Ana səhifə

Anostraca and spinicaudata


Yüklə 114.16 Kb.
tarix08.05.2016
ölçüsü114.16 Kb.


Branchiopoda

ANOSTRACA AND SPINICAUDATA1

NICOLAS RABET

Laboratoire de Zoologie

Muséum National d'Histoire Naturelle - Paris

ALAIN THIÉRY

Laboratoire de Biologie Animale - Hydrobiologie

Université d'Avignon

Order Anostraca Sars, 1867

Family Thamnocephalidae Linder, 1941

Genus Dendrocephalus Daday, 1908



Dendrocephalus brasiliensis Pesta, 1921

Synonymy: Lutz, 1929: 4.

Description and diagnosis: Belk & Brtek, 1995: 334; Rabet & Thiéry, 1996: 497.

References: Pesta, 1921: 93, fig. 5; Lutz, 1929: 4, figs. 1-2; Linder, 1941: 273, fig. 41; Coelho & Araújo, 1982: 76; Lemos de Castro & Lima, 1986: 43, figs. 1-19; Belk & Brtek, 1995: 334; Rabet & Thiéry, 497: figs. 1-2, 9, 13-15.

Geographic distribution: Brazil (PI, RN, PB, BA, MG) and Argentina.

Comments: In typical ephemeral rainpools and in fishbreeding tanks; short life cycle (from 8 to 30 days).
Dendrocephalus goiasensis Rabet & Thiéry, 1996

Description and diagnosis: Rabet & Thiéry, 1996: 492.

References: Rabet & Thiéry, 1996: 492, figs. 1-2, 10-12, 15.

Geographic distribution: Brazil (GO).

Comments: Inhabits some ephemeral rain pools in the cerrado ecosystem.
Dendrocephalus orientalis Rabet & Thiéry, 1996

Description and diagnosis: Rabet & Thiéry, 1996: 481.

References: Rabet & Thiéry, 1996: 481, figs. 1-9, 15.

Geographic distribution: Brazil (PB, AL, BA).

Comments: Conditions of life as Dendrocephalus brasiliensis.

Family Branchinectidae Daday, 1910

Genus Branchinecta Verrill, 1869

Branchinecta iheringi Lilljeborg, 1889

Description and diagnosis: Lilljeborg, 1889: 424; Cesar, 1988: 101.

References: Lilljeborg, 1889: 424; Ihering, 1895: 176; Daday, 1910: 165; Linder, 1941: 193, fig. 21; Cesar, 1988: 101; Belk & Brtek, 1995: 319.

Geographic distribution: Brazil (RS), Uruguay, and Argentina.

Family Artemiidae Grochowski, 1896

Genus Artemia Leach, 1819

Artemia franciscana Kellogg, 1906

Description and diagnosis: Daday, 1910: 114.

References: Costa, 1972: 1, figs. 1-7, 8-10; Machado, 1977: 175, fig. 1; Abreu-Grobois & Beardmore, 1980: 134; Alayse-Danet, 1980: 259; Beck et al., 1980: 249; Bruggeman et al., 1980: 267; Costa & Vergara, 1980: 43; Johns et al., 1980: 291; Klein Mc Phee et al., 1980: 305; Olney et al., 1980: 343; Schauer et al., 1980: 365; Seidel et al., 1980: 375; Soejima et al., 1980: 616; Tobias et al., 1980: 383; Vanhaecke & Sorgeloos, 1980: 395; Camara & Castro, 1983: 145; Machado, 1984: 1, figs. 1-13, tabs. 1-2; Lavens et al., 1986: 197; Sorgeloos et al., 1986: 19; Abreu-Grobois, 1987: 90; Amat et al., 1987: 426; Bernaerts et al., 1987: 3; Camara & Medeiros Rocha, 1987: 195; Cowgill et al., 1987: 173; Gallego et al., 1987: 427; Guimarães & Lira do Rego, 1987: 479; Léger et al., 1987: 363; Mc Lean et al., 1987: 489; Requintina & Simpson, 1987: 158; Robin et al., 1987: 438; Ronsivalli & Simpson, 1987: 504; Schrehardt, 1987a: 6, figs. 1-92, tab. 1; 1987b: 33; Tackaert et al., 1987: 242; Thoen et al., 1987: 310; Vanhaecke et al., 1987: 137, fig. 1, tab. 5; Vinaeta Arana, 1987: 8; Wolf et al., 1987: 221; Medeiros Rocha & Camara, 1988: 21; Medeiros Rocha, 1990: 439; Martinez et al., 1992: 229; Rabet & Thiéry, 1996: 501.

Geographic distribution: Circumtropical and temperate. Brazil (CE, RN, RJ).

Comments: Specific status uncertain. This species is found in Brazilian coastal saltworks and has economic interest especially for production of cysts used in aquaculture. In the north Brazilian solar salterns Artemia sp. was infected by a microsporidian, Vavraia anostraca (Martinez et al., 1992).

Order Spinicaudata Linder, 1945

Family Limnadiidae Burmeister, 1843

Genus Eulimnadia Packard, 1871



Eulimnadia antillarum (Baird, 1852)

Description and diagnosis: Baird, 1852: 30; Daday, 1926: 13.

References: Lilljeborg, 1889: 424; Ihering, 1895: 173; Daday, 1926: 14, fig. 127; Martin, 1989: 111.

Geographic distribution: Santo Domingo, West Indies, Mexico, and Brazil (RS).

Eulimnadia brasiliensis Sars, 1902

Description and diagnosis: Sars, 1902: 3; Daday, 1926: 58.

References: Ihering, 1895: 174 (as E. texana); Sars, 1902: 3; Lutz et al, 1918: 169; Daday, 1926: 58, fig. 142; Martin, 1989: 111, fig. 4.

Geographic distribution: Brazil (SP, PR) and Argentina.

Comments: Inhabits temporary pools like all species of the genus.
Eulimnadia texana Packard, 1871

Description and diagnosis: Daday, 1926: 45.

References: Daday, 1926: 45, fig. 138; Martin, 1989: 111.

Geographic distribution: USA and Brazil (SP).

Comments: Presence of this species in Brazil is doubtful (Daday 1926: 60).

Family Cyzicidae Stebbing, 1910

Genus Cyzicus Audouin 1837

Cyzicus brasiliensis (Baird, 1849)

Description and diagnosis: Baird, 1849: 89; Daday, 1914: 327.

References: Baird, 1849: 89, fig. 4; Ihering, 1895: 172; Daday, 1914: 327, fig. 78.

Geographic distribution: Brazil and Argentina.

Comments: Brief description based only on the shell morphology.
Cyzicus dallasii (Baird, 1852)

Description and diagnosis: Baird, 1852: 30; Daday, 1914: 329.

References: Baird, 1852: 30, Fig. 5; Ihering, 1895: 172; Daday, 1914: 329, fig. 81.

Geographic distribution: Brazil and Argentina.

Comments: Brief description with a doubtl locality in Brazil.

Family Cyclestheriidae Sars, 1887

Genus Cyclestheria Sars, 1887

Cyclestheria hislopi (Baird, 1859)

Description and diagnosis: Baird, 1859: 232; Daday, 1926: 76.

References: Weltner, 1898: 199; Lutz et al., 1918: 170; Lutz, 1929: 5, fig. 3; Brehm & Thomsen, 1936: 212; Brehm, 1937: 33; 1938: 94; Junk, 1973: 12.

Geographic distribution: Circumtropical. Brazil (AM, RN, PE, MT, SP).

Comments: Its populations, most frequently, are parthenogenetic. It is the most common Spinicaudata from Brazil. It lives in permanent or semi-permanent pools, and is frequently associated with water hyacinths in rivers.

References

Abreu-Grobois, F.A. 1987. A review of the genetics of Artemia: 61-99. In: Sorgeloos, P., Bengtson, D.A., Decleir, W. & Jaspers, E. (eds.). Artemia Research and its Applications. 1: Morphology, Genetics, Strains Characterization, Toxicology. Universa Press, Wetteren.

Abreu-Grobois, F.A. & Beardmore, J.A. 1980. International Study on Artemia II. Genetic characterization of Artemia populations: an electrophoretic approach: 133-146. In: Sorgeloos, P., Bengtson, D.A., Decleir, W. & Jaspers, E. (eds.). The Brine shrimp Artemia. 1: Morphology, Genetics, Radiobiology, Toxicology. Universa press, Wetteren.

Alayse-Danet, A.M. 1980. Aspartate transcarbamylase in Artemia during early stages of development: 259-275. In: Persoone, G., Sorgeloos, P. Roels, O. & Jaspers, E. (eds.). The Brine Shrimp Artemia. 2: Physiology, Biochemistry, Molecular Biology. Universa press, Wetteren.

Amat, F., Hontoria, F. & Navarro, J.C. 1987. International Study on Artemia XLIV. Preliminary nutritional evaluation of different Artemia nauplii as food for marine fish and prawn larvae: 425-436. In: Sorgeloos, P., Bengtson, D.A., Decleir, W. & Jaspers, E. (eds.). Artemia Research and its Applications. 3: Ecology, Culturing, Use in Aquaculture. Universa Press, Wetteren.

Baird, W. 1849. Monograph of the Family Limnadiadae, a family of Entomostracous Crustacea. Proceedings of the Zoological Society of London 17: 84-91, pl. 11.

Baird, W. 1852. Monograph of the Family Branchiopodidae, a family of Crustaceans belonging to the Division Entomostraca, with a description of a new genus and species of the family, and two new species belonging to the Family Limnadiadae. Proceedings of the Zoological Society of London 20: 18-31, pls. 22-23 .

Baird, W. 1859. Description of some new recent Entomostraca from Nagpur, collected by the Rev. S. Hislop. Proceedings of the Zoological Society of London 27: 231-234, pl. 63.

Beck, A.D., Bengtson, D.A. & Howell, W.H. 1980. International Study on Artemia V. Nutritional value of five geographical strains of Artemia: effects on survival and growth of larval Atlantic silverside Menidia menidia: 249-259. In: Sorgeloos, P., Bengtson, D.A., Decleir, W. & Jaspers, E. (eds.). The Brine shrimp Artemia. 3. Ecology, Culturing, Use in Aquaculture. Universa press, Wetteren.

Belk, D. & Brtek, J. 1995. Checklist of the Anostraca. Hydrobiologia 298: 315-353.

Bernaerts, F., Blust, R., Thoeye, C. & Van der Linden, A. 1987. Comparison of the aerobic metabolism for four strains of Artemia: 3-9. In: Sorgeloos, P., Bengtson, D.A., Decleir, W. & Jaspers, E. (eds.). Artemia Research and its applications. 2. Physiology, Biochemistry, Molecular biology. Universa Press, Wetteren.

Brehm, V. 1937. Brasilianische Cladoceren, gesammelt von Dr. O. Schubart 2. Internationale Revue der Gesamten Hydrobiologie u Hydrographie 35: 497-512.

Brehm, V. 1938. Dritter Bericht über von Dr. O. Schubart in Brasilien gesammelten Onychura. Zoologischer Anzeiger 122: 94-103.

Brehm, V. & Thomsen.1936, R. Brasilianische Phyllopoden und Argoliden, gesammelt von Hern Dr. O. Schubart. Zoologischer Anzeiger 116: 211-218.

Bruggeman, I., Sorgeloos, P. & Vanhaecke, P. 1980. Improvements in the decapsulation technique of Artemia cysts: 261-269. In: Sorgeloos, P., Bengtson, D.A., Decleir, W. & Jaspers, E. (eds.). The Brine Shrimp Artemia. 3: Ecology, Culturing, Use in Aquaculture, Universa Press, Wetteren.

Camara, M.R. & Castro, E.V. de. 1983. Artemia salina L. (Anostraca): uma opção para a aquicultura de nordeste do Brasil. Revista Brasileira de Zoologia 1 (3): 145-147.

Camara, M.R. & Medeiros Rocha, R. 1987. Artemia culture in Brazil: An overview: 195-199. In: Sorgeloos, P., Bengtson, D.A., Decleir, W. & Jaspers, E. (eds.). Artemia Research and its Applications. 3. Ecology, Culturing, Use in Aquaculture. Universa Press, Wetteren.

Coelho, P.A. & Araújo, J.F.P. 1982. Ensaios de cultivo do crustáceo Dendrocephalus ornatus. Abstracts, IX Congresso Brasileiro de Zoologia, Porto Alegre: 76.

Costa, P. da. 1972. Nota sobre a ocorrência e biologia de Artemia salina (L.) na região de Cabo Frio (R. J.). Publicações Avulsas, Instituto de Pesquisas da Marinha (66): 1-14.

Costa, P. da & Vergara, E.M. 1980. Observations on the biology of Artemia salina in the Cabo Frio region (R. J., Brazil) I. Possibilities of production of cysts In: Abstracts, International Symposium on the Brine Shrimp, Artemia: 43.

Cowgill, U.M., Emmel, H.W., Boggs, G.U., Murphy, P.G., Gersich, F.M., Takahashi, I.T. & Bengtson, D.A. 1987. Variations in chemical composition of Artemia cysts from three geographical locations: 173-188. In: Sorgeloos, P., Bengtson, D.A., Decleir, W. & Jaspers, E. (eds.).Artemia Research and its Applications. 1. Morphology, Genetics, Strains Characterization, Toxicology. Universa Press, Wetteren.

Daday, E. 1910. Monographie systématique des Phyllopodes Anostracés. Annales des Sciences Naturelles, Zoologie, 9 série, 9: 91-489.

Daday, E. 1914. Monographie systématique des Phyllopodes Conchostracés. Annales des Sciences Naturelles, Zoologie, 10 série, 20: 39-330.

Daday, E. 1926. Monographie systématique des Phyllopodes Conchostracés. III. Limnadiidae. Annales des Sciences Naturelles, Zoologie, 10 série, 9: 1-81.

Gallego, M.E., Medina, R., Cruces, J., Dominguez, E., Sebastian, J. & Renart, J. 1987. Ribosomal RNA gene types in Artemia: 423-432. In: Sorgeloos, P., Bengtson, D.A., Decleir, W. & Jaspers, E. (eds.). Artemia Research and its Applications, vol. 2: Physiology, Biochemistry, Molecular Biology. Universa Press, Wetteren.

Guimarães, J.I. & Lira do Rego, F. 1987. The use of freeze-dried Artemia as food for penaeid shrimp larvae: 479-483. In: Sorgeloos, P., Bengtson, D.A., Decleir, W. & Jaspers, E. (eds.). Artemia Research and its Applications. 3. Ecology, Culturing, Use in Aquaculture. Universa Press, Wetteren.

Ihering, H.Von. 1895. Os crustáceos Phyllopodos do Brazil. Revista do Museu Paulista 5: 165-180.

Johns, D.M., Peters, M.E. & Beck, A.D. 1980. International Study on Artemia VI. Nutritional value of geographical and temporal strains of Artemia: effects on survival and growth of two species of Brachyuran larvae: 291-304. In: Sorgeloos, P., Bengtson, D.A., Decleir, W. & Jaspers, E. (eds.). The Brine Shrimp Artemia. 3. Ecology, Culturing, Use in Aquaculture. Universa Press, Wetteren.

Junk, W.J. 1973. Investigations on the ecology and production-biology of the "floating meadows" (Paspalo - Echinochloetum) on the Middle Amazon. Part. II. The aquatic fauna in the root zone of floating vegetation. Amazoniana 4(1): 9-102.

Klein Mc Phee, G., Howell, W.H. & Beck, A.D. 1980. International Study on Artemia VII. Nutritional value of five geographical strains of Artemia to winter flounder Pseudopleuronectes americanus larvae: 305-312. In: Sorgeloos, P., Bengtson, D.A., Decleir, W. & Jaspers, E. (eds.). The Brine Shrimp Artemia. 3. Ecology, Culturing, Use in Aquaculture. Universa Press, Wetteren.

Lavens, P., Tackaert, W. & Sorgeloos, P. 1986. International Study on Artemia XLI. Influence of culture conditions and specific diapause deactivation methods on the hatchability of Artemia cysts produced in a standard culture system. Marine Ecology - Progress Series 31: 197-203.

Léger, P., Bengtson, D.A., Sorgeloos, P., Simpson, K.L. & Beck, A.D. 1987. The nutritional value of Artemia: a review: 357-372. In: Sorgeloos, P., Bengtson, D.A., Decleir, W. & Jaspers, E. (eds.). Artemia Research and its Applications. 3. Ecology, Culturing, Use in Aquaculture. Universa Press, Wetteren.

Lemos de Castro, A. & Lima, I.M.B. 1986. Sobre um crustáceo anostráceo reencontrado no estado do Rio Grande do Norte, Brasil (Crustacea, Branchiopoda). Anais do VII Congresso Brasileiro de Zoologia, Publicações Avulsas do Museu Nacional (66): 43-54.

Lilljeborg, W. Von. 1889. Diagnosen zweier Phyllopoden-Arten aus Süd-Brasilien. Abhandlungen hrsg. vom Naturwissenschaftlichen Verein zu Bremen 10: 424.

Linder, F. 1941. Contributions to the morphology and taxonomy of the Branchiopoda Anostraca. Zoologiska Bidrag från Uppsala 20: 102-302, 1 pl.

Lutz, A. 1929. Dois phyllopodos, observados no Rio Grande do Norte. Memórias do Instituto Oswaldo Cruz 5: 3-9.

Lutz, A., Souza Araújo, H.C. de & Fonseca Filho, O. da 1918. Viagem scientifica no Rio Paraná e a Assuncion com volta por Buenos Aires, Montevideo e Rio Grande. Memórias do Instituto Oswaldo Cruz 10(2): 104-173.

Machado, W.L. 1977. Ocorrência e importância econômica de Artemia salina Leach, 1812 no Estado do Ceará. Arquivos de Ciências do Mar 17(2): 175.

Machado, W.L. 1984. Avaliação do potencial salineiro para cultivo de Artemia no estado do Ceará (Brasil). Arquivos de Ciências do Mar 39: 1-21.

Martin, J.W. 1989. Eulimnadia belki, a new clam shrimp from Cozumel, Mexico (Conchostraca: Limnadiidae), with a review of Central and South American species of the genus Eulimnadia. Journal of Crustacean Biology 9 (1): 104-114.

Martinez, M.A., Vivares, C.P., Medeiro Rocha, R. de, Fonseca, A.C., Andral, B. & Bouix, G. 1992. Microsporidiosis on Artemia (Crustacea, Anostraca): light and electron microscopy of Vavraia anostraca sp. nov. (Microsporidia, Pleistophoridae) in the Brazilian solar salterns. Aquaculture 107: 229-237.

McLean, S., Olney, C.E. & Simpson, K.L. 1987. International study on Artemia XLV. The effects of cis-chlordane and dieldrin on the food chain Artemia to winter flounder: 489-501. In: Sorgeloos, P., Bengtson, D.A., Decleir, W. & Jaspers, E. (eds.). Artemia Research and its Applications 3: Ecology, Culturing, Use in Aquaculture. Universa Press, Wetteren.

Medeiros Rocha, R. de. 1990. A experiência brasileira no processamento de Artemia sp. Simpósio de Ecossistemas da Costa Sul e Sudeste Brasileiro Estrutura, Função e Manejo: 439-442.

Medeiros Rocha, R. de & Camara, M.R. 1988. Artemia Culture: Beneficial role in salt production. Abstracts, Symposio Latino Americano de Aquicultura, Florianópolis 6: 21.

Olney, C.E. Schauer, P.S., Mc Lean, S., Lu, Y. & Simpson, K.L. 1980. International Study on Artemia VIII. Comparison of the chlorinated hydrocarbons and heavy metals in five different strains of newly hatched Artemia and a laboratory-reared marine fish: 343-352. In: Sorgeloos, P., Bengtson, D.A., Decleir, W. & Jaspers, E. (eds.). The Brine Shrimp Artemia. 3. Ecology, Culturing, Use in Aquaculture. Universa Press, Wetteren.

Pesta, O. 1921. Kritische Revision der Branchipodidensammlung des Wiener naturhistorischen Staatsmuseums. Annalen des Naturhistorischen Museums in Wien 34: 80-98.

Rabet, N. & Thiery, A. 1996. The neotropical genus Dendrocephalus (Crustacea: Anostraca, Thamnocephalidae) in Brazil (South America), with a description of two new species. Journal of Natural History 30: 479-503.

Requintina, P.J.D. & Simpson, K.L. 1987. International Study on Artemia XLV. Geographical and development changes in isozymes of Artemia as separated by isoelectrofocusing: 157-165. In: Sorgeloos, P., Bengtson, D.A., Decleir, W. & Jaspers, E. (eds.). Artemia Research and its Applications. 1. Morphology, Genetics, Strains Characterization, Toxicology. Universa Press, Wetteren.

Robin, J.H., Milinaive, C. le & Stephan, G. 1987. Production of Artemia using mixed diets: control of fatty acid content for marine fish larvae culture: 437-445. In: Sorgeloos, P., Bengtson, D.A., Decleir, W. & Jaspers, E. (eds.). Artemia Research and its Applications. 3. Ecology, Culturing, Use in Aquaculture. Universa Press, Wetteren.

Ronsivalli, P.C. & Simpson, K.L. 1987. The brine shrimp Artemia as a protein source for humans: 503-514. In: Sorgeloos, P., Bengtson, D.A., Decleir, W. & Jaspers, E. (eds.). Artemia Research and its Applications. 3. Ecology, Culturing, Use in Aquaculture. Universa Press, Wetteren.

Sars, G.O. 1902. On a new South American Phyllopod, Eulimnadia brasiliensis, G. O. Sars, raised from dried mud. Archiv for Mathematik og Naturvidenskab 24(6): 3-12, pl. 1.

Schauer, P.S., Johns, D.M., Olney, C.E. & Simpson, K.L. 1980. International Study on Artemia IX. Lipid level energy content and fatty acid composition of the cysts and newly hatched nauplii from five geographical strains of Artemia: 365-373. In: Sorgeloos, P., Bengtson, D.A., Decleir, W. & Jaspers, E. (eds.). The Brine Shrimp Artemia. 3. Ecology, Culturing, Use in Aquaculture. Universa Press, Wetteren.

Schrehardt, A. 1987a. A scanning electron-microscope study of the post-embryonic development of Artemia: 5-32. In: Sorgeloos, P., Bengtson, D.A., Decleir, W. & Jaspers, E. (eds.). Artemia Research and its Applications. 1. Morphology, Genetics, Strains Characterization, Toxicology. Universa Press, Wetteren.

Schrehardt, A. 1987b. Ultrastructural investigations of the fifter-feeding apparatus and alimentary canal of Artemia: 33-52. In: Sorgeloos, P., Bengtson, D.A., Decleir, W. & Jaspers, E. (eds.). Artemia Research and its Applications. 1. Morphology, Genetics, Strains Characterization, Toxicology. Universa Press, Wetteren.

Seidel, C.R., Kryznowek, J. & Simpson, K.L. 1980. International Study on Artemia XI. Amino acid composition and electrophoretic protein patterns of Artemia from five geographical locations: 375-382. In: Sorgeloos, P., Bengtson, D.A., Decleir, W. & Jaspers, E. (eds.). The Brine Shrimp Artemia. 3. Ecology, Culturing, Use in Aquaculture. Universa Press, Wetteren.

Soejima T., Katayana, T. & Simpson, K.L. 1980. International Study on Artemia XII. The carotenoid composition of Artemia and effect of diet on the carotenoid composition of Artemia: 613-622. In: Sorgeloos, P., Bengtson, D.A., Decleir, W. & Jaspers, E. (eds.). The Brine Shrimp Artemia. 3. Ecology, Culturing, Use in Aquaculture. Universa Press, Wetteren.

Sorgeloos, P., Lavens, P., Léger, P., Tackaert, W. & Versichele, D. 1986. Manual for the Culture and Use of Brine shrimp Artemia in Aquaculture. Artemia Ref. Center (ed), 319 pp.

Tackaert, W., Vanhaecke, P. & Sorgeloos, P. 1987. Preliminary data on the heritability of some quantitative characteristics in Artemia: 241-248. In: Sorgeloos, P., Bengtson, D.A., Decleir, W. & Jaspers, E. (eds.). Artemia Research and its Applications. 1. Morphology, Genetics, Strains Characterization, Toxicology. Universa Press, Wetteren.

Thoen, C., Van Hove, L. & Slegers, H. 1987. The cAMP-independent protein kinase activity associated with non-polysomal cytopolasmic messenger ribunocleoproteins of cryptobiotic gastrulae of Artemia sp.: 309-331. In: Sorgeloos, P., Bengtson, D.A., Decleir, W. & Jaspers, E. (eds.). Artemia Research and its Applications 2: Physiology, Biochemistry, Molecular Biology. Universa Press, Wetteren.

Tobias, W.J., Sorgeloos, P., Roels, O.A. & Sharfstein, B.A. 1980. International study on Artemia XIII. A comparison of production data of 17 geographical strains of Artemia in the St. Croix artificial upwelling-mariculture system: 383-392. In: Sorgeloos, P., Bengtson, D.A., Decleir, W. & Jaspers, E. (eds.). The Brine Shrimp Artemia. 3. Ecology, Culturing, Use in Aquaculture. Universa Press, Wetteren.

Vanhaecke, P. & Sorgeloos, P. 1980. International Study on Artemia IV. The biometrics of Artemia strains from different geographical origin: 393-405. In: Sorgeloos, P., Bengtson, D.A., Decleir, W. & Jaspers, E. (eds.). The Brine Shrimp Artemia. 3. Ecology, Culturing, Use in Aquaculture. Universa Press, Wetteren.

Vanhaecke, P., W. Tackaert & P. Sorgeloos. 1987. The biogeography of Artemia: an updated review: 129-155. In: Sorgeloos, P., Bengtson, D.A., Decleir, W. & Jaspers, E. (eds.). Artemia Research and its Applications. 1. Morphology, Genetics, Strains Characterization, Toxicology. Universa Press, Wetteren.

Vinatea Arana, L. 1987. Artemia aquicultura-shrimp, salt and Artemia form in NE-Brazil. Artemia Newsletter 6: 8.

Weltner, W. 1898. Sitzung vom 20 December 1898. Sitzungsberichte der Gesellschaft Naturforschender Freunde zu Berlin 89: 199.

Wolf, G., Vanpachtebeke, M. Hens, F. Decleir, W. Moens, L. & Van Hauwaert, M.L. 1987. Study of the oxygen binding properties of Artemia hemoglobins: 221-230. In: Sorgeloos, P., Bengtson, D.A., Decleir, W. & Jaspers, E. (eds.). Artemia Research and its Applications. 2. Physiology, Biochemistry, Molecular Biology. Universa Press, Wetteren.





1 RABET, N. & THIÉRY, A., 1998. Branchiopoda. Anostraca and Spinicaudata. In: YOUNG, P.S. (ed.). Catalogue of Crustacea of Brazil. Rio de Janeiro: Museu Nacional. p. 3-10. (Série Livros n. 6).


Verilənlər bazası müəlliflik hüququ ilə müdafiə olunur ©anasahife.org 2016
rəhbərliyinə müraciət