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California National Rainbow Gathering 2004 Modoc National Forest Plant List

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California National Rainbow Gathering 2004

Modoc National Forest Plant List

Heracleum maximum cow parsnip

Ligusticum grayi sierra osha

Osmorhiza beteroi sweet cicely

Osmorihiza occidentalis western sweetroot

Perideridia sp yampah

Sephenosciadium capitellatum woolyhead parsnip

Achillea millefolium common yarrow

Agoseris (3 spp) false dandelion

Antennaria argentea silver pussytoes

Antennaria rosea rosy pusssytoes

Arnica cordifolia heartleaf arnica

Artemisia tridentata sagebrush

Artemisia (6 spp) sagebrush/mugwort

Cirsium (2 spp) thistle

Erigeron (2 spp) fleabane

Eriophyllum woolly sunflower

Hieracium spp hawkweed

Senecio (2 spp) ragwort

Taraxacum officinale common dandelion

Tragopogon spp salsify

Wyethia mollis woolly mule-ears
Hackelia stickseed

Plagiobothrys popcorn flower

Arabis (2 spp) rockcress

Erysimum capitatum wallflower

Lonicera sp twinberry

Sambucus racemosa red elderberry

Symphoricarpos spp. snowberry


Arenaria sp sandwort

Cerastium sp field chickweed

Stellaria sp chickweed
Chenopodium sp lambsquarter
Carex (6 spp) sedge
Monotropa pinesap

Pyrola sp princes pine

Astragalus (2 spp) milkvetch

Lupinus (4 spp) lupine

Medicago alfalfa

Trifolium (2 spp) clover

Vicia americana vetch
Centarium sp century

Swertia sp elkweed

Geranium sp geranium
Ribes (4 spp) current/gooseberry
Hydrophyllum sp waterleaf

Phacelia (3 spp) scorpion weed

Juncus spp(2+ spp) rush
Agastache hyssop

Monardella mountain balm

Allium (2 spp) wild onion

Calochortus sp mariposa lilly

Fritillaria sp leopard lily

Smilacina racemosa solomon’s plume

Smilacina stellata starflowered solemonseal

Veratrum californicum corn lily

Zigadenus venenosus death camas


Linum lewisii wild blue flax
Sidalcea sp checker mallow
Epilobium (3 spp) fireweed
Platanthera (2 spp) bog-orchid
Paeonia brownii western peony
Abies concolor + 1 sp white fur

Pinus albicaulis whitebark pine

Pinus attenuata knobcone pine

Pinus contorta lodgepole pine

Pinus jeffryi jeffery pine

Pinus washoensis washoe pine

Poaceae (20+ spp.)
Collomia sp collomia

Ipomopsis sp desert trumpet

Naverretia sp navarretia

Phlox sp phlox

Eriogonum (4+ spp) wild buckwheat

Polygonum bistortoides american bistort

Rumex (2 spp) western dock
Calyptridium umbellatum pussy paws

Claytonia spring beauty

Montia miners lettuce
Dodecatheon sp shooting star
Aconitum columbianum monk’s hood

Aquilegia formosa crimson columbine

Delphinium sp larkspur

Ranunculus (2 spp) buttercup

Thalictrum sp meadow rue
Amelanchier (2 spp) serviceberry

Cercocapus betuloides mountain mahogany

Cercocapus ledifolius curly-leaf mountain mahogany

Geum triflorum old man’s whiskers

Potentilla 3+ spp cinquefoil

Prunus (2 spp) chokecherry

Galium sp cleavers

Kelloggia galioides kelloggia

Populus tremuloides quaking aspen

Salix sp willow

Salix exigua coyote willow
Huechera sp alumroot

Lithophragma sp woodland star

Mitella pentandra bishop’s cap

Saxifraga sp saxifrage

Castilleja (5 spp) paintbrush

Collinsia sp blue-eyed Mary

Mimulas spp(3) monkeyflower

Pedicularis groenlandica elephant’s head

Penstemon sp beardtongue

Scrophularia californica bee plant

Veronica americana american brookline

Veronica sp speedwell

Chamaesaracha nana dwarf chamaesaracha
Urtica dioica ssp. holosericea singing nettle
Valeriana californica california valerian
Viola sp violet
typed by Christina and edited by Mathew

Compiled with the help of Greenlight, 7Song, Joe, Margaret, Chad, Maude, Terri, Catbriar, Alexis, Frank and hundreds of others who showed up each day to meet and share the stories of the plants. May our connections to the plant world continue to grow. We are a strong family.

Notable Plants
I wanted to offer some observations from the gathering concerning the plants. I am generally moving through the list from beginning to end if you want to follow my comments with the attached plant list. Par usual we were able to see what the cows did not eat or could not get to. When will the American people realize our national treasures are being grazed by livestock, harvested by lumberers, and depleted by mines.

The Umbels offered us some nice examples from the 40+ in Ca. The many yampah and the Sierra Osha were clearly plants that brought daily comment and praises. The yellow topped, very medicinal western sweet cicely stumped me for a few days (not white? Could I trust that smell?). We enjoyed consuming all of these in various ways. Each time I see ranger’s buttons they catch my eye.

The composites offered many members that we ate and drank and used as medicine—some of my favorite beings including the pan-world yarrow and Artemisias and dandelion. We were blessed with some nice batches of Arnica up high.

It was fun distinguishing the Borages from the Waterleafs and Polems. There were lots, 8 or more, mustards but we could only name a couple. The snowberry tricked us for a few days as it had an entire leaf except in its yound shoots.

High on the ridges were many fascinating species including two Astragaluses—one I named rabbit foot for its fuzzy fruit and the other Joe named bubble butt for its inflated bladder pod with red stripes. We were blessed with a couple from the Gentians but not commonly seen. Lots of Ribes but not in fruit yet. We are ignorant largely as a family with the grasses and sedges and rushes…who will take up that quest?? The wild hyssop stumped me for a couple of days—I liked its red tipped calyxs.

There was a strong presence from members formally of the lily family (left here in this way for convention sake) including some poisons (read strong medicines) including Veratrum and Zigadenous (who messed with both Greenlight’s and 7Song’s walks in Montana! Who remembers?)

The blue flax up on the ridge was beautiful. Sidalcea stumped me for a few days as I thought it was a Geranium and did not give it much focus. Finally the Orchids came to us—we had to get out of the cows range—nice to see the Platanthera (formally Habaneria) –not one but two species. The wild peony drew a lot of attention and I learned a lot more about its uses for us. The pines were well represented (wow only a 100 in the world)—notably was the smell of the Jeffery (many people thought were Ponderosa) and the endemic Washoe.

Desert Trumpet tricked me for a day (who would ever give it the common name Gilia?) I enjoyed my nibble on all the Purslane members.

The deep purple Aconite stood so strong and proud often amongst the subsp of Nettles. We ate so much nettle—at first it seemed rare but by the time I left I saw it coming up frequently. A mild sting and tasty blend. Some good discussions around how this subsp.. came out—was it evolved in the last 400 years up at this altitude or was it brought from Europe because low sting and tasty??? Anyone know?

It was great moment to see the tree version of Mt. Mahogany—they seemed ancient. I was thankful for Galium’s presence and to finally meet Kelloggia—I saw that little 4 petaled white herb a lot and finally got to name it.

The aspens really nurtured me and I was thankful to call them home for a couple of weeks. I was blessed to sit with 7Song and watch him keyout Lithophragma all the way through Jepson—a good lesson. We finally found Pedicularis a favorite of many in our plant circle. The schrophs delighted me with a nice representation of its family.

The day after I said we would not see a Nightshade for we were too cold and dry we found this new one for me—Chamaesaracha—say that name 5 times quickly. Valerian grew in great stands once we entered the wilderness area near the gathering. In the evenings in the moist areas there would be a distinct smell of this plant—a moth attracter??

I was generally impressed with the wide number of ecosystems we could walk through. By the time I left after 12 days I had grown very comfortable and attached to the land and beings that lived there. I will not forget this sacred land and look forward to my return.

July 24, 2004

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