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Animal crematory general permit


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ANIMAL CREMATORY

GENERAL PERMIT

WORKBOOK


What is the Purpose of the Regulation?

The Department of Environmental Protection has established a non-Title V Air General (AG) permit under Rule 62.210.310(5)(d), F.A.C. (Florida Administrative Code), for animal crematories. The use of an AG permit serves two purposes: it provides notice to the department of the facility’s operation and also sets the requirements under which the facility is allowed to operate. Eligible animal crematory owners or authorized representatives are not required to use the non-Title V AG permit, but instead may choose to obtain a regular Air Operating (AO) permit. The Department, however, expects the AG permit process to be less costly and burdensome than the AO permit process. This workbook is intended to assist those who choose to seek entitlement to use the AG permit for their animal crematory.



Who is Eligible to use the Animal Crematory AG Permit?

  • Eligible facilities must not be a major source as defined in Rule 62-210.200, F.A.C.

  • Eligible facilities must not emit more than ten (10) tons per year of any listed hazardous air pollutant (HAP), twenty-five (25) tons per year of any combination of HAPs, or 100 tons per year or more of any other regulated air pollutant.

  • Eligible facilities must not contain any animal crematory unit(s) that exceeds a design capacity of 500 pounds per hour cremated.

  • Eligible facilities must not operate any other emission units that would require an AG permit, except for the following: the owner or operator may use a human crematory AG permit and an animal crematory AG permit at the same facility provided all human crematory units operate under a single human crematory AG permit and all animal crematory units operate under a single animal crematory AG permit.

  • Existing facilities with an AO permit may renew that permit or apply for the AG permit at least thirty (30) days prior to the expiration date of the existing permit.


What Happens If I Don’t Comply?

In addition to emitting pollutants into the environment and potentially exposing people to these emissions, failure to comply with the requirements of the rule, could result in legal action under the Clean Air Act, or state and local rules.



What are the General Conditions of the Animal Crematory AG Permit?

The duration of the Animal Crematory AG permit is five (5) years. The owner/operator or authorized representative must submit the proper registration form and processing fee at least thirty (30) days prior to the expiration of the facility’s existing AG permit. The owner/operator or authorized representative shall submit a registration form and fee to the Department prior to a change of ownership, physical change in location, or any proposed new construction, modification or other equipment changes involving the installation of new process or air pollution equipment, alteration of existing process or control equipment without replacement of existing process or control equipment substantially different in terms of capacity, method of operation, material processed, or intended use.


The owner/operator or authorized representative shall notify the Department in writing prior to any sale, permanent shutdown of the facility, change in the name, telephone number of the facility or owner/operator or authorized representative when it is not a change in ownership.

NOTE: The AG permit is not transferable and does not follow a change in ownership of the facility. The new owner/operator or authorized representative must submit a new registration form and processing fee of $100.00 at least thirty (30) days prior to the transfer of ownership of the facility to the new owner.


  • This AG permit is valid only for the specific activity indicated. Any deviation from the specified activity and the conditions for undertaking that activity shall constitute a violation of the permit.

  • The facility must not emit objectionable odors.

  • If, for any reason, the owner or operator of any facility or emissions unit operating under an AG permit does not comply with or will be unable to comply with any condition or limitation of the permit, the permittee shall immediately provide the appropriate Department of Environmental Protection district office or local air pollution control program office with the following information:

1. A description of and cause of noncompliance; and,

2. The period of noncompliance, including dates and times; or, if not corrected, the anticipated time the noncompliance is expected to continue, and steps being taken to reduce, eliminate, and prevent recurrence of the noncompliance. The permittee shall be responsible for any and all damages which may result.



** Use of the AG permit does not eliminate the necessity for the owner/operator or authorized representative to obtain any other federal, state, or local permits that may be required, or relieve the owner/operator or authorized representative from the duty to comply with any federal, state or local requirements that may apply.

What are the Operating and Monitoring, Operator Training,

Reporting and Record-keeping Requirements?
Initial Compliance Demonstration and Testing


  • The owner or operator of any animal crematory unit shall have a performance test conducted for visible emissions no later than 30 days after the unit commences operation, and once every calendar year thereafter.

  • The owner or operator of any animal crematory unit shall not be required to have performance tests conducted for carbon monoxide and particular matter, except when the Department, after investigation has good reason to require a special compliance test pursuant to Rule 62-297.310(7)(b), F.A.C.

Test Methods and Procedures

All emissions tests performed shall comply with the following requirements.

1. The reference test method for visible emissions shall be EPA Method 9.

2. The reference test method for carbon monoxide shall be EPA Method 10.

3. The reference test method for oxygen shall be EPA Method 3.

4. The reference test method for particulate matter emissions shall be EPA Method 5. The minimum sample volume shall be 30 dscf.



5. Operation During Emission Test: Testing of emissions shall be conducted with the unit operating at a capacity that is representative of normal operations and is not greater than the manufacturer’s recommended capacity. The operating capacity shall be a batch load in pounds, for a batch animal crematory unit and a charging rate, in pounds per hour for a ram- charged animal crematory unit.
 General Requirements

  • Particulate matter emissions shall not exceed 0.080 grains per dry standard cubic foot of flue gas corrected to 7% O2 on an hourly average basis.

  • Carbon monoxide emissions shall not exceed 100 parts per million by volume, dry basis, corrected to 7% O2 on an hourly average basis.

  • Visible emissions shall not exceed 5% opacity with an exception for visible emissions not exceeding 15% opacity for up to 6 minutes in any one-hour period.

  • Animal crematories shall cremate only animal remains and, if applicable, the bedding associated with the animals and appropriate containers. Containers shall contain no more than 0.5 percent by weight chlorinated plastics as demonstrated by the manufacturer’s data sheet. If containers are incinerated, documentation from the manufacturer certifying that they meet this requirement must be kept for at least two years after their use.

  • Animal crematory units shall not cremate dead animals which were used for medical or commercial experimentation. No other material, including biomedical waste shall be incinerated.

  • The facility shall not emit objectionable odors.

 Operating Requirements

Operating requirements for crematory units depend upon the date of original construction. For crematory units for which a complete application to construct was received by the Department prior to August 30, 1989, the following operating parameters apply:

  • Maintain the actual operating temperature of the secondary chamber combustion zone at no less than 1400F throughout the combustion process in the primary chamber; and

  • Cremation in the primary chamber shall not begin unless the secondary chamber combustion zone temperature is equal to or greater than 1400 F.

Operating requirements for crematory units for which a complete application to construct the new unit or an initial AG permit registration for the new unit was received by the Department on or after August 30, 1989 the following parameters apply:

  • Animal crematory units shall provide design calculations to confirm a sufficient volume in the secondary chamber combustion zone to provide for at least a 1.0 second gas residence time at 1800 F (This information shall be provided to the Department with the AG permit registration form for the proposed new unit);

  • The actual operating temperature of the secondary chamber combustion zone shall be no less than 1600 F throughout the combustion process in the primary chamber; and

  • Cremation in the primary chamber shall not begin unless the secondary chamber combustion zone temperature is equal to or greater than 1600 F.

 Continuous Monitoring Requirements

  • Each crematory unit must be equipped and operated with a continuous monitoring equipment to record the temperature at the point or beyond where 1.0 second gas residence time is obtained in the secondary chamber combustion zone according to the manufacturer’s instructions.

  • Each crematory installed after February 1, 2007, shall be equipped and operated with a pollutant monitoring system to automatically control combustion based on continuous in-stack opacity measurement. Such system shall be calibrated to restrict combustion in the primary chamber whenever opacity exceeding 15% occurs.

    • A complete file of all temperature measurements; all continuous monitoring system, monitoring device; and performance testing measurements; all continuous monitoring system performance evaluations; all continuous monitoring system or monitoring device calibration checks; and all adjustments, preventive maintenance, and corrective maintenance performed on these systems or devices, shall be recorded in a permanent legible form available for inspection.

    • Continuous temperature monitoring documentation shall include operator name, operator indication of when cremation in the primary chamber was begun, date, time, and temperature markings. Pollutant monitoring system documentation shall include indication of when the opacity measurement system was cleaned and checked for proper operation in accordance with the manufacturer’s recommended maintenance schedule.

    • The file shall be retained for at least two (2) years.


Record-keeping

The owner/operator or authorized representative of the unit shall maintain records for:



  • Particulate matter and carbon monoxide compliance demonstration – life of the equipment

  • Visible emissions compliance demonstration – life of the equipment

  • Continuous monitoring data - two (2) years

  • Crematory container composition - two (2) years

  • Repair records – two (2) years

Equipment Maintenance



  • All animal crematory units shall be maintained in proper working order in accordance with the manufacturer’s specifications to ensure the integrity and efficiency of the equipment.

  • If a crematory unit contains a defect that affects the integrity or efficiency of the unit, the unit shall be taken out of service. The unit shall not be permitted until it has been repaired or adjusted.

  • Repair records on all crematory units shall be maintained onsite for at least 2 years.

  • A written plan containing operating procedures for startup, shutdown and malfunction shall be maintained and followed during those events.

  • Each unit’s burners shall be operated with the proper air-to-fuel ration. The burner’s flame characteristics shall be checked visually at least once during each operating shift and adjusted if necessary.

What if I Change or Modify Equipment?

If the facility installs new process or air pollution control equipment, alters existing process or control equipment without replacement, or replaces existing process or control equipment with equipment substantially different in terms of capacity, method of operation, material process, or intended use than that noted on the most recent registration form, the owner/operator or authorized representative shall submit a new and complete AG permit registration form with the appropriate AG processing fee of $100.00 to the Department.


What are the Registration Requirements?

The owner or authorized representative of an eligible facility may register to use the Animal Crematory AG permit. Any facility wishing to use the AG permit for animal crematories must register its intent to use the AG permit by completing and submitting an Animal Crematory Air General Permit Registration Form (DEP form No. 62-210.920 (2)(d)) to the FDEP at least thirty (30) days prior to beginning operations under the AG permit. The AG permit registration form must be accompanied by the appropriate AG permit processing fee of $100.00. The form must be signed and certified by the authorized representative of the facility. Copies of the registration form can be obtained at http://www.dep.state.fl.us/air/emission/animalcrematory.htm

or by contacting the Small Business Environmental Assistance Program (1-800-722-7457).

Submitting your Registration Form or Need Additional Information?

Please send your check for $100 made out to FDEP and completed permit application to:


FDEP Receipts
PO Box 3070
Tallahassee, FL 32315-3070

Questions regarding the Surface Coating Operations AG permit, including registration procedures and information on the specific terms and conditions of its use, should be directed to:




  • General Permits Section (850) 717-9000 or

  • Small Business Environmental Assistance Program 1-800-722-7457

DISCLAIMER: This workbook is for guidance purposes only. It is not official rule language and does not include a comprehensive listing of all environmental regulations that may be applicable to an animal crematory. Please refer to Rule 62-210.310, Florida Administrative Code, (F.A.C.), for complete and up-to-date rule language.



Page Revised November 2008


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