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Career Development Event Revised December 2011


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Nursery/Landscape

Career Development Event Revised December 2011





The rules for this career development event are to be utilized in conjunction with the rules contained in the introduction section of the Arizona Association FFA Career Development Event Manual.
  1. Purpose


To stimulate career interest, encourage proficiency development and recognize excellence in students of nursery practices and landscaping through the agricultural education curriculum.
  1. Event Description


This CDE focuses your skills in all aspects of producing, marketing, using and maintaining landscape plants and related products, equipment and services, including landscape design. Participants complete a written exam, identify plant materials and equipment and interpret landscape plans. They also demonstrate their skills in landscaping, control, merchandising, plant materials measurement, interpersonal relationships and sales.
  1. Standards


1.1

27.4.1b

29.2.1b

29.2.4b

9.4

28.3.1b

29.2.2b

29.2.5b

9.8

28.2.4b

29.2.3b




  • Select and prepare growing media and understand characteristics of different medium components.

  • Determine need for fertilizers, growth regulators and pesticides.

  • Propagate, grow and maintain nursery stock.

  • Recommend installation and maintenance measures for exterior landscapes.

  • Recommend correct plant(s) for a given situation.

  • Identify characteristics of a quality plant.

  • Propagate, grow and maintain nursery crops.

  • Identify landscape and nursery crops.

  • Apply skills in selling and merchandising horticulture products.

  • Demonstrate an understanding of economic principles needed for an effective operation of a horticultural business.

  • Construct, operate and maintain plant growth structures (greenhouses, lath houses, cold frames, etc.).

  • Identify tools, equipment and supplies used in the nursery and landscape industries.

  • Demonstrate the ability to read and interpret blueprints for landscapes.
  1. Objectives


  • To demonstrate the ability to identify nursery and landscape plant materials and turf grasses commonly used in the Southwest and in the United States.

  • To demonstrate the ability to identify unhealthy plant conditions due to pests, nutritional or physiological disorders, and mechanical or chemical injury.

  • To demonstrate knowledge of the principles and skills involved in propagation, growth requirements, growing techniques, harvesting, marketing and maintenance of nursery plants and landscape turf.

  • To demonstrate knowledge of the principles and techniques of landscape design and construction.

  • To demonstrate the ability to identify, select, use and maintain appropriate supplies and equipment for nursery and landscape operations, including equipment and procedures in mechanization and automation.

  • To demonstrate knowledge of safety practices in nursery and landscape operations.

  • To demonstrate skills in oral and written business communications.

  • To demonstrate understanding of marketing principles and proper sales and service skills.

  • To demonstrate the ability to prepare accurate and legible records and reports and to interpret business documents.
  1. Event Format


  1. Team Make-Up

A team will consist of four members, all four scores will count.

  1. Event Components

The divisions of the event are:

  1. Online Exam   General Knowledge Test (100 points)

  2. Practicums (Max 4 out of possible 5 @ 40 points each)

    • Plant Selection

    • Plant Identification

    • Nursery/Landscape Materials Selection

    • Identifying and Controlling Plant Disorders

    • Plan Reading and Assessment

TOTAL POINTS – 260

  1. Event Procedures

  1. GENERAL KNOWLEDGE TEST (100 points, 50 questions, 50 minutes)

Each year the event officials will create a written test consisting of fifty objective questions (multiple choice and/or true/false). These questions may relate to any of the event competencies previously listed. The answers to all of the General Knowledge Test questions can be found in the references listed above. Each question will be worth (2) points. The exam will be taken online prior to the event. The State FFA Office will provide further information regarding the administration of this exam. Participant will be allowed 50 minutes to complete this portion of the event.

  1. PRACTICUMS (4@ 40 pts =160 points)

NOTICE: ALL PRACTICUMS WILL BE FOR INDIVIDUAL PARTICIPANTS

Each year 4 of the 5 practical stations from the list below will be selected by the event superintendent, but will not be announced in advance to teams or coaches. The stations will be set up in such a way as to provide a "hands on" opportunity for the students. All materials necessary to complete the skills test will be provided except pencils.



  1. PLANT SELECTION (100 points)

Participants will identify specific characteristics of 20 plants from the plant list. This portion of the event will be a multiple-choice test, using a computer bubble answer sheet. The 20 questions will be worth 5 points each. Latin names will be used in all questions.

The following are sample questions:

Which of the following would be the best choice for a vine to cover the north side of a house in the desert southwest?


  1. Euonymus japonica

  2. Ficus pumila

  3. Leucophyllum frutecena

  4. Gazania rigens

Which of the following plants displays blue clusters of flowers in early spring ?

  1. Leucophyllum frutescens

  2. Cordia boissieri

  3. Sophora secundiflora

  4. Chilopsis linearis

OR

  1. PLANT IDENTIFICATION (40 points)

Twenty (20) landscape or nursery plant specimens selected from the approved list will be set up in an open area. Each plant will be numbered and the plants will be arranged randomly but sequentially from 1 20. Each participant will be given the plant list that includes the botanical name, common name and variety (if appropriate) of each of the plants. Next to each plant's common and scientific name on the score sheet, participants will write the number of the corresponding specimen plant.

Two points will be awarded for each correct identification. Officials will designate a definite order of rotation and will space team members apart in order to avoid interaction between team members during this phase of the event. A time limit of 30 seconds per plant will be observed. No specimen plant may be touched or handled in any way.



OR

  1. NURSERY/LANDSCAPE MATERIALS SELECTION (40 points)

The participant will identify 20 items (2 points each) or photographs of tools, equipment and supplies used in the landscape and nursery trade. The National list of nursery/landscape equipment and supplies identification and some supplies commonly used in the Southwest will be used for this practicum. Participants will receive the list and will write the corresponding number of an item next to the appropriate item.

EXAMPLES OF ID MATERIALS:



1, 5, 15 gallon container

24" box


vermiculite

peat moss

anvil and blade pruners

4" & 6" pots

water breaker

mattock


hanging baskets

grafting knife

tree netting

pH meter




drip irrigation component

fertilizer injector

rooting hormone

propagation mat

shade cloth

plant tie tape

tree caliper

backpack sprayer

tree spade

soil sulphur

moisture meter

liners


OR

  1. IDENTIFYING AND CONTROLLING PLANT DISORDERS (40 points)

Each participant will view ten samples, each of which has a nutritional, environmental, disease or insect disorder. The participant will need to identify the disorder (given in the form of a multiple choice question) and then prescribe a treatment (also given in the form of a multiple choice question). The ten questions are worth 4 points each, 2 points for the identification of the disorder and 2 points for the selection of an appropriate treatment.

EXAMPLE: (PARTICIPANT IS LOOKING AT A PLANT SAMPLE LABELED "DISORDER #1”)



      1. Disorder #1 is:

  1. too much light

  2. root rot

  3. whiteflies

  4. salt damage

  1. Prescribed Treatment for #1 is:

  1. water deeply

  2. apply Sevin according to directions

  3. add sand to the soil around this plant

  4. use a high phosphorus fertilizer

The plant disorders to be used in the event will be selected from the enclosed list.

OR

E. PLAN READING AND ASSESSMENT (40 Points)

Participants will receive a landscape plan and 10 multiple choice questions, worth 4 points each. Questions will relate to the ability to interpret elements on the plan, read the scale and estimate materials. Scales will be provided. Questions will be multiple choice.

Example: How far apart are the tam junipers on the north side of the patio ?

Calculate the square feet of paved surface area on the north side of the house.

  1. Tiebreakers


In the event of a tie, the online exam will be utilized to determine placings.
  1. Awards


Awards will be presented at an awards assembly. Awards are presented to teams as well as individuals based upon their rankings.
  1. References


NOTE: All General Knowledge Test questions will be based on information found in the references listed above.

Arizona FFA Online CDE Test Bank (to be distributed by CD annually)

Arizona Core Curriculum, Plant Growth and Development, SRU #5.

New Western Garden Book –Sunset will be the authority for the portion of the plant identification test where plant characteristics are tested.

Plants for Dry Climates, Duffield and Jones.

Introductory Horticulture, Sixth Edition, Reily and Shry.

Nursery and Floriculture Event Plant List for the Arizona FFA State CDE Day Nursery and Floriculture Event.

Interior Plant Selection and Care, Cooperative Extension Service publication AZ 1025.

Hydroponics Instructional Package-Teachers Guide. Cornell Instructional Materials service, Kennedy Hall, Department of Education, Cornell University, Ithaca, NY 14853.

Hydroponics Tomato website: http://ag.arizona.edu/hydroponictomatoes/. U of A contact: Dr. Patricia A. Rorabough PH# (520) 621-5724.


Plant Disorders




Nutritional and Environmental Disorders

Diseases

Poor soil drainage

Powdery mildew

Overwatering damage

Root rot

Insufficient water

Verticillium wilt

Inadequate lighting

Rust

Too much light

Mosaic

Improper temperature

Leaf spot

Iron deficiency

Stem rot

Nitrogen deficiency

Fusarium wilt

Phosphorus deficiency

Damping-off

Salt damage

Rhizoctonia

Frost damage










Insects and Pests

Weeds

Snails

Nutsedge

Whiteflies

Oxalis

Leaf cutter bees

Crabgrass

Mealybugs

Dandelion

Slugs

Purslane

Aphids

Bermuda Grass

Spider mites




Scale




PARTICIPANT NUMBER______________________

PARTICIPANT NAME___________________

SCORE___________________
NURSERY/LANDSCAPE CAREER DEVELOPMENT EVENT

PLANT LIST
ACACIA redolens Prostrate Acacia _____________________

ACACIA salicina Willow Acacia _____________________

ACACIA smallii Sweet Acacia _____________________

ACACIA stenophylla Shoestring Acacia _____________________

AGAVE americana Century Plant _____________________

AGAVE vilmoriniana Octopus Agave _____________________

APTENIA cordifolia Hearts and Flowers _____________________

ARECASTRUM romanzoffian Queen Palm _____________________

ASPARAGUS densiflorus Asparagus Fern _____________________

BACCHARIS centennial Centennial Broom _____________________

BOUGAINVILLEA ‘Barbara Karst’ Bougainvillea _____________________

BRACHYCHITON populneus Bottle Tree _____________________

BUDDLEIA marrubifolia Woolly butterfly bush _____________________

BUXUS microphylla japonica Japanese Boxwood _____________________

CAESALPINIA pulcherrima Red Bird of Paradise _____________________

CAESALPINIA mexicana Mexican Bird of Paradise _____________________

CALLIANDRA californica Baja Fairy Duster _____________________

CALLIANDRA eriophyila Fairy Duster _____________________

CARISSA grandiflora Natal Plum _____________________

CHAMAEROPS humilis Mediterranean Fan Palm _____________________

CHILOPSIS linearis Desert Willow _____________________

CONVOLVULUS cneorum Bush Morning Glory _____________________

CORDIA boissieri Texas Olive _____________________

CUPRESSUS arizonica Arizona Cypress _____________________

CYCAS revoluta Sago Palm _____________________

DALEA frutescens Black Dalea _____________________

DALEA greggii Trailing Indigo Bush _____________________

DASYLIRION wheeleri Desert Spoon _____________________

DODONAEA viscosa Hopseed Bush _____________________

EBANOPSIS ebano (PITHECELLOBIUM flexicaule) Texas Ebony _____________________

ENCELIA farinosa Brittle Bush _____________________

ERICAMERIA laricifolia Turpentine bush _____________________

EUCALYPTUS microtheca Coolibah _____________________

EUCALYPTUS spathulata Narrow-Leaved Gimlet _____________________

EUPHORBIA rigida Gopher Plant _____________________

FEROCACTUS spp. Barrel Cactus _____________________

FOUQUIERIA splendens Ocotilla _____________________

FRAXINUS velutina ‘Fantex’ Rio Grande Ash _____________________

GEIJERA parviflora Australian Willow _____________________

GARDENIA jasminoides Gardenia _____________________

GAZANIA rigens Gazania _____________________

HEDERA helix English Ivy _____________________

HESPERALOE parviflora Red Yucca _____________________

HIBISCUS rosa sinensis Chinese Hibiscus _____________________

JUNIPERUS tamariscifolia Tam Juniper _____________________

JUSTICIA spicigera Mexican Honeysuckle _____________________

LAGERSTROEMIA indica Crape Myrtle _____________________

LANTANA montevidensis Trailing Purple Lantana _____________________

LARREA tridentata Creosote _____________________

LEUCOPHYLLUM frutescens Texas Ranger/Texas Sage _____________________

LEUCOPHYLLUM compacta Compact Texas Sage _____________________

LEUCOPHYLLUM ‘Green Cloud’ Green Cloud _____________________

LEUCOPHYLLUM laevigatum Chihuahuan Sage _____________________

LONICERA japonica Honeysuckle _____________________

MACFADYENA unguis cati Cat's Claw Vine _____________________

MUHLENBERGIA capillaris ‘Regal Mist’ Regal Mist Muhly _____________________

MUHLENBERGIA rigens Deer Grass _____________________

MYOPORUM parvifolium Green Myoporum _____________________

NANDINA domestica Heavenly Bamboo _____________________

NERIUM oleander ‘Petite Pink’ Petite Pink Oleander _____________________

NERIUM oleander Standard Oleander _____________________

OENOTHERA berlandieri Mexican Evening Primrose _____________________

OPTUNTIA spp. Prickly Pear _____________________

PARKINSONIA aculeata Mexican Palo Verde _____________________

PARKINSONIA florida Blue Palo Verde _____________________

PARKINSONIA microphylla Foothills Palo Verde _____________________

PARKINSONIA praecox Palo Brea _____________________

PENNISETUM setaceum ‘Cupreum’ Purple Fountain Grass _____________________

PHILODENDRON selloum Philodendron _____________________

PHOENIX dactylifera Date Palm _____________________

PINUS eldarica Mondell Pine _____________________

PITTOSPORUM tobira ‘Wheeler’s Dwarf’ Wheelers Dwarf _____________________

PLATANUS wrightii Arizona Sycamore _____________________

PODOCARPUS macrophyllus Yew Pine _____________________

POPULUS fremontii Cottonwood _____________________

PROSOPIS chilensis Chilean Mesquite _____________________

PROSOPIS hybrid South American hybrid Mesquite _____________________

PRUNUS sp. Purple Leaf Plum _____________________

PYRACANTHA sp. Pyracantha _____________________

QUERCUS ilex Holly Oak _____________________

QUERCUS virginiana Southern Live Oak _____________________

RAPHIOLEPIS indica Indian Hawthorn _____________________

RHUS lancea African Sumac _____________________

ROSMARINUS officinalis Prostrate Rosemary _____________________

RUELLIA peninsularis Ruellia _____________________

SALVIA greggii Autumn Sage _____________________

SCHINUS molle California Pepper Tree _____________________

SENNA artemisioides (CASSIA artemisioides) Feathery Cassia _____________________

SENNA nemophylla (CASSIA nemophylla) Green Cassia _____________________

SENNA phyllodinea (CASSIA phyllodinea) Silver Leaf Cassia _____________________

SIMMONDSIA chinensis Jojoba _____________________

SOPHORA secundiflora Texas Mountain Laurel _____________________

STRELITZIA reginae Tropical Bird of Paradise _____________________

TECOMA stans Arizona Yellow Bells _____________________

TECOMARIA capensis Cape Honeysuckle _____________________

THEVETIA peruviana Yellow Oleander _____________________



Trachelospermum jasminoides Star Jasmine _____________________

ULMUS parvifolia Evergreen Elm _____________________

VAUQUELINIA californica Arizona Rosewood _____________________

VERBENA peruviana Verbena (asst. colors) _____________________

VERBENA rigida Sandpaper verbena _____________________

VITEX agnus castus Chaste Tree _____________________

WASHINGTONIA robusta Mexican Fan Palm _____________________

YUCCA aloifolia Spanish Bayonet _____________________

YUCCA elata Soap Tree Yucca _____________________
BEDDING PLANTS:
DIMORPHOTHECA sinuata African Daisy _____________________

CALENDULA officinalis Calendula _____________________

CATHARANTHUS roseus Periwinkle _____________________

IMPATIENS balsamina Impatiens _____________________

LISIANTHUS russellianus Lisianthus _____________________

LOBULARIA maritima Sweet Alyssum _____________________

MATTHIOLA Stocks _____________________

PETUNIA Petunia _____________________

TAGETES Marigolds _____________________

VIOLA Pansy _____________________

ZINNIA elegans Zinnia _____________________




Scoring summary (w/percentages)


Class/Category

Points

(used for onsite tabulation)



Percentage of total score

Online Exam

50

10%

Workplace Employability Skills

50

15%

Practicum 1

40

19%

Practicum 2

40

19%

Practicum 3

40

19%

Practicum 4

40

19%







100%




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