Ana səhifə

Approved list of dune vegetation


Yüklə 22.76 Kb.
tarix01.05.2016
ölçüsü22.76 Kb.




AVALON ENVIRONMENTAL COMMISSION

3100 Dune Drive, Avalon, N J 08202




APPROVED LIST OF DUNE VEGETATION
Adapted vegetation is an integral part of the overall dune system that is vital to the protection to the Borough from coastal storms. This vegetation not only aids sand deposition and accumulation, but also serves to retain the sand in the dune system. Accordingly, the selection of plants that will survive and flourish in the harsh environment of the dune system is critical. The Borough of Avalon dune system is a diverse ecosystem exposed to wind and salt spray. The dune soils are sandy; and as such are droughty. In recognition of these conditions, the following vegetation list has been divided into three main categories based upon exposure and soil moisture conditions: (A) Salt Spray Tolerant Vegetation, (B) Sheltered Upland Dune Vegetation and (C) Sheltered Wetland Dune Vegetation based on the species tolerance of conditions and location in the dune system. The criteria for selection of the following plants for dune re-vegetation with native species include: (1) adaptation to survival in the dune environment; (2) resistance to disease and pests; (3) drought hardiness after they are established; (4) ability to be pruned to control shape and height, if trimming is begun early in the tree/shrub development, and (5) availability from nurseries.
The following information has been provided through literature review, direct dune observations in natural areas of coastal barrier island communities and Island Beach State Park, in addition to personal experience and communications with other qualified professionals in the field. One asterisk (*) indicates that this species is used by wildlife for food (including pollinators) and cover. Two asterisks (**) indicates that the plant has high wildlife value. (E) indicates that the plant is evergreen.


  1. Salt Spray Tolerant Vegetation




    1. Trees:

Common Name Scientific Name

Eastern red cedar *(E) Juniperus virginiana

Black cherry ** Prunus serotina

Winged sumac ** Rhus copallinum



Smooth sumac ** R. glabra


    1. Shrubs:

Common Name Scientific Name

Northern bayberry **(E) Morella pensylvanica

Wax myrtle * M. cerifera

Beach plum * Prunus maritima

Groundsel * Baccharis halimifolia

Bearberry (E) Arctostaphylos uva-ursi

Beach-heather (E) Hudsonia tomentosa
3. Vines:

Common Name Scientific Name

Virginia creeper ** Parthenocissus quinquefolia


4. Herbaceous:

Common Name Scientific Name

American beachgrass Ammophila breviligulata

Sea rocket Cakile edentula

Seaside spurge Euphorbia polygonifolia



Coastal panicgrass * Panicum amarum var. amarulum

Seaside goldenrod ** Solidago sempervirens

  1. Salt Spray Tolerant Vegetation (continued)

Beach pea * Lathyrus japonicus

Dusty miller Artemisia stelleriana

Rough cocklebur Xanthium strumarium



Prickly pear (cactus)*(E) Opuntia humifusa


  1. Sheltered Upland Dune Vegetation




    1. Trees:

Common Name Scientific Name

Pitch pine **(E) Pinus rigida

Eastern red cedar *(E) Juniperus virginiana

Sassafras ** Sassafras albidum

Hackberry ** Celtis occidentalis

American holly *(E) Ilex opaca

Wild persimmon ** Diospyros virginiana

Scarlet oak ** Quercus coccinea

Black oak ** Q. valutina

Blackjack oak ** Q. marilandica

Scrub oak ** Q. ilicifolia

Pignut hickory * Carya glabra

Mockernut hickory * C. tomentosa

Hop-hornbeam * Ostrya virginiana

Winged sumac ** Rhus copallinum

Smooth sumac ** R. glabra


    1. Shrubs:

Common Name Scientific Name

Northern bayberry **(E) Morella pensylvanica

Wax myrtle * M. cerifera

Beach plum * Prunus maritime

Groundsel * Baccharis halimifolia

Inkberry holly **(E) Ilex glabra



Low rose ** Rosa carolina

Sweet fern * Comptonia peregrina


    1. Vines:

Common Name Scientific Name

Climbing bittersweet * Celastrus scandens

Trumpet vine * Campsis radicans
4. Herbaceous:

Common Name Scientific Name

Bitter panicgrass * Panicum amarum

Coastal panicgrass * Panicum amarum var. amarulum

Saltmeadow cordgrass Spartina patens

Switchgrass ** Panicum virgatum

Bluestem Schizachyrium scoparium

Seaside goldenrod ** Solidago sempervirens

Beach pea * Lathyrus japonicus

Partridge pea * Chamaecrista fasciculata

Rough cocklebur Xanthium strumarium

Dusty miller Artemisia stelleriana

Prickly pear * (E) Opuntia humifusa

Spanish bayonet * (E) Yucca filamentosa
C. Sheltered Wetland Dune Vegetation (Interdunal Swales)



  1. Trees:

Common Name Scientific Name

Red maple * Acer rubrum

Serviceberry * Amelanchier arborea

Shadbush * A. canadensis

Southern red oak * Quercus falcata

Willow oak * Q. phellos

Black gum * Nyssa sylvatica

Sweetbay *(E) Magnolia virginiana

Atlantic white cedar (E) Chamaecyparis thyoides


  1. Shrubs:

Common Name Scientific Name

Maleberry * Lyonia ligustrina



Black chokeberry * Photinia melanocarpa

Red chokeberry * P. pyrifolia

Inkberry **(E) Ilex glabra

Southern arrowwood ** Virburnum dentatum



Sweet pepperbush * Clethra alnifolia

Black huckleberry ** Gaylussacia baccata

Winterberry ** Ilex verticillata

Highbush blueberry ** Vaccinium corymbosum


3. Herbaceous:

Common Name Scientific Name

Saltmeadow cordgrass Spartina patens

Switchgrass ** Panicum virgatum

Spike grass Distichlis spicata

Saltmeadow rush Juncus gerardii

Salt-marsh bulrush Scirpus robustus



Common threesquare S. pungens


Verilənlər bazası müəlliflik hüququ ilə müdafiə olunur ©anasahife.org 2016
rəhbərliyinə müraciət