were in office. Sadly NP&WS wrote back that they had not heard of them!


Denise treasures a card issued by the New South Wales Police, stating that Mr. John F. Hespe, No. 1434 had been appointed and sworn in as a Special Constable for the Metropolitan Police District Guard by (Earnest?) Fisher (?) J.P., Inspector General of Police, and George (Mead?) on 30th August 1899. It was noted that :”This card is not transferable and must be carefully preserved by the Special Constable, and returned when his appointment ceases. Any person finding this Warrant is requested to hand it over at once to the Police Authorities.”


Denise Power does not know what the circumstances were, that precluded the card from being handed in at the termination of her grandfather’s tenure of office, but is delighted that the family were able to keep it .


As Jack and Amelia Hespe’s granddaughter, she would love any photos, old newspapers, or records that she could access, as she is tracing her grandparents’ history and their origins. She said her father was their only son and he died in 1958 when she was only 15years old.  Denise expected that there would be a commemoration ceremony in August, 1899 but there was no invitation to attend, so she wrote again on 14th January, 1999 in case they had missed the anniversary and might hold it later in that year.

However no one contacted her to let her know if that had indeed been the case. This year, 2009, would be the 110th anniversary and again she queries if there are any thoughts of a special commemoration ceremony.


Denise would also like to know where the tree is, which her grandmother: Amelia Hespe planted, and also the Norfolk Pines planted by Mr. Bob Grant and Mr. R.S. Fielding.  She has been advised by residents that many of the trees planted by VIP’s have now been chopped down, in an effort to return it to bushland, the same as when Cook came to our shores.  This has alarmed her, as she cannot believe that these special commemorative trees could have been removed. 

She is now very keen to find the tree planted in November, 1952 by her grandmother and those of the other caretakers. She has been to Kurnell previously but can find no plaques, and suggests that this would be an excellent commemoration project for the 110th anniversary, of the first National Park claimed to have been first gazetted in the world.


Can anyone assist Mrs. Denise Power with any of her queries?

-Dawn Emerson

The black cockatoos June 07

Horizontal winter light injects a film of dew

coating the floating mosaic, sparkling litter of flowers:
lobelias, fuscias, Darwinia flowering red and white, single

stems of wattle blooming large pale orbs; geebungs,

drumsticks, hakeas, grass trees and ti-trees wait their turn.

Manic acrobats thrash the air flashing New Holland gold

but they’re all frantic - topsy-turvey silvereyes, spinning

honeyeaters (tawny-crowned), flitting spinebills and wattle birds

shaking branches, mallee forms of bloodwood or stringybark

except for the one tree in which a raven sits preening its chest.

We glimpse a bird in a bush, slate blue hoisting a thin erect tail,

an emu-wren! First time seen here, a particular pleasure

not for the collecting but for the knowing there’s more. There is

a difference between the banksia annexing our garden,

papering over the letterbox and water-meter with squabbling

wattle birds and rainbow lorikeets, and these burnished shrubs

(ericafolia, same species) glinting fire from leafy shadow

(requiring fire); this fresh intimate natural landscape

laced with 10-80 is a visual cue for the story of Gaia,

a narrative lodged in our bones, resident in our breath.

Icing on the pink stalks of coral heath scattered across

the heath beneath the soft floundering architecture of cloud.

The track skirts Colbee Knob, you clamber the rocky outcrop

to find a lizard basking, marks of the Dharawal or a view.

I document scat smooth fox-brown, probably possum but no trees,

nothing above my eyeline, as if we had descended without fear

of lions or leopards, merely anxious to build walls around rich

alluvial pickings, but unsure how high. Pools of turf-thick moss

fill stone basins, to the north mist somersaults from valleys in

slow-motion, a sump of greasy cloud seeped overhead burns away,

the mirage of gleaming towers is submerged in a pool of smog

marking the heart of Sydney Basin slipping into a resinous sea.

Trees grow below the stone shoulder, tall banksias

and eucalypts crowd the track as it dips towards rich green folds

shaped by Crystal Pools and the Hacking River westward

where the lyrebirds nest in the cliffs, far side.

This is the source of tumultuous calls from a wave of glyphs

heading this way; cuneiform shapes displace sky,

boisterous noise unravels from ribbons of flight, 80, 90,

well over a hundred black cockatoos in a lazy procession, almost

stalling on their elastic wings. Stragglers puff out yellow cheeks

growling musique concrète. Song sings until breath fades.

The language that named each ridgetop, stream and gully

has expired along with the platypus and emu; tiger quolls are following.

70% of native vegetation has been destroyed in daylight;
who will write the obituary?

'Philosophia' compiled by Nigel Dawe

In Art there is only one thing that counts; the thing you can't explain.


Reality only reveals itself when it is illuminated by a ray of poetry.


Painting is a nail to which I fasten my ideas.


Work to perfect the mind. There is no certitude but in what the mind conceives.

The painting is finished when the idea has disappeared.


Once an object has been incorporated in a picture it accepts a new destiny.

Art is made to disturb, science reassures.

It is the unforeseeable that creates the event.


In art, progress lies not in an extension, but in a knowledge of limitations.


A painting without something disturbing in it – what's that?

With age, art and life become one.
Progress in art does not consist in reducing limitations, but in knowing them better.
We will never have repose. The present is perpetual.
It is not sufficient that what one paints should be made visible. It must be made tangible.
 - Georges Braque (French Fauvist/ Cubist Painter, 1882-1963)

The Diary of Private John Easty, HM Marines

he following three pages are direct extracts from the personal diary of Private John Easty (Marine Private)

On board

The ship Scarborough.

It is not an easy to read document and Private Easty has various means of spelling and expression. It is a glimpse of life in 1787-88

This series will continue in the next issue of the Doryanthes. I have done as little as possible in changes to the document. Only that, which makes some almost incomprehensible material readable and only so long as there were verifiable connections to any alterations I have made.
The dots…………. Are representative of indecipherable words or phrases
Les Bursill

Mun 2d (July)

Clear with fresh breases the wind att SBW Stearing WBS att 8 this
Ship Morning Saw the portigue that was
in company with us the other Day bearing
North Distant 6 Leags att 4 oclock in the
afternoon the commodore made the signal
of the Longutude this Day being in Latutuede of 6:46 & Longte of 19:4
Tues 3d
Clear weather with fresh Breases
the wind S By W Stearing WBS att 10 oclock tacked ship to get into the fleat att 12 tackt agairn and hald the agent & asked him to make the Charlottes Signal for the Surguion Genrl to come on bord Captn Shea

Date Tuesday Remarks July 3rt

being very Sick att 1 hoisted the boat out & Sent on bord the charlotte the Surgeon came on bord
Wedenesday July the 4th 1787
Clear weather with Light Breases att 8 oclock in the Morning bent new main & fore topsails att 9 oclock hoisted the boat out & Sent on board the Charlotte for the Surgion att 11 the Sirouses boat came on bord with orders to the captn the wind att South Steard WSW Repairing the old top Sails

Thurs Day July the 5th Clear weathr with Light breases att 7 in the Morning a flying fish flew on bord att 8 tacked Ship the wind att South Steard ESE att ore 1/2 past 9 tacked again att 10 the commod made a signal for Ships to repare to thair Proper Stations att 12 oclock the agent Made a signal for all captns of Ships hoisted the boat out & went on bord returnd again att 2 hoisted her in again a 3 the commodore hoisted a blew flag with a yellow croos as a signall for to be put the convicts Seamen & Marines upon an alowance of 3 pints of water Each man Each Day wich is to begin tomorrow morning made Sail att 4 oclock in the afternoon

friday July the 6th 1787 in the Morning Clowdy with fresh breases the wind att SWBS Steard SEES this Morning put upon alowance of 3 pints of water per Day att 10 oclock Saw a sloop Standing with her head to the west or west by north caut 2 albecores att 2 oclock in the afternoon tacked Ship with a heavy swell att 4 the Suply Spoke the Sloop She was from London bound to Fuarknalds ilands She has been a mounh from England att 7 She Spoke the fleat the fleat Stering WSW with Light breases — —
Sattaday July the 7th
Clear with fresh breases the wind att South Steard WSW [insert] Commodore made
att 4 in the afternoon the Signal of Longutude this Day att 12 oclock observd in the Latd of 5 North & Lontcl of 18:52 West Light wind to the SSE Steard SW
Sunday July the 8th — — — Morning Clear with fresh beases the wind att SSE Steard SW att 11 in the forenoon Saw a strang sail to windard Stearing to the Northard the fleat hoisted ther Colars but could not Speak her this Day att 12 oclock observd in 4:36 att night the wind vareing to the ESE att 12 att night varing back again to SSE Steard SW

Date Remarks

Munday July the 9th 1787 this Morning Clear with Light Breases the wind att SSE Steard SW this Day unbent the new top Sails & bent the old ones after being repared Latd of 3:55 Lontd 25 0
Tuesday July the 10th — — Clear weather with Light breases the wind att SSE Steard SW made an End of caulken the in Quarter Deck and implyed in Screapin the Decks and painting the bends in Latd of 3:30 North & Lontd 25:43 W
Wedensday July the 11th — — in the Morning dark & Clowdy with Light breases the wind att SSE Steard SW att night the wind varing to the Bastard Steard SSW this Day Observd in the Latd of 3-00 North & Lon"1 26 W
Tursday July the 12th
Clear weather with Light breases the wind att SSE Steard SWBS
Thursday July the 12th 1787
Emplyed the Ships Company in Spinen yarn this Day in Latd of 2:19 North att 5 oclock the Lieuth of the Suply came on bord to See that the Ship was kept cleane
Fryday July the 13th — —
Clear weather with fresh breases the wind
att SEES Steard SWBS this Day in the Latd of 1:17 North att 1 Spoke the frindship att night a large Seoul of flying fish flew on
Sataday July the 14th — —
Clear with fresh breases the wind att SEBE Steard SBW Caut 2 or 3 Benators att 12 oclock in the Latd of 0:15 Miles to the Northerd of the Line att past 6 att night Crosed the Equnoction Line in the Longtcl of 26:54 West the wind att ESE Steard South fine Clear wearther with Light breases
. . . Sunday July the 15th 1787
Clear weather with Light breases the wind att ESE Steard South att 12 oclock observd in the Lata of 00:17: miles
South Gaut a shirk att 8 att night the wind came to East Steard S By E fresh breases
Munday July the 16th — —
Clear weather with Light breas es W the wind att East Steard S By this Day att 12 oclock in the Latd of 1:16 South the wind att ESE Steard South 1/2 W Light Winds
Tuesday July the 17th — —
Clear weather with Light breases the wind att E By S Steard South att 12 oclock in the Latd of 2:54 South Caut a very fine Dolphin Large quaneyty of benaters & allbcores the wind att East Steard South 1/2 East
Wedensday July the 18th 1787
Clear weather with fresh breases the wind att East Steard South 1/2 East Caut 2 or 3 allbecores Spoke the frindship this Day in the Latd South of 4:25 & Lonetd of 28 West this Evening the Suply Spoke us & ordered to Serve 2 quarts of water in Stead of 3 pints Each Day to begin tomorrow morning
Thursday July the 19th
Clear weather with Light breases the wind att East Steard South this Morning servd out 2 quarts of south water per day this Day in Latd of 6:6 very Light aire the wind as before
Friday July the 20th —
this Morning Clear with Light breases att 10 oclock hoisted the boat out & hoged the Ship att 12 this Day in the Latt of 6:58 South
Sattaday July the 21st Clear weather with Light breases reparing the Small boat this Day in Latd of 8:4 South the wind Contineud Sataday July the 21st 1787
att ESE Steard South

Sunday July the 22d
Clear with Light breases at frthe wind ESE Steard South att 5 this Morning being to winderd of the Commodore the Distance of 6 miles bore away to SSW to get into our Proper station att 9 saw a Palmicitty waile bearing South west Distance about 2 miles
Munday July the 23d
Clear with with Light breaases att 10 oclock the wind att ESE Steard South in the fore-noon Squaly with rain att 11 the wind Sprang up to ENE Steard South with fresh breases att 3 oclock broke the foretop Sail tie and reevd a new one att 6 in the Evening the Sirous Sprung the main top Sail yard in the Slings Set all hands to work to get a new one up — Latd 10:15 obsvd
Tuesday July the 24th 1787
Clear weathr with fresh breases the wind att EBS Steard SJE this day revuied our neserryes & Cloaths Lat 11:50: of
Wedensday July the 25th
Cleaer weather with fresh breases the wind att ESE Steard South observd in Latd of 13:27 South
Thursday July the 26th Clear weather with fresh breases the wind att SE By E Steard South By West att 12 obsd in Latd of 15:8 & att 1 oclock the Commodore made a signall of Lontd in 29:34 West att 4 oclock a squarl with rain & wind a Large rainbow the wind att ESE Steard South att 6 the alaxander hove all aback
Friday July the 27th 1787
In the Morning Clowdy with fresh breases and Squarly the wind att ESE Steard South bent a new gib and fore top mast Staisail very squarly with fresh breases att 8 att night the windCame round to East Steard South By W in Latd of 16:36
Sataday July the 28th Clear with fresh breases the wind att East Steard SSW att 11 Split the main topsail unbent it and bent a new one in Lafof 18:8 South
Sunday July the 29th 1787
Clear weather with fresh breases the wind East Steard SW att 9 in the Morning the Suply haled us and ordered a man att the mast head to Look out for an Hand ahead att 12 oclock in Latd of 19:34 att 2 a signal of Lontd in 33.12
Munday . . . July the 30th 1787
Clear weathr with fresh Breases the wind att NE By E Steard SWBW att 12 observd in Latd of 20:38 South
Tuesday July the 31st
Clowdy weather with fresh breases the wind att NE Steard SW By W in Latd of 21:51 att 6 in the Evening Wm duglays & Jno Easty Confind and put in Irons for being Drunk on Duty
Wedensday august the 1st 1787
Clear weather with fresh breases the
d wind att NE Steard SW By W in Lat
of 22:23 this day the Commodore
hoisted a brard Pendant on bord Sirous
us Let out of irons this night
Thursday August the 2d 1787 Morning Clear with Mordrate Gales the wind att NE Steard West att 6 oclock Saw a portague brig Standing the Same way as this fleat att 11 Sent the Supply ahead to Look out for Land made Cape friyo about 3 in the afternoon bearing w By N went along Shore under Easey Sail night
Friday August the 3d Cleare weather with Light aires in the Morning Calm the Latter Part of the day Lying in Sight of of the mouth Rijaniario harbour
Sataday August the 4th Thick hazy weather in Morning with Light aires the Commodore hoisted his Colours with the fleeat the Suppy ahead going along Shore
Sunday August the 5th
Cleare weather with Light aires att 10 att anchord night out Side of the harbour the Same time Thos Mason a seaman fell from the main top sail yard when furling the topsail and broke his arm and hurted
his head
Munday August the 6th 1787
Cleare weathr att 1/2 past 1 oclock waighd anchor and went up the harbour the Commodore Saluted the fort with 13 guns and thay reurnd itt with the same number att 7 anchored in 18 fatham water the Sugar Loaf bearing South distant 2 miles the town bearing West distant 4 miles this day Jn° Easty and wm Duglays reliceed
Tuesday August the 7th
Clear weather with Light Breases att 3 oclock in the affternoon waied anchor and went higher up the harbour & anchored in 16 fathom water Wedensday August the 8th thick and Clowdy weather with Small rain began to unrig the Ship att night Servd 1 gill of rum to Each man in part of the allowance Left behind isued out fresh beef
Friday August the 10th 1787 Clear weather this Morning isued out rice to the marines and Convicts 1 poun Each man per day this night James Lee a marine Confind for
drunkenes and insolince to Corp1 nickils
Sataday August the 11th
Cleare weather Contnud fittin out the Ship and repareing the riggin Luke hines Confined for fighting with Bullmore
Sunday August the 12th
Clear weathr this Day Servd out 10 oranges per man to all the Convicts and maranes an order that 1 gill of rum Should be isued Each day Each man
Munday August the 13th
Cleare weather this Morning the Commodore and Major ross went
round the fleet and Spoke to the men
Tuesday August the 14 Clear weather this day recievd 15 Casks of beef & pork from the Ship Firshburn began to water the
Wedensday August the 15th 1787
This day a cort martial held on bord this Ship on the Body of James Lee for Disebedence of orders Sentanced 100 Lashes & Luke hines for fighten with Thos Bullmer Sentenced 200 Lashes received 150 forgiven the rest
Sattaday August the 18th thick Clowdy weather this day James Lee recievd 100 Lashes Prive to his Sentance on the 15th in Slant Luke hines put of by Sieli being Sick Compleated wartering the Ship
Sunday August the 19th
Clear weather this day the Revd Mr Jonstone Priched a sormon on board this Ship all the officers from the fleatt attinding Devine Service
Friday Remarks

Friday august the 24 1787
Thick Clowdy weather this day James Walton an aprentice to this Ship ... his time came out
Tuesday August the 28th Clear weather this Morning Luke hines Recievd 150 Lashes acording to his Sintance on the 15th Instant This Day Sent A Letter home to England by a Ship bound to London Riojeario is upon the Main Contuenent of South amearica itt has a fine Large harbour itt is well fortified from Severil Parts of the Shore and is inhabited By the Portaguece thay are a very Strict Sort of People the Solders have the whole Command of the Place thay have a great many Troops to the amount 6 or 7 Thousand men and well Deciplied the natives of this place are of a Dark Clompecton much Like the Gipsies of England Likewise Great meany of the Coats of Gueany neagoes the neagoes men are slaves for the most part and thay ware no aparell Ecept a Clout Jest round ther Privits the negos weman ware A
Short kind of a bed gownd wich jest Cover thier Brists and Shoulders and a Short Peticoat wich Come About half way down thier thies thay ware no kind of Shirts or Shifts So that thare is Bellies naked the wight wemen dress very neat the Same as in france or Spain or any other forighen Contray this Country Pruduces Large quantaty of oranges and Lemons thay are
very Cheap you may get them att 6 pence per hundred the Beef is very Small but
Prety Sweet Cabages are plentiful hear yams Plantons and Bananoes are allso Plentufull heare thare are Coconuts hear thare is a great meany defirent kind of Birds Such as Parrots Parrotcutes and another kind of Birds Called A Mecar It has a head much Like a Parrot but itt is much Larger itts taill is of a Prodigous Lenth Some of them ran to the Lenth of 3 feet thare is allso monkes hear Likewise Turkeys and Mescovey Ducks & English Ducks Plentyfull & Goats are Prety many Sugar Cane is hear this Place Lyes
in the Latd of 22:54 South and Longw of 44:7 West

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