HISTORICAL BACKGROUND(North Caucasian Society)
Circassians is my final searching topic,I want to start with ‘Why am I choose this topic as my final topic?’I choose this topic because I’m the one of assimilated Circassian and I believe that Circassians has very interesting features and I will try to show you with the help of my searching,interviews and videos. Description of the flag
The flag is not new, because it was firstly drawn by David Urquhart, a Scottish scholar sent by British Government to substain Cirkassyan people against Russia. He created a flag, that is very similar to the current flag adopted on 23 March 1992. The 12 golden stars stand for the nine “aristocratic” tribes and the three “democratic” tribes, while the three arrows represents peace. The background is green and represents both Islam and life (or freedom).
12 gold stars correspond to 12 main tribes of the Adyghe nation. Three crossed arrows symbolize union of 12 Adyghe tribes.
Nikolay Khimenkov, 20 Mar 1999
The colour of the flag is in fact Aquamarine Green, a dark blueish green, so says the flag law. The colour given in art. 2 of the law is green. But not only the illustration to the law, but also the description of the details of the flag give deep aquamarine. The supplement to the law prescribes the size of each flag element and the colourshade. (Published in Sovetskaja Adigeja 63 of March 31st, 1992)
Ralf Stelter, 04 Mar 1999 and 27 Jun 1999
History of the flag
image by Nikolay Khimenkov and Ivan Sache, 18 Jun 2003
In the 1830s, a Briton called Urquhart designed green flag with 7 stars above three crossed arrows on a green background. This flag was used by the Circassians in the fight against Russian occupation.
Stuart Notholt, 17 Sep 1995
The first Adygeyi flag was created in 1834. It was green with three yellow arrows and seven stars. Green symbolized Islam, the arrows the union of Georgia, Armenia and Azerbaijan, and the stars the seven allied peoples from Caucasus.
Ivan Sache, 18 Jun 2003, quoting from [lux01]
Lux-Wurm’s image in [lux01] differs from the current Adygeya flag by its proportions of 2:3 and the number and arrangement of the stars, an arch of five and two more stars placed among the arrows.
Ivan Sache, 18 Jun 2003
North Caucasian League (1940’ies)
image by Nikolay Khimenkov, 05 Jul 1999
Both the flags of Cherkess and Adygei are clearly evolved from this flag, a version of which (with 12 stars) being also used by the pro-German North Caucasian League set up during World War II.
Stuart Notholt, 17 Sep 1995
Clause 59. The National flag of the Republic of Adygei is a rectangular green panel, with the pictures of twelve gold stars and three gold crossedarrows with the tips directed upwards. The ratio of the flag length and its width is 2:1.
Law of the republic of Adygei
On the National flag of the Republic of Adygei
March 24, 1992
Clause 2. The National flag of the Republic of Adygei is a rectangular green panel, with the pictures of twelve gold stars and three gold crossed arrows with the tips directed upwards. The length of the flag is 180 cm, the width is 90 cm.
quoted by Nikolay Khimenkov, 20 Mar 1999
The problem is to choose: either we respect word for word the text (only it matters), and the flag is green, or we respect the picture in the law and the flag is dark aquamarine (source: [cdd], 17th June 1992).
Pascal Vagnat, 31 Mar 1999
The colour given in art. 2 of the law is green. But not only the illustration to the law, but also the description of the details of the flag (published in Sovetskaja Adigeja No. 63, of March 31st, 1992) give deep aquamarine. For Adygeja the supplement to the law prescribes the size of each flag element and the colourshade!
Ralf Stelter, 27 Jun 1999
image by Nikolay Khimenkov, 20 Mar 1999
A friend of mine, just returning from a foot trip across Adygeya (from Krasnodar thru Maykop up to the southern border), reported to me that all adygeyan flags in sight were medium green, not (dark) aquamarine.
António Martins, 10 Sep 1999
In fact some flags are manufactured in a normal shade of green, and I know an institution in Germany who received an original flag in green, with a letter added: «note that the gren shade is wrong, it should be darker».
Ralf Stelter, 04 Mar 1999
This flag is listed under number 103 at the chart Flags of Aspirant Peoples [eba94] as: «Adyge Republic (Adygei) - North Caucasus, Russia, based on written description».
Ivan Sache, 15 Sep 1999